Lled 360 Unit Plan: Industrial Revolution


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  • Benefit/ Cost/ Significance Chart: (Chart will be given to students on 11’’by 17’’ paper)

    • FACTOR


    • COST


    • Outsources: a company/ organization purchases goods or subcontract services from an outside source

    • Imperialism: the policy of extending the rule of an empire and nation over foreign countries

    • Capitalism: an economic system in which investment in and ownership of the means of production, distribution, and exchange of wealth is maintained chiefly by private individuals or corporations

    • The market: those wishing to purchase goods

    • Toll: a fee for using a road

    • Domestic system: manufacture of products like textiles was done at home and on a small scale

    • Enclosure: the separation and appropriation of land by means of a fence.

    • Factory system: the use of machinery, originally powered by water or steam and later by electricity.

    • Communism: a theory of social organization based on the holding of all property in commons

    • Socialism: the idea that wealth and benefits should be shared equally

    • Trade union: organization to get rights and benefits for working people

    • Locomotive: a steam engine designed to pull cars on a railway

    • Revolution: a complete change in something, the overthrow of a government

    • Laissez Faire policy: businesses and industry free from government regulation and therefore competition and self-interest would serve the greatest good.

    • Turnip Townshend: crop rotation no longer needed to leave land fallow because planted nitrogen fixating species (turnips and clover) which could also be used to feed animals

    • Whigs: members of a political party that held liberal principles and favored reforms.

    • Textile: cloth or fabric

    • Interchangeable parts: parts made by a machine to be exactly the same size and shape

    • Mass production: making many products at once

    • Productivity: the amount of goods and services made by a worker in a certain amount of time

    • Entrepreneur: a person who takes risks to start a new business

    • Parliament: the legislative body in Great Britain

    • Natural resources: the natural wealth of a country, consisting of land, forests, mineral deposits, water, etc.

    • Guild system: groups of self-employed skilled craftsmen with ownership and control over the materials/tools needed to produce their goods, said to be the precursors of modern trade unions

    • Fodder: coarse food for livestock, people considered as readily available and of little value

    • Manure: animal dropping used to fertilize land

    • To broadcast: to sow seeds by throwing them over a field by hand

    • Global: world-wide

    • Mother” country: in the language of colonizing power was often referred to as the “mother” country- a sexist reference no longer in use

    • Industrialized: an economy based on industry, not agriculture

    • Exploit: to use

    • Commons: land held to be used by everyone

    • Raw materials: the essential materials needed in an industry to make a product

    • Breed: a group of animals distinguished by particular characteristics

    • Clothier: a capitalist who invests money in textile-making

    • Supply: the amount of goods available

    • Demand: the desire of people to buy a certain good or product

    • Social reformers: people who wish to change the nature of society

    • To speculate: to buy land in the expectation that its value with increase

    • Keys words that describe the industrial revolution?

    • Unit Inquiry Question:

  • Why Britain???

    • Factors:

    • Notes:

    • Availability of Raw Resources: COAL!

    • Climate for New Innovations:

    • Expansion of Trade:

    • Economic conditions were right- Britain was a parliamentary monarchy:

    • Rise of the middle class:

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