Makah Whaling neg brag lab ndi 2014 Topicality t-its



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Metcalf 2K—American politician who served as a member of the United States House of Representatives from 1995 to 2001; represented the 2nd Congressional District of Washington (Rep. Jack, “Allowing Whale-Hunting By Makah Indian Tribe Will Promote Commercial Whaling Worldwide,” Capitolwords, Volume 146, Number 10, 2/8, http://capitolwords.org/date/2000/02/08/H239-10_allowing-whale-hunting-by-makah-indian-tribe-will-/)//FJ

Today a three-judge panel from the Ninth Circuit United States Court of Appeals in Seattle heard the case, and I hope they will make the correct decision [is to] and stop the outdated and unnecessary practice of whaling by the Makahs. Everyone who understands this issue knows that this is the first step toward returning to the terrible commercial exploitation of these marine mammals. In the papers filed by the Makahs with NOAA, they refused to deny that this was a move toward renewal of commercial whaling. It is important to understand that the International Whaling Commission has never sanctioned the Makah whale hunt. Under the International Whaling Convention, of which the United States is signatory, it has only been legal to hunt whales for scientific or aboriginal subsistence purposes. The tribe clearly has no nutritional need to kill whales. In the face of strong IWC, the International Whaling Commission, opposition to the original Makah proposal, the U.S. delegation ignored years of opposition to whale-killing and cut a deal with the Russian government in a backdoor effort to find a way to grant the Makah the right to kill whales. The agreement is to allow the Makah tribe to kill four of the whales each year, that is, to allow the tribe, the Makah tribe to kill four whales each year from the Russian quota, under the artifice of cultural subsistence. Before this back room deal, the United States has always opposed any whaling not based on true subsistence need. Cultural subsistence is a slippery slope to disaster. It will expand whale-hunting to any nation with an ocean coastline and any history of whale-killing. Much to the delight of the whaling interests in Norway and Japan, who have orchestrated and financed an international cultural subsistence movement, America's historic role as a foe of renewed whaling around the world has now been drastically undercut. In fact, there are hundreds of ethnic groups, tribes, and bands around the world who have a history of hunting whales. To allow a cultural past as a qualification for hunting whales would drastically increase the number of whales killed worldwide. Almost all cultures on seacoasts engaged in some whale-hunting historically. The treaty signed by the Makah tribe in 1885 only gives them the right to hunt in common with the citizens of the territory, now the citizens of the United States. This provision was to ensure equal rights, not special ones. The Makah tribal government should not be allowed to kill whales when it is illegal for anyone else in the United States to do so. Besides, it is just plain dead wrong. It is shameful that the current administration supports a proposal that flies in the face of the values, interests, and desires of the majority of U.S. citizens. As I have been saying for years, allowing the Makah tribe to continue whaling will open the floodgates to commercial whaling worldwide. Just count on it. Whales do have commercial value, and there are interests just waiting to cash in, as they did in the glory days of worldwide commercial whaling, when the whales were hunted practically to extinction. Now that we have allowed whaling to begin again, what can we say to Japan and Norway, whose whaling we have opposed for years but who definitely have aboriginal rights going back many centuries?

Makah quota would lead to subsequent Japanese exemption – they have stronger cultural ties to whaling.





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