1All Pulci quotations are from Luigi Pulci, Morgante, ed. Franca Ageno, Ricciardi (1955). There are discussions of the styles of Pulci and Byron in Lord Byron as a Satirist in Verse by Claude M. Fuess (New York 1912) pp.144-55; in the introduction to R.D.Waller’s edition of Frere’s The Monks and The Giants (Manchester 1926); by Lindsay Waters in two articles, The ‘Desultory Rhyme’ of Don Juan: Byron, Pulci and the Improvisatory Style, ELH 45 (1978) pp.429-42, and Pulci and the Poetry of Byron: “Domestiche Muse”, Annali d’Italianistica 1 (1983) pp.44-8. I am grateful to David Woodhouse for bringing this volume to my attention: it has a very full bibliography, in which Mark Davie, Pulci’s Margutte Episode Re-Examined, Italian Studies 33 (1978) pp.29-55, is the most immediately relevant article. Other books I have found useful are Luigi Pulci: Morgante, The Epic Adventures of Orlando and his Giant Friend Morgante, tr. Joseph Tusiani, int. and notes by Edoardo A. Lèbano, Indiana University Press, 1998; Luigi Pulci and the Morgante Maggiore by Lewis Einstein (Berlin 1902) The Skeptics of the Italian Renaissance by John Owen (1908, reprinted Kennikat Press, Port Washington 1970) and Luigi Pulci and the Animal Kingdom by J.R.Shulters (Baltimore 1920).
: Jacob Burckhardt, The Civilisation of the Renaissance in Italy, Penguin 1990, p.305. Burckhardt has a good section on Margutte at pp.315-16.
2I am most grateful to Fran Waterhouse for help with the Italian, and to Peter Davison for his linguistic expertise, and the excellent quality of his pasta. The following abbreviations apply below: BLJ:Byron’s Letters and Journals, ed. Marchand.
: Byron, rough draft of Don Juan Canto III Stanza 45: Manuscripts of the Younger Romantics, Byron II, ed. McGann and Levine, Garland 1985, p.198.
3: Byron, fair copy of Don Juan Canto III Stanza 45: third side of third double-folio sheet: Sterling Library, London University, Catalogue No. M.S. [SL] V 7.