Despite his best efforts, the Continental System backfired on Napoleon. Great Britain was able to produce goods cheaper and better than any country. The ban on British goods only resulted in economic instability in Europe.
Seeing their opportunity in Napoleon’s disaster, Austria, Britain, Russia, Prussia, and Sweden formed an alliance against France. After the Allies took Paris, Napoleon stepped down on April 11, 1814. The allies restored the Bourbon dynasty to the French throne. They gave Napoleon the island of Elba to rule. He was even allowed to keep his imperial title and was given a yearly income of 2 million francs.
Napoleon never saw his son or wife again. However, once on Elba, Napoleon planned his return to France.