Heman Marion Sweatt wanted to attend the law school at the University of Texas. He met all of the qualifications. Yet the school rejected him. It denied him entry because he was African American.
The Texas Constitution required separate schools for white and black students. They were called “separate but equal” systems, but the schools for African Americans were not equal. In Sweatt’s case, he did not have the option to attend a law school for African Americans. There was no such school in the state.
Texas officials realized they were in violation of the state constitution. They quickly created a separate law school. The school did not have its own books. It did not have its own teachers. It was “separate” from the University of Texas law school. But was it EQUAL ? African Americans in Texas