- logical and mathemetical truths, moral truths, God, soul, Plato's forms
Concept Innatism (idea of innatism)
''idea of God'' is innate. -Descartes
- ''we are born with these'' -Descartes
-its invoked to explain how we can have ideas that do not correspond with experience.
Lock Rejects innatism!:
-they're not innate at all, all knowledge comes from senses/experience.
-''tabula rasa'' our mind is blank when we are born.
-children and idiots for example, its silly to expect any notion of these ideas if they're not conscious of the world around them.
- ockham's razor or a principle of parsimony – A theory-making principle – ‘do not multiply entities without necessity,’ or ‘for two theories A and B which explain phenomenon P, if all else is equal, the simpler theory is more likely true.’
which one to pick out of these theories? -pick the most simple one. Locke says his theory is simpler, as it posits only one source for ideas.
The Attack on Innate Knowledge
Locke’s dilemma for innatism:
a) everyone has this knowledge all along
b) everyone is born with the capacity for this knowledge.
If the innatist means a, then this is obviously false. If she means b, then this can be said for ALL knowledge, not just supposed innate knowledge.
Locke on the Origin and Structure of Ideas:
''ideas'' in Early modern philosophy
Locke: an idea is whatsoever is the object of the understanding when a man thinks.
[not Locke, me - It seems, though, like this is a big mistake. Either physical objects are mental or we don’t think about them. My wife is pretty, not ''my wife idea.” I think of my wife, not my wife idea. (Although I might think of my wife via my wife idea).]
Types of Mental States:
-perceptions (perception of a house)
-propositions (snow is white)
*our supplies of ideas define the limits of what is thinkable or conceivable by us.