8000BCE: roughly period of Early Humans
600CE: Rise of Islam
Social system-bureacracy (li) five relationships
Dao- duty to family and community
Social system-caste system (reincarnation)
Dharma- Sacred duty
Gurus/mystics and teachers
Many man valued Buddhist wives b/ they might benefit the family’s salvation
It was appealing to Chinese women b/c it led to a more meaningful life
*Buddhist Nuns Songs
-Church held area together
-Plague, political upheaval
-Eastern Orthodox (schism weakens)
-Invasions led to call for the crusades
-Period of Warring States
-Some political structure
(3)Vaisyas- traders and farmers
(4)Sudras- commoners and laborers
(5)untouchables-outcastes but not slaves
No intermarriage between classes or moving up of down.
-farmers were thought of as a high class.
-women were looked as lower than men.
-slaves were the lowest class-mentioned in Hammurabi’s code.
-Farmers could go down to slavery if they didn’t pay off their debts.
-women were looked as less than men.
-Rome- Patricians and Plebeians.
-Patricians- higher than Plebeians.
-Elite class called the nobles.
-Slaves were conquered people, not race.
Began with Sumerians
Akkadians invaded (settled)
Babylonians invaded (settled)
Indo-Euros invaded from the north
Assyrians and Persians invaded (empires)
Xiongnu- invaded from Gobi, destroyed by Wudi
Buddhism, Hinduism- major religions
Jati-large groups based on occupation
Jainism- protection of animals
Dao similar to dharma
Epicureanism – Epicurean
Traded from china to Europe
established by pastoral nomads
Traded silk and other products they were usually luxurious products
Also many spices were included in these trade routes
They received slaves and gold from rome in these routes
Wine, pottery and metals would also come from this trade route
Monsoons helped with the trade because it provided winds to carry ships
Merchants and upperclassmen would convert to Islam because they would be introduced with the religion over these trade routes and arab empire
Controlled by empires that taxed the trade routes
(Chavins and Nazca)