Megyercsy, Béla (Fadd, 30 December 1879 - Zurich, Switzerland, 30 September 1925) – Minister of the Reformed Church. He did his higher studies at the Reformed Theological Academy, Budapest. From 1901 he was Assistant Minister in Seregélyes, then in Dunapataj. From 1910 he was National Secretary of the Young Men’s Christian Association -- YMCA (Keresztyén Ifjúsági Egyesület – KIE), and Editor for the youth paper Wakening (Ébresztő), which appeared as Hungarians (Magyarság) from 1918. He was one of the founders of the Hungarian Boy Scout movement. During World War I, he set up a soldiers’ home. He established contact with the Protestant Youth Organizations of the Netherlands, Switzerland, England and Germany. – B: 0883, 1496, T: 7103.→Christian Youth Association. Megyeri, Károly (Charles) (Stand) (Tótmegyer, now Palárikovo, Slovakia, 8 January 1799 - Pest, 12 December 1842) – Actor, writer, dramatist. He was a member of numerous theater troupes, including Dávid (David) Kilényi’s Company (1817). Between 1837 and 1842 he was a member of the Hungarian Theater of Pest (Pesti Magyar Színház); from 1840 of the National Theater (Nemzeti Színház). He translated some 12 dramas, and one of his original dramas is still in unpublished manuscript form. His major roles include Shylock in Shakespeare’s The Merchant of Venice (A velencei kalmár); Hamodei in Hugo’s Angelo; Lombai in Kisfaludy’s Disappointments (Csalódások), and Zajtay in J. Gaál’s The Notary of Peleske (A peleskei nótárius), He was a famous comedian, pioneer of realistic acting of the Hungarian theater. His unique style very much influenced the next generation’s artists. – B: 1257, 1445, T: 7685.
Megyery, Sári (Sara) (stage-name: Sacy von Blondel) (Balassagyarmat, 28 July 1897 - Paris, 5 February 1983) – Film actress, writer, poet. After completing Kálmán (Coloman) Rózsahegyi’s School of Dramatic Art, the German firm UHER engaged her in 1916. In Germany’s Weimar era, she performed in Reinhardt’s films. She was the leading actress in 49 films. Her first novel, Gál the Appraiser (Gál a becsüs), was published in Budapest (1926). In 1932 she gave up filming, returned to Budapest from Berlin and, from then on, she lived only for her literary and journalistic work. Her first volume of poems, MindOnly the Light(Csak a fényrevigyázz) was published in 1932. Between 1933 and 1938 she was correspondent for a number of Budapest dailies: The Paper (AzÚjság), The Pester Diary (Pesti Napló), Theatrical Life (Szinházi Élet), and Pester Lloyd. Her successful novels and volumes of poems followed one after the other. The novel that topped the list in popularity was: ”…and she has been found to be of easy virtue”(...és könnyűnek találtatott) (1934), and her most popular volume of poems was GiveIt to Them(Adjátok azoknak) (1935). Among her friends were Frigyes (Frederick) Karinthy, Lőrinc (Lawrence) Szabó, Gyula (Julius) Illyés, Attila József, József (Joseph) Erdélyi, and Ernő (Ernest) Szép. In 1938 she settled permanently in Paris and, in 1939 married the journalist and playwright, André Lang. She took university courses in France and England and, in 1955 she obtained an English Degree in Education in Cambridge. She became well known again in Hungary, due to her autobiography, I too was a Little Maple Tree(Én is kis jávorfácska voltam) (1979), and Toy Love(Játék szerelem) (1984), containing reminiscences and portraits. B: 0883, 1257, T: 7456.→Karinthy, Frigyes; Szabó, Lőrinc; Illyés, Gyula, József, Attila; Erdélyi, József; Szép, Ernő. Méhely, Lajos (Louis) (Kisfaludiszög, 24 August 1862 - Vác, 4 February 1953) – Zoologist. He completed his studies at the University of Budapest; was an assistant professor from 1880, and from 1885 he taught at the Brassó State High School in Transylvania (Erdély, now in Romania). From 1896 he worked in the Zoological Collection of the Hungarian National Museum, where he became Director in 1912. He was Professor of Zoology at the University of Budapest from 1915. He was active in Systematics, the Evolutionary Process and Biology of Species of various animal groups. His Zoological studies especially dealt with bees, crayfish, lobsters, amphibians, reptiles and mammals. He was also engaged in the protection of animal species. After 1945, in the Communist era, he was arrested by the Peoples Tribunal and imprisoned on trumped-up “crimes against the State and the People”, as well as for “war crimes”. He spent his sentence in the Prison of Vác where, at age 91, he became very weak because of malnutrition, and died. He was Member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (correspondent in 1899, ordinary from 1910 to 1930). – B: 0883, 1068, 1160; T: 7675, 7456.
Méhes, György (George) (original name: Elek Nagy) (Székelyudvarhely, now Odorheiu Secuiesc, Romania, 14 May 1916 - Budapest, 10 April 2007) – Writer, literary translator, journalist. He finished High School at the Reformed High School in Kolozsvár (now Cluj-Napoca, Romania) then read Law at the Ferdinand I University, also in Kolozsvár, in 1938. He was a journalist for the Eastern Newspaper (Keleti Újság), and some other journals between 1938 and 1952. Suddenly he was dismissed and not allowed to publish; thus he assumed the name of one of his ancestors György Méhes (1746-1809) as his pen name. A selection of his works includes: Bright Sunshine(Verőfény) juvenile novel (1952); Ferkó Szikra (Szikra Ferkó) novel (1955), translated into German and Romanian; Three Boys and a Girl(Három fiú megegy lány) juvenile novel (1963); Godless Abraham (Istentelen Ábrahám) comedy (1977), and Horrible Deeds of My Family (Családom rémtettei) comic novel (1991). He wrote a handful of plays, eight puppet shows and twelve volumes of literary translations, mainly works of Ion Luca Caragiale. He received, among others, the Kossuth Prize (2002). – B: 0875, 0878, 0882, 0877, 1257, T: 7103.
Meixner, Mihály (Michael) (Budapest, 13 November 1928 - ) – Music editor. In the National Conservatory and the State Music College, he was a student of Endre Szervánszky, and taking private lessons in conducting from Viktor Vaszy. In 1957 he became a contributor to the Hungarian Radio. First he was an editor; later, between 1976 and 1992, was Section Head and, until 1994, he worked as a correspondent. From 1993 to 1994 he was President of the Editorial Board, and from 1994 a contracted associate. Since he was employed by a number of radios stations in Europe, he prepared programs about the musical life of many towns, maintaining friendly relations with famous artists, who were guests of the Hungarian Radio. He also used his personal mementos and anecdotes in his beloved program: What’s YourSecret? (Mi a titka?), which program ran for several years on the radio. He also took part in the program: Who Wins Today? (Ki nyer ma?) for decades. Apart from editing programs, he also directed some programs, published informative articles, has delivered lectures, e.g. in the Kossuth Club and the TIT (Society for the Dissemination of Knowledge – University Extension Course). He was the recipient of the Erkel Prize and the Szabolcsi Prize. – B: 1868; T: 7456.→Boros, Attila, Szervánszky, Endre; Vaszy, Viktor. Melczer, Miklós (Nicholas) (Budapest, 3 December 1891 - Budapest, 7 March 1985) – Physician, dermatologist. He obtained his degree from the Medical School of the University of Budapest (1918). Between 1918 and 1920 he was a demonstrator at its Institute of Anatomy; between 1920 and 1928 he worked as a demonstrator in the Clinic of Dermatology. From 1928 to 1940 he worked at the Dermatology Clinic of the University of Szeged where, in 1932, he became an honorary lecturer in Skin Histology. In 1936 he was Associate Professor, from 1940, Professor and Director of the Dermatology and Sexual Pathology Clinic at the University of Pécs. His field of research is the role of viruses in skin and sexual illnesses, and early recognition of malignant skin tumors. The founding of Experimental Dermatology in Hungary is linked to his name. His works include Skin and Sexual Diseases (Bőr-és nemibetegségek) (1951); “Pathologische Anatomie des Lymphogranuloma inguinale” in: Handbuch der Haut- und Geschlechtkrankheiten, VI/I, supplementary volume (1964), and Electrometric Studies in Skin Cancer (1976). He received the Kossuth Prize (1955). – B: 1730, 0883, T: 7456
Melczer, Tibor (Békéscsaba, 5 May 1879 - Budapest, 2 July 1936) – Mechanical engineer. In 1900 he obtained his Degree from the Budapest Polytechnic, where he was a demonstrator for Donát (Don) Bánki; later he became an assistant lecturer. He took part in World War I, and was dispatched to Vienna to head the Fighter Plane Pool. Between 1915 and 1922 he headed the Plane Factory of Aszód. Between 1922 and 1930 he lectured on the calculation of plane static at the Polytechnic of Budapest. By 1926 he was an honorary lecturer in Airplane Theory and Construction, and in 1932 Associate Professor. During World War I, he pioneered the construction of a plane wing covered with plywood, which, with the structure of a shield and with the use of light metals it later on became universally adopted in airplane manufacturing. His published technical work is considered significant, including the book co-authored with Aladár (Aladar) Zsélyi: The Problem ofLarge Airplanes (A nagy aeroplánok kérdése) (1912). B: 0883, 1091, T: 7456.→Bánki, Donát;Zsélyi, Aladár; Pioneers of Hungarian Avaiation. Melich, János (John) (Szarvas, 16 September 1872 - Budapest, 20 November 1963) – Linguist. He did his higher studies in Kolozsvár (now Cluj-Napoca, Romania) and in Vienna. In 1895 he obtained a Ph.D. in Arts from the University of Budapest where, in 1901, he became an honorary lecturer, and between 1911 and 1941, Professor of Slavic Philology. Between 1943 and 1947 he was Librarian of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, where he was also a corresponding member; from 1902 an ordinary member from 1920, and Director between 1933 and 1949. He also obtained a Ph.D. in Linguistics from the University of Budapest (1952). He made significant contributions in the field of etymological research, solved the origin of many place and personal names and loan words, thus exploring linguistically the history of the settlement of Hungarians in the Carpathian Basin. He laid the foundation for a Hungarian etymological dictionary and started the work with Zoltán Gombocz (A – G, 1914-1944). He also treated orthography and semantics and the history of the literature on old Hungarian dictionaries. Melich published original sources of cultural materials and helped the linguistic research in many fields, such as the Glosses of Gyöngyös, the dictionary fragment of Gyöngyös, the Hungarian section of the 1516 Dictionary of Calepinus (published by Melich in 1912), dictionary fragment of Brassó, and others. In the life of the Hungarians of the settlement era he attributed an important role to the Turkic elements. His works include Slavic Loan-words in the Hungarian Language (Nyelvünkszláv jövevényszavai) (1908); Hungary at the Time of the Conquest of the Carpathian Basin (HonfoglaláskoriMagyarország) (1925), and Problems of Semantics (Jelentéstanikérdések( (1938). He received the Grand Prize of the Academy and was presented with the Corvin Chain (1921). – B: 0883, 1079, 1257, T: 7456.→Gombocz, Zoltán. Melis, György (George) (Szarvas, 1 July 1923 - Budapest, 27 November 2009) – Opera singer (baritone). He graduated from the High School of Szarvas (1943). He studied singing at the Ferenc (Franz) Liszt Academy of Music, Budapest. From 1949 he worked at the Opera House, Budapest. He made his debut as Morales in Bizet’s Carmen. He was not only an excellent singer but also a talented actor. Emotions and humor characterized all his performances. He was also an outstanding Liederand oratorio singer. He performed almost all baritone roles of Mozart, Verdi, Puccini, Zoltán Kodály and Béla Bartók. His main roles include Count Almaviva in Mozart’s Marriage of Figaro (Figaró Házassága); Don Alfonso in Mozart’s Cosi fan tutte (Women are Like that – Mindenki így csinálja); Amonsatro in Verdi’s Aida; Scarpia in Puccini’s Tosca; Pizarro in Beethoven’s Fidelio, and Bluebeard in Bartók’s Bluebeard’s Castle (A Kékszakállu herceg vára). He also recorded 18 operas. He sang all over Europe, Australia, Mexico and the USA as a guest singer. He received the Ferenc Liszt Prize (1954, 1959, 1973), the Merited Artist title (1959), the Kossuth Prize (1962), the Outstanding Artist title (1967), the Béla Bartók-Ditta Pásztory Prize (1986), he was made Life Member in he Society of Immortals (1996), the Middle Cross with Star of Order of Merit of the Republic of Hungary (2003), My Country Prize (2003), and the Prima Prize (2008). He was an Honorary Citizen of Szarvas. He established a Prize under his name. – B: 1445, 1493, 1031, T: 7103.
Méliusz Juhász, Péter (Horhi Juhász) (Horhi, circa 1536 - Debrecen, 15 December 1572) – Bishop of the Reformed Church, theologian, botanist and writer. According to the customs of his time, he used his name in various forms: Horhi, Ihász, Juhász, Somogyi. He studied in Wittenberg in 1556. From 1558 he was a preacher in Debrecen, and from 1561 until his death, he was Bishop of the Reformed Church in Debrecen. At the Synod of 1567 he organized the Reformed Church in Hungary, fought continually against the more radical factions of Reformation, especially against the Anti-Trinitarians. He argued with Ferenc (Francis) Dávid on several occasions about his Unitarian teaching, once in Nagyvárad (now Oradea, Romania) in the presence of János (John) II, Prince of Transylvania (Erdély, now in Romania) in 1569. He authored 24 major literary works, including Catecizmus; Confessio Catholica; Magiar Praedicatioc; (Magyar Prédikációk – Hungarian Sermons);Apologia, Articuli et Verbo Dei, and Disputatio in causa SS. Trinitatis. He also published a volume of sermons, wrote many songs, a treatise explaining the doctrine of faith, and translated the New Testament, now lost. His most comprehensive theological work, the so-called Debrecen-Egervölgy Confessions, was written with the help of Gergely (Gregory) Szegedi and György (George) Czeglédi. He was also the author of the first Botanical, Economic and Medical works in the Hungarian language, as well as the Herbarium, published in Kolozsvár (1578). In this, he mentions the flora of Hungary, thus he was the first scientist to specify the Hungarian names of flowers. – B: 1150, 0883, 0931, 0907, 1908, T: 7685.→Reformed Church in Hungary; Dávid, Ferenc; Gyulafehérvár Religious Disputes; Debrecen; Szegedi, Gergely. Melocco, Miklós (Nicholas) (Rome, 3 April 1935 - ) – Sculptor. He studied at the Academy of Applied Arts, Budapest (1955-1961). He was a student of Sándor (Alexander) Mikus, Tamás (Thomas) Gyenes, János (John) Kmetty and Pál (Paul) Pátzay. He became a professor at the Academy in 1960. His art is characterized by the marks of Naturalism and Pop. He created numerous memorials, e.g. for Count István (Stephen) Széchenyi, Count Pál (Paul) Teleki, József (Joseph) Antall, and sculptures for public places, such as the statue of Endre (Andrew) Ady, Miklós (Nicholas) Radnóti, Kunó Klebelsberg, Zoltán Latinovics, Klári (Clara) Tolnai, the Altar of Ady, the Altar of Attila József, the Sacred Tomb, and the Coronation of St. István (Stephen). He has been a titular professor at the University of Applied Art since 1990, and a member of the Academy of Hungarian Art since 1992, also its presidium member since 1995. His other works include Miklós Radnóti (in Abda); Zoltán Latinovics (in Balatonszemes); the Attila József Altar (in Komló), Ady (in Pécs), and the Sepulchre of József Antall (in Budapest). He exhibited in Hungary (Salgótarján, Szeged, Kecskemét) and abroad (Basel, Toronto). He is one of the leading and renowned sculptors of his generation. He has received many prizes and awards, among them the Munkácsy Prize (1973), Kossuth Prize (1988), Hungarian Heritage Prize (1998) and the Prima Primissima Prize (2004). – B: 0887, 0879, 1031, T: 7103.→Mikus, Sándor; Kmetty, János; Pátzay, Pál; Széchenyi, Count István; Teleki, Count Pál; Antall, József; Ady, Endre; Radnóti, Miklós; Klebelsberg, Count Kunó; Latinovics, Zoltán; Tolnai, Klári; József, Attila; István, King I. Menczer, Béla (Budapest, 17 November 1902 - Midhurst, Sussex, England, 11 June 1983) – Historian, publicist. He studied Political Economy and Philosophy in Budapest, Vienna and Paris. After the fall of the Hungarian Soviet (Council) Republic in 1919, due to his former activities (republican bill-posting, holding public lectures without permission, as well as assisting the relatives of arrested Communists) he was sentenced to eighteen months’ imprisonment but freed after ten months. He went to Vienna, and then he moved to Paris and later to Berlin. He belonged to the circle of the 1918 Radicals. As a journalist he worked for German and French papers. He fled to England from Hitler’s national-socialist rule. Between 1935 and 1939 he was a lecturer in the Institute of Slavic and East-European Studies at the University of London, and was a correspondent for journals in England. In 1940 he joined De Gaulle’s Free French Army. In 1943 he served in Africa, and later was in charge of the Press Department of the Headquarters. After World War II, he permanently settled in England. During 1949 and 1950 he lectured in Madrid and Paris while, between 1952 and 1953, in Cadiz and San Sebastian, and in 1961 at the Catholic University of Navarra. Apart from writing in English, German, French and Spanish journals, he also wrote for the Hungarian émigré press, among others in As It Is Possible (Ahogy Lehet);Catholic Review (Katolikus Szemle);Hungarian Courier(Magyar Híradó); National Guard (Nemzetőr), and Shepherds’ Fire(Pásztortűz). He worked mainly on themes of contemporary history. His works include Pan-Slav and Pan-German (1946); A Commentary on Hungarian Literature (1956), and Catholic Political Thought (1951, 1963). – B: 1672, T: 7456.
Mende, Tibor (Budapest, 1915 - Paris, April 1984) – Political economist, publicist and political writer. He started his higher studies in Budapest but finished them in Paris. Then he gave lectures at the Institute of Politics in Paris, and at the local College of Commerce, later also at the University of Paris (Sorbonne). His book, India Before the Storm, published during World War II, became an international success. In his publications, as an international authority, he dealt mainly with the problems of the Third World. From the mid-1960s he headed the Economic and Social Information Section of the United Nations. His works include The Danubian Symbol (1947); World Power in Balance (1953); South-EastAsia Between Two Worlds (1955); China and her Shadow (1961, 1962); The Chinese Revolution (1961); Un monde possible (1963); De l’aide à la recolonisation 1972), and Fourmis et poisons, Carnets de route (1979). – B: 1672, T: 7456.
Mén-Marót(9th century) – According to Anonymus, the 12th century chronicler, he was the ruler of the territory bordered by the Tisza, Maros and Szamos rivers and the Igfon forest, at the time of the Settlement in the Carpathian Basin (896 A.D.). Reigning Prince Árpád demanded the territory to be turned over to him as his lawful inheritance of Attila. He refused, arguing that he had held the land before the arrival of Attila. Árpád defeated him in two battles. The ownership of the land was handed over to Árpád under the condition that his son Zsolt would marry the daughter of Mén-Marót. Árpád accepted the proposal. Ultimately, these people blended into the Hungarian nation. This episode is treasured in the folk-tale, The Black King and the Old Servant (A fekete király és a vén szolga). – B: 0942, 1078, T: 7658.→Anonymus; Árpád. Mensáros, László (Ladislas) (Budapest, 26 January 1926 - Budapest, 7 February 1993) – Actor, stage manager. He studied at the Academy of Dramatic Art, Budapest, (1946). During his career, he was in prison twice for political reasons (1949-1951, 1958-1961). In 1952 he became a member of the Csokonai Theater (Csokonai Színház), Debrecen. In 1957 and 1958 he was with the Madách Theater (Madách Színház), Budapest. From 1961 to 1964 he was on the stage of the Szígligeti Theater (Szígligeti Színház), Szolnok. He was a member of the Madách Theater from 1964 to 1984. He remained active at his former theater and in the countryside following his retirement in 1984. Intelligence, irony and wise humor characterized his acting. He was also outstanding as an elocutionist. His main roles include Tuzenbach in Chekhov’s The Three Sisters (A három nővér); title role in Shakespeare’s Hamlet; Hlestakov in Gogol’s The Inspector General (A Revizor); Henry Higgins in Shaw’s Pygmalion; Bicska Maxi in Brecht-Weil’s Three Penny Opera (Koldusopera), and Pál Bokor in Örkény’s Blood-relatives (Vérrokonok). There are more than 30 feature films to his credit, including Foolish April (Bolond Április) (1957); Jaguár (1967); Gypsy Princess (Csárdáskirálynő) (1971); Innocent Killers (Ártatlan gyilkosok) (1973); Monster (Szörnyeteg) (1974), and Sunny Side (Napos oldal) (1983). He received the Mari Jászai Prize (1956, 1969), the title of Merited Artist (1976), the title of Outstanding Artist (1978), the Kossuth Prize (1980), and the For Hungarian Art Prize (1989). – B: 1105, 1445, T: 7103. Mentovich, Ferenc (Francis) (Nagydebrek, now Dobric, Transylvania, Romania, 19 April 1819 - Marosvásárhely, now Targu-Mureş, Transylvania, Romania, 15 December 1879) – Poet and natural scientist. He studied Natural Sciences at the Universities of Berlin and Vienna (1841-1843). His first volume of poems, Songs of Union (Uniódalok) (1847), was written in the spirit of the political opposition in Transylvania. He supported the 1848-1849 Hungarian War of Independence from Habsburg rule and published a “garland of poems” under the title National Colors (Nemzeti színek), with Pál (Paul) Gyulai and Károly (Charles) Szász. In the second year of the war, he worked as a laborer in a Transylvanian Gunpowder Factory. After the war, he became a journalist and an instructor. In 1850 he taught poetics and literature at the Reformed High School of Nagykőrös. Later the great poet, János (John) Arany, filled his position, while he became a natural sciences teacher. In 1856 he took over the Chair of Mathematics at the Reformed College of Marosvásárhely. He regarded as his mission the spreading of the knowledge of natural sciences in terms of mechanical materialism and he supported Darwin’s Theory of Evolution as well. Among others, he edited the papers, Szekler People (Székely Nép) and the Szekler Bulletin (Székely Közlöny). His most significant work was the New World View (Új világnézet) (1870). – B: 0883, 1068, 1257, T: 7456.→Gyulai, Pál; Szász, Károly; Arany, János; Szeklers. Menyhárth, LászlóS.J. (Leslie) (Szarvaskő, 30 May 1849 - Zumbo, Mozambique, 16 November 1897) – Missionary, botanist. He studied at the Cistercian High School of Eger. He joined the Jesuit Order at Nagyszombat (now Trnava, Slovakia) in 1886. He learned Theology at Innsbruck and St Briavels, England. From 1885 he taught at the High School in Kalocsa, later became its Principal. He studied the plant life of the Kalocsa region and discovered a few new species. In 1889, on the request of István (Stephen) Czimmermann, he went on a mission to Africa with him. They arrived in Boroma in 1890, where they established the Claver St Peter Mission, where he worked along the Zambezi River. Besides missionary work he was involved in botanical collecting and meteorological observations. With his research he successfully created new plant strains that tolerated the local climate and were suitable for mass production. Thanks to his research, he was able to save masses of natives from starvation in Africa. He sent his written observations and his plant collections back to Hungary. The plant collections were verified and published by Professor H. Schintz in Switzerland. His unique insect collection is now in the High School Museum of Kalocsa. Some twenty species bear his name in botanical works. His works include the Flower Garden of the Virgin Mary (Szűz Mária virágoskertje) (1885); another one in the periodical, Harbinger of Jesus Sacred Heart (Kalocsa) and a book, Plant-improvement by Producing Better Strains in the Kalocsa-region (Kalocsa vidékének növénytenyésztése) (1877). His activity was a significant contribution to the development of Africa. – B: 0883, 0945, T: 7103.