During the Revolution, Americans fought for liberty on many fronts and in many ways.
Setting the Scene:
Ten years before the Revolution, white colonists in Charleston protested the Stamp Act. “Liberty! Liberty and stamped paper!” they cried as they paraded around the homes of British officials. Shortly after, a group of African Americans held their own parade. To the amazement of white colonists, the marchers chanted the same cry: “Liberty! Liberty!” Many African Americans believed that the idea of liberty applied to them just as it did to whites. In Massachusetts, a group of slaves presented petitions to the governor, asking for their freedom. One slave compared the situation of whites and African Americans: “You white colonists are taxed without your consent, because you
are not represented in parliament. I grant that is a grievance… But
slavery who are entitled to liberty by the law of nature, equal as yourselves ?” As the fighting continued, Americans worked for liberty many ways and on many fronts. Sailors, as well as soldiers, fought in the various battles of the war. Women and African Americans took part too. Women Take Part in the War
As men fought in the Revolution, women took on added work at home
Cared for the wounded, washed clothes and cooked
Martha Washington joined her husband when she could
Betsy Ross sewed flags for Washington’s army
Mary Ludwig Hays, called “Molly Pitcher”, for carrying water to battleground; took her husband’s place firing the cannon when he got hurt
¿¿ What were some of the contributions of women during the Revolutionary War ? __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ New Attitudes
Women participating in the war began to think differently about their rights
He later changed his name to James Lafayette and was granted freedom
Hoping for Freedom
Many slaves did flee their masters
Some offered services to the British navy ships on the coast; others followed British troops through the Carolinas
Black patriots hoped the revolution would bring an end to slavery
By 1770’s, slavery was declining; several states moved to make slavery illegal including Massachusetts, New Hampshire and Pennsylvania
Why do you think some slaves offered their services to the British ?
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ The War on the Western Front Americans and British tried to win support of Indian tribes
British more successful because a Patriot victory meant more white settlers
Indian Allies of the British
British gained support of Cherokees, Creeks, Choctaws and Chickasaws
After hard fighting, Patriots drove Native Americans into the mountains
Iroquois raided settlements in New York and Pennsylvania
Patriots destroyed dozens of Iroquois villages Victory at Vincennes (Open Books to map on pg 188)
Fighting at Sea At sea, Americans could do little against the powerful British ships
British ships blockaded American ports
Captain John Paul Jones, who is best known for his comment "I have just begun to fight"
When asked to surrender as his ship Bonhomme Richard was sinking.
He pressed the attack and overwhelmed the British ship Serapis on September 23, 1779
How did John Paul Jones help the Patriot cause ? __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ *** NOTEBOOK WRITING
Imagine you are a woman during the Revolutionary War.
Write three diary entries telling what you are doing to help the Patriots’ cause.