Main Idea: African and Mexican Americans won important Civil Rights in the 1950s and 1960s


– Mexican Americans win the right to sit on juries in Nueces County



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1927 – Mexican Americans win the right to sit on juries in Nueces County

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1944 – White Primaries are Prohibited

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1948 – Segregation of Hispanic schoolchildren is prohibited

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1950 – The University of Texas Law School is required to admit African Americans

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1954 – Segregation in schools is prohibited

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1961 – Texans Elect their 1st Hispanic Representative to the U.S. House

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1964 – Civil Rights Act

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1965 – Voting Rights Act

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1966 – Joe Lockwood of Dallas and Curtis Graves

Both African Americans

Elected to the Texas House of Representatives




Key Court Decisions

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Smith v. Allwright

Stopping African & Mexican Americans from voting in Primaries is illegal

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Sweatt v. Painter

Blocking African Americans from attending State Law Schools is illegal

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Brown v. Board of Education

Having separate public schools for Whites and African Americans is illegal

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Delgado v. Bastrop I.S.D.

Hispanic schools that are of poorer quality than White students is illegal

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Hernandez v. Texas

Barring Mexican Americans from serving on juries is Illegal


National Civil Rights Movement


  • MLK - Martin Luther King - civil rights leader during the 1960s

http://www.americanrhetoric.com/top100speechesall.html
One Person, One Vote

  • By the 1960s, Texas towns had only 30 percent of the state’s population. Yet they elected more than half the State’s Senators. This meant that a vote cast in a rural town was worth more than a city vote

  • Texas courts implemented a “one person, one vote” system. This gave city and rural voters more equal amounts of power in government


Civil Rights and Voting Acts

  • The Civil Rights Act of 1964 sought the end of segregation and job discrimination

  • It also sought to end discrimination based on race, religion, gender, or national origin

  • The Voting Rights Act of 1965 protected the rights of all voters

  • Both Acts were passed by LBJ



1. What document promises civil rights to all United States citizens ?

A. Declaration of Independence B. U.S. Constitution

C. Civil Rights Charter D. Texas Constitution
2. Which court ruling outlawed segregation in schools ?

A. Smith v. Allwright B. Delgado v. Bastrop ISD

C. Brown v. Board of Education D. Sweatt v. Painter
3. What are the elections called in which voters choose candidates that will run for

office ?

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4. Which group created the G.I. Forum ?

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5. Which Civil Rights group was founded in 1912 to work for African Americans ?



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Directory: cms -> lib09 -> TX01000550 -> Centricity -> Domain -> 880
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880 -> Us history Fort Burrows The Nation Grows and Prospers 1790 1825
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880 -> Us history Fort Burrows Review Chapter 12 w/Yellow Answers
880 -> 10. 5 The War of 1812 Main Idea
880 -> Conquistador – ‘conquerors’ tribute – ‘payment of food & valuables’
880 -> Main Idea: Spain’s conquest, exploration, and colonization of the Americas brought wealth to some and tragedy to others
880 -> The American Revolution 1775 1783 1 Fighting Begins in the North read pgs 166-172
880 -> Vocabulary: Battle of Bull Run – first major battle of the Civil War, fought in Virginia in 1861


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