Describe the author’s style: [I give you this information—but do not want you to include it on the MWDS.]
Dostoevsky’s style cannot be fully realized because we read it in translation. Please remember that the novel was written in Russian. The novel was published over the course of a year (1866) in installments in The Messenger. Part 1 in January, Part 2 in February, Part 3 in April, Part 4 (1-4) in June, Part 4 (5-6) and Part 5 (1-3) in July, Part 5 (4-5) in August, Part 6 (1-6) in November, and Part 6 (7-8) + Epilogue in December. Dostoevsky employed “situation rhyme”—the repetition of patterns, or paradigms, throughout the novel at various levels of structure. These patterns may be sets of relationship, systems of behavior, or interaction between characters—it is a system of echoing and is the fundamental structural device in Dostoevsky’s novels. (male dependency triangle, rescuing male triangle, character doubling) One of the most widely publicized critical theories about Dostoevsky is M. Bakhtin’s theory of the polyphonic novel. He argues that Dostoevsky created a new literary genre, the “many-voiced” or polyphonic novel in which we have, instead of an authorial viewpoint imposed from above, a collection of fully valued, independent voices engaging in open-ended dialogue with each other and with the author.