Los norteamericanos colonizan Texas



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Grade 4

Social Studies

Unit: 05

Lesson: 02



Suggested Duration: 4 days
Los norteamericanos colonizan Texas

Lesson Synopsis:

Students explain the role Texas played in the Mexican War for Independence and how this war impacted the development of Texas. The lesson will begin by examining the Mexican War through the eyes of Jane Long and continuing with the reasons the Old Three Hundred settled Texas.




TEKS:




4.2

History. The student understands the causes and effects of European exploration and colonization of Texas and North America. The student is expected to:




4.2D

Identify Texas' role in the Mexican War of Independence and the war's impact on the development of Texas.




4.8

Geography. The student understands the location and patterns of settlement and the geographic factors that influence where people live. The student is expected to:




4.8A

Identify and explain clusters and patterns of settlement in Texas at different time periods such as prior to the Texas Revolution, after the building of the railroads, and following World War II.




4.10

Economics. The student understands the basic economic activities of early societies in Texas and North America. The student is expected to:




4.10B

Explain the economic activities early immigrants to Texas used to meet their needs and wants.







Social Studies Skills TEKS:




4.21

Social studies skills. The student applies critical-thinking skills to organize and use information acquired from a variety of valid sources, including electronic technology. The student is expected to:




4.21B

Analyze information by sequencing, categorizing, identifying cause-and-effect relationships, comparing, contrasting, finding the main idea, summarizing, making generalizations and predictions, and drawing inferences and conclusions.




Getting Ready for Instruction

Performance Indicator(s):

  • Create a poster to recruit new settlers to Texas in the early 1800s and highlight the economic benefits and possible effects of the relocation. (4.2D; 4.10B; 4.21B) 1C; 2F; 4I




Key Understandings and Guiding Questions:

  • Las personas exploran y colonizan nuevas regiones geográficas, frecuentemente en respuesta a necesidades económicas y deseos.

  • ¿Cuáles fueron las causas y efectos de la colonización en Texas?

  • ¿Cómo influyó la independencia de México de España en el asentamiento de Texas por colonos norteamericanos?

  • ¿Qué papel jugó la colonización de Texas en la Guerra de México por la independencia?

  • ¿Qué factores geográficos influyeron la colonización en Texas?

  • ¿Dónde estuvieron las actividades económicas de los primeros colonos de Texas?




Vocabulary of Instruction:

  • colonización

  • constitución

  • deuda




Materials:

  • Refer to Notes for Teacher section for materials.




Attachments:

  • Handout: What Would I Do? (1 set per group)

  • Handout: Research Notes: American Colonization (1 per student)

  • Handout: Austin’s Colony: Was Austin’s Colony a good place to settle? (1 per student)




Resources and References:

  • The Handbook of Texas Online TSHA: http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online

  • Teaching Texas: http://teachingtexas.org/

  • Texas Almanac: http://www.texasalmanac.com

  • Women in Texas History: http://womenintexashistory.org/

  • Texas State Library and Archives – Stephen F. Austin: https://www.tsl.state.tx.us/treasures/giants/austin/austin-01.html







Advance Preparation:

  1. Become familiar with content and procedures for the lesson.

  2. Refer to the Instructional Focus Document for specific content to include in the lesson.

  3. Select appropriate sections of the textbook and other classroom materials that support the learning for this lesson.

  4. Preview available resources and websites according to district guidelines.

  5. Prepare materials and handouts as needed.




Background Information:

Mexico Independence and its influence on Texas are new to the 4th Grade Texas History. This information is important in understanding why Americans were willing to fight for Mexican independence from Spain and why they felt comfortable in migrating to Texas. Americans wanted Mexico to be free of Spain which would possibly allow the United States to acquire Texas. Americans felt comfortable migrating to Texas under Mexican rule because of the democratic federal system of government that was created. This was a government much like the United States.




Getting Ready for Instruction Supplemental Planning Document

Instructors are encouraged to supplement and substitute resources, materials, and activities to differentiate instruction to address the needs of learners. The Exemplar Lessons are one approach to teaching and reaching the Performance Indicators and Specificity in the Instructional Focus Document for this unit. Instructors are encouraged to create original lessons using the Content Creator in the Tools Tab located at the top of the page. All originally authored lessons can be saved in the “My CSCOPE” Tab within the “My Content” area.

Instructional Procedures




Instructional Procedures

Notes for Teacher

ENGAGE – Students explain the role of Texas in the Mexican War for Independence from Spain.

NOTE: 1 Day = 50 minutes

Suggested Day 1 – 50 minutes

  1. Organize students into groups of three.




  1. Distribute to each group a set of the Handout: What Would I Do?.




  1. Groups discuss and answer the question on each card (or each student answers the questions on one card and then the group discusses).




  1. Students discuss their answers and be prepared to defend them.




  1. Student groups share their answers in a class discussion.




  1. Provide “the rest of the story” after students have shared their answers.

  • Mexico - Mexico becomes independent from Spain in 1821 and forms a constitutional republican government much like the United States. Mexico will write a constitution which will include three branches of government and citizens will vote for representatives to lead the government.

  • Dr. James Long – While James Long was awaiting trial in Mexico City, he was shot and killed by a prison guard on April 1822. Officials claimed that it was an accident but Long’s friends called it murder.

  • Jean Lafitte – From 1817 – 1820, Lafitte raided Spanish ships and gathered a large fortune. When he began raiding American ships, he left Galveston Island and went to Louisiana where he became a rancher and cattle buyer.

  • Jane Long – Jane Long gave birth to a daughter on Galveston Island and they all survived the winter. Her name was Mary James. This was the first known Anglo American birth in Texas. Many people have called Jane Long the Mother of Texas because of Mary James’ birth. Jane returns to her home in Mississippi. When she returns to Mexico to try to get her husband’s military pension, Mary James dies. After that Jane Long applies and is approved to be part of Stephen F. Austin’s Old Three Hundred Colony. In 1837, Jane and Kian moved to Fort Bend County, opened a boarding house, developed a plantation, raised cattle, bought and sold land, and grew cotton. Jane is said to have known Ben Milam, Sam Houston, and Mirabeau B. Lamar.




Materials:

  • Information on James Long and the Long Expedition

  • Information on Jean Lafitte

  • Information on Jane Long


Attachments:

  • Handout: What Would I Do? (1 set per group)




EXPLORE – Stephen F. Austin and the Old Three Hundred, Anglo settlement

Suggested Day 2 – 40 minutes

  1. Organize students into pairs to gather information about Stephen F. Austin and the Old Three Hundred.




  1. Students use their textbook and other resources to gather information about Stephen F. Austin and the Old Three Hundred and record it on the Handout: Research Notes: American Colonization.




  1. Facilitate a discussion where students discuss what they have learned about

  • Reasons people settled in Texas (push and pull factors, economic opportunity)

  • Patterns of settlement, including geographic factors

  • Economic activities early immigrants to Texas used to meet their needs and wants

  • Texas settlers and the Spanish colonial and Mexican governments




Materials:

  • Information on Stephen F. Austin

  • Information on the Old Three Hundred

  • Information on American colonization of Texas

  • Information on impact of American migration to Texas and Mexican independence


Attachments:

  • Handout: Research Notes: American Colonization (1 per student)


Resources:

  • The Texas Handbook Online: http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/umo01




EXPLAIN – How Mexico’s independence from Spain influenced the settlement of Texas by American colonists

Suggested Day 2 (cont’d) – 10 minutes

  1. On the back of the Handout: Research Notes: American Colonization, students answer the following questions.

  • What are 3 reasons people came to Texas to settle?

  • What are 2 economic activities early immigrants to Texas used to meet their needs and wants?

  • What was 1 issue Anglo settlers from America faced when moving to Texas?




Attachments:

  • Handout: Research Notes: American Colonization


Instructional Note

If students are able to answer this question, they have a good grasp of why and how Americans colonized Texas.




EXPLORE – Students explain the economic and geographic characteristics of Austin’s Colony

Suggested Day 3 – 40 minutes

  1. Distribute to each student the Handout: Austin’s Colony: Was Austin’s Colony a good place to settle?




  1. Students, working in groups of 2 or 3, gather information about Austin’s Colony, using notes and information learned in Unit 1 about the geography of Texas, the textbook, and other classroom resources.




  1. Students use the map of the Austin’s Colony to infer geographic, economic, and social characteristics of the colony.




Materials:

  • Map of Austin’s colony

  • Primary source map of Austin’s colony

  • Information on Austin’s Colony

  • Notes and information learned in Unit 1 about the geography of Texas


Attachments:

  • Handout: Austin’s Colony: Was Austin’s Colony a good place to settle? (1 per student)




EXPLAIN – Students explain the economic and geographic characteristics of Austin’s Colony.

Suggested Day 3 – 10 minutes

  1. On the back of the Handout: Research Notes: American Colonization, students answer the following question.

  • How did Mexico’s independence from Spain influence the settlement of Texas by American colonists?




Attachments:

  • Handout: Research Notes: American Colonization


Instructional Note:

If students are able to answer this question, they have a good grasp of why and how Americans colonized Texas.




ELABORATE – Causes and effects of colonization in Texas

Suggested Day 4 – 10 minutes

  1. To summarize learning, facilitate a discussion where students use what they have learned to answer the guiding questions and support the Key Understanding.

  • What were the causes and effects of colonization in Texas?

  • How did Mexico’s independence from Spain influence the settlement of Texas by American colonists?

  • What role did colonization of Texas play in the Mexican War for Independence?

  • What geographic factors influenced colonization in Texas?

  • Where were the economic activities of early colonists in Texas?







EVALUATE – Students explain why Texas was settled by Americans.

Suggested Day 4 – 40 minutes

  • Create a poster to recruit new settlers to Texas in the early 1800s and highlight the economic benefits and possible effects of the relocation. (4.2D; 4.10B; 4.21B) 1C; 2F; 4I




  1. Distribute unlined paper for students to use to create their poster.




  1. Students create a poster to recruit new settlers to Texas in the early 1800s and highlight the economic benefits and possible effects of the relocation.

Materials:

  • unlined paper






©2012, TESCCC 04/30/13 page of



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