Long term Cause: Explanation

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Long term Causes of Russian Revolution:

Long term Cause:


Connection, comments, questions, connections…

Size of Russia

Too big to rule(Russia). By 1913 its territory stretched from Europe to Alaska, which was 4,000 miles. 125 million people lived in Russia.

I wonder if Russia ever considered dividing up the country and having people look over each territory to make it easier to rule.

Wasn’t technologically advanced

Most of Russia was not industrialized and most of its people were peasants.

Why didn’t Russia industrialize?

Weak military

Military was weak, lost war to Japan in 1904.

Most of Russia’s citizens were uneducated peasants with no militaristic experience; they wouldn’t make a good army.

Not United

Russia was so big many of its people had different nationalities, languages, and religions

People of all different cultures aren’t going to want to mix with people of different cultures.


Czar Nicholas ruled over Russia’s government all by himself. It was too much work for just himself.

Did anyone aid him in ruling the country?


Russia began industrializing and its workers were poor and oppressed. They went on a peaceful march to ask for help from the Czar, but he ordered his soldiers to attack them.

this may have caused the most upset among the Russian people because the Czar ordered for his troops to fire into the peaceful demonstration, killing many innocent Russians.

Middle Class

Representatives of new middle class called themselves the Kadets, wanted a constitution like England’s. Started revolution that caused Czar Nicholas to create Duma

The new middle class caused tensions between the social classes. It was no longer just rich and poor Russians.


Mensheviks wanted peaceful change and Bolsheviks wanted a revolution, committed acts of terrorism like the murder of Prime Minister Stolypin in 1911

Which group would be more influential in the Russian revolution and overthrow of the autocracy?


Peasants freed in 1861, given small amount of land. Were uneducated and didn’t know how to improve the land they were given. Envious of upper class and their huge estates.

Land that peasants were given basically went to waste because they didn’t know what to do with it.

Tensions between classes

Middle class began to grow as Russia industrialized, tensions between upper, middle, and lower class grew.

Tensions among social classes led to conflicts and fights

Failure of 1905 Revolution

Tsar said he would recognize civil rights of everyone and
promised a create a Duma, but by 1907 the Duma had been changed to weaken any opposition

This also must have caused the greatest amount of upset among Russians because the only form of representation they had was taken away from them.



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