Sea Shepherd Conservation Society 05—an international non-profit, marine wildlife conservation organization (“Makah Whaling Could Set a Dangerous Precedent,” Sea Shepherd Conservation Society, 9/22, http://www.seashepherd.org/news-and-media/2008/11/03/makah-whaling-could-set-a-dangerous-precedent-942)//FJ
The Makah tribe of Washington State may be just the politically-correct tool thatthe oil and natural gas corporations needto set a very dangerous precedent for circumventing the Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA). Not once since the Marine Mammal Protection Act came into effect in 1972 has there been a waiver to ignore the Act. Corporations, developers, and fishing industries have tried, but there is no precedent as of yet, for granting such a waiver. Whale hunting in Alaska is allowed because it is a subsistence hunt and it was a subsistence hunt when the MMPA was signed in 1972. It was a subsistence hunt when the United States joined the International Whaling Commission (IWC) in 1946. The Makah have not had a subsistence hunt for eighty years. The minority of Makah tribal members lobbying for the hunt are demanding the hunt for reasons of cultural necessity. There is no provision in the MMPA or in the IWC regulations to allow for whaling for the purpose of cultural necessity. "If a waiver is granted to the Makah for whatever reason," said Captain Paul Watson, "it will be a precedent and it will be used by other interests (most notably oil and natural gas corporations) to request waivers forthe ‘necessity' of oil exploration."