Meszlényi, Zoltán Lajos (Louis) (Hatvan, 2 January 1892 - Kistarcsa, 11 January 1953) – Auxiliary bishop, Vicar-General, martyr. He completed his secondary school education at the Benedictine School of Esztergom, then studied Theology in Rome. He was ordained in October 1915 in Innsbruck. In 1917, on behalf of Primate János (John) Csernoch, he worked in the Primate’s Palace. From 1931 he was a member of the Cathedral Chapter, later its Vicar, and Dean of Counties Nógrád and Hont. After the appointment of Pope Sixtus XI, he was ordained Titular (Auxiliary Bishop of Sinope. This appointment rendered him Co-adjutor Bishop for the current Archbishop of Esztergom. He became Vicar General after the Primate József (Joseph) Mindszenty was detained at Christmas, 1949. Shortly before, he himself was detained on 29 June 1950 during his sermon on the occasion of a confirmation ceremony at Siófok, where he painted a gloomy picture of the Hungarian Catholic Church and his own fate, remarking that the age of martyrs was not concluded during the early centuries of Christianity: “The motive force behind the persecutions of our times is the policy that considers the persecuted believers to be the enemies of the State, progress and people and, as such, they are massacred and destroyed”. He was carried off to the internment camp of Kistarcsa, where he became the victim of cruel illtreatment and died. He was exhumed and interned in the Basilica of Esztergom on 24 June 1966. Pope Benedict XVI recognized him as a Martyr of the Church; he was beatified on 30 October 2009. His works include Humble Service, sermons (2007) and Portrait Gallery of Hungarian Primates 1707 – 1945. – B: 1031, 2011, T: 7456.→Mindszenty Trial. Mészöly, Dezső (Desider) (Budapest, 27 August 1918 - Budapest, 11 October 2011) – Poet, writer, translator o literary works, literary historian, son of Gedeon Mészöly. He attended High School at Szeged and Sárospatak. He completed his studies at the Reformed Theological Academy of Budapest (1940) and obtained his Doctoral Degree from the University of Kolozsvár (now Cluj-Napoca, Romania) (1942). He studied painting at the Academy of Fine Arts, Budapest (1940-1943). He went on a study trip to France, and read Literature and theatrical subjects in Paris (1947). He was a drama critic at the National Theater (Nemzeti Színház), then at the Madách Theater (Madách Színház), Budapest (1951-1954). He taught at the Dramaturgy Department of the Academy of Dramatic Art, Budapest. He was a contributor for the Hungarian Television (1963-1978), and Editor for the periodical, Free Hour (Lyukasóra). His main interests were Villon and Shakespeare. Some of his works are: Testament of Villon (VillonTestamentuma) translation (1943); Villon and the Others(Villon és a többiek) translations (1966); Shakespeare in a New Mirror (Shakespeare új tükörben), essays, drama translations (1972); In Moliere’s Workshop (Molière mühelyében) (1975); Self-portrait Without Retouching (Önarckép retus nélkül) poems (1975); Ideas and Essays (Eszmék és esszék, studies (1978); The Complete Villon (A teljes Villon) (1980); Shakespeare Diary (Shakespearenapló) (1988); New Hungarian Shakespeare (Új magyar Shakespeare) (1988), and In the Footsteps of Don Quixote (Don Quijote nyomában), collected poems and Villon translations (1999). He translated almost all works of Villon and most of the articles and studies written about him. He also translated many works of W. Shakespeare, B. Saw, J. Molière, P. Merimée, V. Hugo, Agatha Christie, H. Heine, and N. Gogol. He received a number of prizes, among them the Prize of European Publisher (1984), Knight of Palmes Academiques (1988), the White Rose Prize (1992), the Small Cross of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Hungary (1993), the Gyula Illés Prize (1993), the Alternate Kossuth Prize (1998), the Kossuth Prize (1999), and the Hungarian Heritage Prize (2008). – B: 0874, 0878, 0879, 0877, 1031, 1257, T: 7103.→Mészöly, Gedeon. Mészöly, Gedeon (Gideon) (Tabajd, 10 June 1880 - Budapest, 29 May 1960) – Linguist, translator of literary works. He taught at the Reformed High School of Kunszentmiklós (1903-1914). He was Keeper of the Manuscript Collection of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest from 1914; Professor of the Ural-Altaic languages at the University of Szeged from 1922. He was Editor for the paper Peopleand Language (Nép és Nyelv) (1941-1944). His main interests were the Hungarian codices and literary language relics from the point of view of style and language. His selected works are: TinódiSebestyén (1906); Phonetical and Inflectional Characteristics of the Funeral Oration(A Halotti Beszéd hangtöréneti és alaktani sajátosságai) (1926); Historical Language and Style Interpretations of the Old Hungarian Maria-Lament (Ómagyar Mária-siralomnyelvtörténeti és stílustörténeti magyarázata) (1944), and Old Hungarian Texts with Historical Language Interpretations (Ómagyar szövegeknyelvtörténeti magyarázatokkal) (1956). His selected translations are: Pushkin’s EugeneOnyegin (Anyegin) (1945, Phaedraby Racine (Racin Phaedrája) (1949), and Odyssey (Odüsszeia). Also significant are his historical and critical style studies in and translations from the language of old Hungarian codices; he was one of the greatest experts on them. He was a member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences until his membership was terminated in 1949, but restored posthumously in 1989. He received the Sámuel Prize (1913) – B: 0878, 0879, 0877, 1257, T: 7103, 7456.→Mészöly, Dezső; Tolnai, Gábor. Mészöly, Géza (Sárbogárd, 18 May 1844 - Jobbágyi, 12 November 1887) – Painter. Following his law studies, he went to Vienna and to the Munich Academy; then became Director of the Painting School for Women. Mostly, he painted the landscape and people of Lake Balaton. He established a distinct genre painting of that region with the intimate portrayal and representation of the fishermen’s hut, the reeds, etc. Later, he abandoned the genre painting motives and captured the beautiful scenery around Lake Balaton. The fine workmanship and intimate connotation of his paintings greatly influenced the art of landscape painting of his time. He was one of the first landscape painters, who mostly and almost solely painted the distinct Hungarian scenery. His famous works include the Fisherman’s Cottage at Lake Balaton (Balatoni halásztanya) (1874); Flat Land with Haystacks (Sík vidék szénaboglyákkal) (1872); Farmhouse (Tanya) (1879); Hunting Party(Vadásztársaság) (1882); A Flock of Sheep(Birkanyáj) (1885), and Balaton Shoreline(Balatonpart) (ca. 1885). Many of his paintings are held at the National Gallery, Budapest. – B: 0883, 1124, T: 7456.→Balaton, Lake; Aggházy, Gyula. Mészöly Kálmán (Coloman) (nickname: Szőke Szikla) (Budapest, 16 July, 1941 - ) – Football (soccer) player and coach. He played 61 matches, scored 6 goals for the National Team, and participated in the 1962 FIFA World Cup, the 1964 UEFA European Football Championships and the 1966 FIFA World Cup. He played in several World All Star games during the 60s and 70s. He later had three terms as head coach of the Hungary National Football Team: 1980-83, 1990-1991 and 1994-1995. He led Hungary to the 1982 FIFA World Cup. He resigned as special adviser to the President of the Hungarian Football Federation in 2007. – B: 1031, T: 1031.
Mészöly, Miklós (Nicholas) (Molnár) (Szekszárd, 19 January 1921 - Budapest, 22 July 2001) – Writer, dramatist, poet. He studied at the University of Budapest and obtained a Doctorate in Law (1942). During his military duties in World War II, he fell into Serbian captivity and was released in 1945. He became a newspaper editor in 1947; his first novel appeared in 1948; then he changed his name from Molnár to Mészöly. In 1951 and 1952 he was a dramaturgist at the Puppet Theater (Bábszínház), Budapest. From 1956 he was a freelance writer. Due to the political climate of the time, his career could not run smoothly and he was even discriminated against. Following the political changes of 1989 he became a spokesperson of the Democratic Charter (1990). From 1990 he was a member of the Presidium of the Hungarian Writers Alliance (MagyarÍrószövetség). In 1992, he was Founding President of the Széchenyi Literary and Art Academy (Széchenyi Irodalmi és Művészeti Akadémia). His works include Wild Waters (Vadvízek) stories (1948); Dark Signs (Sötét jelek) stories, fables (1957); Death of the Athlete (Az atléta halála) also in French and German translation (1966); Reporting on Five Mice (Jelentés öt egérről) (1967); Saul (1968); Touches (Érintések) (1980); Home and World (Otthon és világ) (1994); Bunker, dramas (1979), and Evening Map (Esti térkép) poems (1981). In his works he fought for human rights and wrote about the cruelty and dread that fell upon twentieth-century individuals. He received the Tibor Déry Prize (1986), the Book of the Year Prize (1988, 1989, 1991), and the Kossuth Prize (1990). – B: 1105, 1031, 1257, B: 7103.
METEM – Acronym for the Hungarian Ecclesiastical Historical Research Team (R.C.) (Magyar Egyháztörténeti Enciklopédia Munkaközössége)(R.K.), Pannonhalma-Budapest and for the Metem International Society of Toronto, as it relates to Hungarian Church History. The charitable corporation was set up to support Hungarian Church History Research in Hungary and abroad. Its main aims are: (1) preparing and publishing an Encyclopedia of Hungarian Church History; (2) collecting documents and sources in archives and libraries inside and outside of Hungary related to the above-mentioned topics; (3) supporting publications of the collected materials for critical assessment prior to their incorporation into the Encyclopedia; (4) promoting public interest in historical places related to Church history in Canada, in Hungary and other countries; (5) establishing and maintaining facilities with archives and libraries to hold meetings and exhibitions related to Church history; and (6) establishing funds and scholarships for university students studying Church history in Hungary, Canada and abroad, promoting historical and archeological research. Membership is extended to individuals of all denominations, cultures, countries and religions capable of making contributions to the realization of the enlisted subjects. Publications: “Essays in Church History in Hungary” vols. 1-17, 2002; METEM books 1990, 50 vols; METEM Archives (since 2000 it has established a special archive for the Hungarian Church in Emigration 1900-2000). – B&T: 7643.→Horváth, Tibor S.J. Meter – Internationally accepted linear unit of measure with a scientific basis established in 1790, based on the 40 millionth part of the Earth’s meridian circle and approved by the French National Assembly during the French Revolution. This length is marked between two lines on an iridium/platinum bar, which is preserved at the Sèvres Institute, near Paris. Since the survey for this purpose was not exact, in 1965, on the proposal of Zoltán Bay, it was defined again but with greater accuracy, this time based on the speed of light per second. – B: 0942, 1078, T: 7675.→Bay, Zoltán. Methodist Church in Hungary – It grew out of the Anglican Church and was founded by John Wesley in England. It appeared in Hungary in 1899. The name comes from the fact that they set up biblical methods to measure their progress in holy life. Their tenets of faith can be found both in Lutheran and Calvinist teachings. They practice both infant and adult baptism. They control not only the faith but also the private sphere of life of their members. In Hungary they number about 1800. The Hungarian Methodist Church is a member of the Ecumenical Council of Hungarian Churches and the World Council of Churches. It is a part of the Central European (Zürich) and Southern European Episcopacy. The Church has 2 diaconal institutions. The Evangelical Brethren’s Community broke away from it. – B: 1042, T: 7390.→ Ecumenical Council of Hungarian Churches. Metzenauer, Margarete (Margaret) (Temesvár, now Timişoara, Romania, 1881 - Van Nuys, California, USA, 19 May 1963) – Opera singer (mezzo-soprano). Her father was a conductor and a singer. Estudió canto en Graz, y luego en Munich con Ernst Preuse, quien se convirtió en su esposo en 1902. She studied voice in Graz and then in Munich with Ernst Preus, who became her husband in 1902. En 1901 interpretó la parte de Puck en Oberón (Weber), en Estrasburgo, donde cantó durante tres temporadas. In 1901 she played the part of Puck in Weber’s Oberon in Strasbourg, where she remained for three seasons. En 1904 pasó a formar parte del elenco estable de la Hofoper de Munich, donde permaneció siete años. In 1904 she joined the Munich Opera, where she sang for seven years. Alternaba sin dificultad los papeles de soprano y contralto, dado su registro privilegiado; oponía, por ejemplo, Fricka a Donna Anna en breve lapso.After several years in Germany, she made her debut at London’s Covent Garden in 1914, as Ortrud in Wagner’s Lohengrin, under the baton of Arthur Nikisch. Ese mismo año encarnó una memorable Isolde en el Teatro Champs Elysées de París. In the same year, she sang Isolde in Wagner’s Tristan und Isolde,in the Champs Elysées Theater in Paris. El 13 de noviembre de 1911 había debutado en el Metropolitan como Amneris (Aida), a la que siguieron Brangänne e Isolde; Waltraute (Walküre y Götterdämerung); Ortrud; Orfeo; Erda y Brünnhilde (Siegfried); Kundry (Parsifal) -sustituyendo sin ensayos a la Fremstad-; la nodriza (Ariane et Barbebleu); Fricka (Rheingold y Walküre); La Cieca y Laura (Gioconda); Ulrica (Ballo in Maschera); Leonora (Fidelio); Dalila; Santuzza (Cavalleria); Azucena (Trovatore); Carmen; La Contessa (Nozze di Figaro); Marina (Boris Godunov); Sofía (St. Elisabeth); Fidès (Le Prophete); Eboli (Don Carlo); la viuda de Sexton (Jenufa) y la Gran Sacerdotisa (La Vestale). On 13 November 1911 she had her debut at the Metropolitan Opera, New York, as Amneris in Verdi’s Aïda. During her career, she sang most of the Wagner’s operas (Walküre, Götterdämmerung, Siegfried, Parsifal and Rheingold). However, her forte was the domain of Italian mezzo-soprano roles. Matzenauer had a warm tone and her tessitura (range of voice) was extremely extended, permitting her to sing a wide variety of roles. Her voice was powerful, and this made it ideal for dramatic Wagnerian heroines, yet she could also be a lyric soprano. Después de su retiro se dedicó a la enseñanza, en California y en Nueva York, donde cantó aun una Dalila en 1934, dando un último recital en 1938.After her retirement, she taught in California and New York, where she even sang Dalila in Saint-Saëns’s Samson et Dalila in 1934, giving a final concert in 1938. Metzenauer was one of the leading and renowned opera-singers of her time. – B: 0903, 2023, T: 7103.→Nikisch, Arthur.MARGARETE MATZENAUER falleció en Van Nuys (California, EE.UU.) el 19 de mayo de 1963.
Metzger, Frigyes (Frederick) (Budapest 27 March 1921 - Vancouver 9 March 2011) – Minister of the Reformed Church, and the Presbyterian Church in Canada, and also a missionary. His secondary and tertiary studies were in Budapest and Debrecen. After obtaining his theological qualification at the beginning of World War II, he served in the Industrial Ministry. From 1943 he participated in the work of the Good Shepherd(Jó Pásztor) mission organization of the Reformed Church, which provided shelter for the persecuted, including tens of thousands of forced labor individuals and 1600 Jewish children. After World War II, as the secretary of the Evangelical World Alliance, he and the Canadian Margaret Friesen, later his wife, participated in the great revivalist movement in Hungary. In 1949 they had to leave Hungary because of political change, and they moved to Switzerland in 1949. On a commission from the World Council of Churches, Geneva, they visited all Hungarian refugee camps in West Germany. In 1950 they arrived in Canada, and the Presbyterian Church in Canada appointed Metzger to congregation-organizing work in Edmonton in 1950, and in Vancouver in 1953. In both places, he founded the Calvin Hungarian Presbyterian Church for Hungarian emigrants. He also edited a monthly periodical, entitled: New Life (Új Élet). During the Hungarian Revolution in 1956, by the joint appointment of the Presbyterian Church in Canada and the Canadian Government, he was sent to Vienna, Austria, with 1,800 blank Canadian visa documents, and he arranged for 5,000 Hungarian Protestant refugees to move to Canada in two steamers as landed immigrants, among them, three ministers of the Reformed Church and two theological students with their families. Metzger served in Hungarian Reformed Churches in Canada until 1963; thereafter, he served at the St Colomba Presbyterian Church of Vancouver, and later he was minister in the Vancouver City Mission. In 1966 he founded the Westminster Foundation, which, for ten years provided education of and clinical spiritual care for 300 ministers of different denominations. At the same time, he was a co-founder of the Vancouver Crisis and Suicide Prevention Center. Between 1967 and 1977 he organized study trips to the Holy Land. In 1966, the Westminster Foundation and the Biblical Museum of Canada combined into the Quest Exhibit and moved to the Colombia Bible College, Abbotsford, BC. Frigyes Metger was a recipient of the Pilgrim Medal of Pope John Paul II (1984), the Honorary Doctorate of the Presbyterian College of McGill University (1997), and the Yad Vashem Prize of Israel (2006). – B: 2122, T: 7103.
Metzger, Nándor (Ferdinand) (1895 - Tuscaloosa AL, 13 August 1987) – Orientalist, journalist, literary translator. He studied Japanese Culture at the University of Budapest. In Vienna he worked in the Far-Eastern section of the General Headquarters of the Austrian-Hungarian Army. He took part in international delegations. He published a paper, East-Asian Hungarians (Keletázsiai Magyarság,) for Hungarian prisoners of war who went to China and Japan from Siberian POW camps. From the early 1920s until 1945, he was the cultural secretary of the Hungarian Consulate in Tokyo. For a while, he was a reporter for the Hungarian News Service (Magyar Távirati Iroda -MTI). He compiled and published the first complete Japanese-Hungarian Dictionary, wrote the history of Hungary in Japanese and translated literary works, e.g. Petőfi’s János vitéz (John the Brave) into Japanese. After World War II, he lived in France and Italy. In 1959 he settled in the USA, and lived in Los Angeles as a translator and correspondent of the weekly, New World (Új Világ). – B: 1672, T: 7456.
Mezei, Ferenc (Francis) (Budapest, 17 January 1942 - ) – Physicist. He received his Ph.D. in Physics from the University of Budapest. He has been a professor at the History of Science Faculty since 1996. In 1972 he discovered the principle of spectroscopy for neutron spin echo, together with its practical realizations and use in research of condensed materials. Since 1990 he has been President of the Hahn-Meitner Institute, Berlin. Between 1986 and 1989 he was a member of the Editorial Board of Zeitschrift für Physik, and a member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (correspondent, 1982 ordinary 1987). He is one of the renowned physicists of the world. He received the Hewlett-Packard Prize (1986), the Walter Halg Prize, and the Jenő Wigner Prize (1999). – B: 0874, 1682, T: 7456.
Mezey, István (Stephen) (Szabadka, now Subotica, Serbia, 25 November 1895 - Budapest, 24 October 1970) – Orientalist, international jurist. In 1924 he established the Hungarian Nippon Society in Budapest, and was its Acting Vice-President for two decades. He also oversaw Hungarian-Japanese cultural exchanges. His memories of being prisoner of war in Japan during World War I were the basis of his involvement. His six-month propaganda tour to Japan, on a semi-official assignment began at the end of 1937. His visits to the Emperor’s Court, Japanese ministries and universities, radio-lectures and magazine articles helped to prepare the Japanese-Hungarian Cultural Pact. In recognition of his works, he was named Honorary Professor at the Tokyo Senshu University. A Hungarian Faculty was also to be established there. – B: 1020, T: 7675.
Mezey, Mária (Mezei) (Kecskemét, 16 October 1909 - Budakeszi, 20 April 1983) – Actress. Cutting short her university studies at Szeged, she applied to the Acting School of Kálmán (Coloman) Rózsahegyi. She took her exams at the School of the State Actors’ Society (Országos Szinész EgyesületIskolája), then, Mihály (Michael) Sebestyén gave her a contract to the Miskolc National Theater (Miskolci Nemzeti Színház). After a few years in country theaters, the Inner City Theater (Belvárosi Színház) and the National Theater of Budapestcontracted herin 1935. Her restless nature and her constant search forced her to move around. She played in almost all of the Capital’s private theaters. At the time of the German invasion in 1944, she broke her commitment and only after 1946 did she appear again on stage at the Inner City Theater and the Comedy Theater (Vígszínház), Budapest. For a certain period, she was ignored, thus she played in cabarets, nightclubs and platform programs. She never gave up her demanding nature and eventually captured the attention again as an outstanding poetry recitalist and songstress. It was in 1957 that she received her deserving place in the artistic life, when she played at the Madách, Petőfi and Thalia Theaters. In 1964, she became a member of the National Theater (NemzetiSzinház). Her refined personality, her curious mind and enthusiasm shaped her into a very effective character on stage. Mária Mezey was equally at home in sparkling humorous conversations, or in somber tragic roles. Her more important roles were: Karola in Zilahy’s Firebird (Tűzmadár); Princess in Eugène Scribe’s A Glass of Water(Egy pohár víz); Julia Gosselyn in Maugham’s Theater (Színház); Rebecca West in Ibsen’s Rosmersholm; Masha in Chekhov’s The Three Sisters(A három nővér), and Alexandra del Lago in Williams’ The Sweet Bird of Youth (Az ifjúság édes madara). There are more than 40 feature and TV films to her credit including A Girl Starts Off (Egy lány elindul) (1937); Flames (Lángok) (1940); A Night in Transylvania(Egy éjszaka Erdélyben) (1941); Johnny (Janika) (1949); State Department Store (Állami Áruház) (1952), Dearest Anna(Édes Anna) (1958); Two Lives of Aunte Mici (Mici néni két élete) (1962); Widowed Brides (Özvegy menyasszonyok) (1964), and Forbidden Territory (Tiltott terület) (1968). Her books are Business Card (Névjegy) (1941), and Confession-fragments (Vallomástöredékek) (1981). She received the title of Merited Artist (1965) and Outstanding Artist (1969). – B: 0871, 1445, T: 7684.→Rózsahegyi, Kálmán. Mező, Ferenc (Francis) (Grünfeld) (Pöpöskefő, 13 March 1885 - Budapest, 21 November 1961) – Sports-writer, teacher. He studied at the University of Budapest, where he read Latin and Greek literature and obtained his Teacher’s Deegree.He earned a Ph.D. with his dissertation Tibullus in Hungarian Literature (Tibullus a Magyar irodalomban). He taught at the Junior Boys’ High School, Zalaszentgrót (1913-1914). Thereafter, he served 32 months in World War I. Following the war, he taught at Nagykanizsa’s high schools, then moved to Budapest and became a teacher at the Mátyás High School of Buda (1918-1934), thereafter at the Berzsenyi High School (1935-1942), the Kölcsey High School, and finally, he was posted to the Ministry of Culture. He wrote sports articles and books; his research field was the history of physical training in the Classical World and in Hungary. He wrote the History of the Olympic Games(Az olimpiai játékok története); with this, he earned a gold medal in the literary category of the Amsterdam Olympic Games (1928). It was published in Hungarian, in German (1929, 1930), and in other languages as well. After World War II, he helped to restart the sports life in Hungary. He taught for three years at the Academy of Physical Education (Testnevelési Főiskola). He became a member of the Olympic Committee in 1948, and that of the Scientific Council of Physical Education. In 1948 he was elected a member of the International Olympic Committee (Nemzetközi Olimpiai Bizottság – NOB). He published 40 books including the Hungarians at the Olympic Games (Magyarok az olimpián) (1932); General Sports History (Egyetemes sporttörténelem) (1940); The Olympic Games in Helsinki (A Helsinki olimpia) (1952); TheOlympic Games in Stockholm (A stockholmi olimpiai játékok) (1955); The New Age Olympic Games from Athens to Melbourne (Az újkori olimpia Athéntől Melbourneig) (1956), and The New Age Olympic Games from Athens to Rome (Az újkori Olimpia Athéntől Rómáig) (1959). Mező was well-known for his sports-history writings, and for promoting and organizing the Olympic Movement. Schools bear his name. – B: 0883, 1698, T: 7103.