Literature The "Lost Generation"



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CULTURE: 1920s, 1930s, 1940s
1920s 1930s 1940s

Literature The “Lost Generation” Ernest Hemingway Comic Books

F. Scott Fitzgerald Spanish-American War C.S. Lewis



The Great Gatsby For Whom the Bell Tolls Narnia

Ernest Hemingway John Steinbeck JRR Tolkien

Harlem Renaissance The Grapes of Wrath Lord of the Rings

Alain Locke: The New Negro Erskine Caldwell

Langston Hughes Tobacco Road

Life Magazine (Photography)

Film Silent to Sound Frank Capra Frank Capra

Charlie Chaplin Mr. Smith Goes to Washington Why We Fight

Laurel and Hardy It’s a Wonderful Life Orson Welles (radio)

The Jazz Singer Black and White to Color

Al Jolson Gone With the Wind

Josephine Baker The Wizard of Oz

Rudolph Valentino Walt Disney

Escapism (Radio and Film)

Superman

Dick Tracy
Music Jazz Jazz to Swing Swing

Charleston Benny Goodman

Harlem Renaissance Marathon Dancing cont.

Duke Ellington

Musicals

Gershwin


Irving Berlin
Art Harlem Renaissance Art Deco Style

Art Deco Architecture:

Empire State Building

Chrysler Building



AFRICAN AMERICANS: 1920s, 1930s, 1940s
1920s 1930s 1940s

Literature Harlem Renaissance New Deal Writers

Alain Locke: New Negro Zora Neale Hurston

Langston Hughes Ralph Ellison 

Claude McKay Richard Wright 



Music Harlem Renaissance Marian Anderson: Lincoln Memorial Swing

Duke Ellington Big Bands: Louis Armstrong

Louis Armstrong

Paul Robeson



Intolerance: Ku Klux Klan Scottsboro Case Military Segregation

Segregation in CCC Camps Dorie Miller at Pearl Harbor Discrimination WPA, Housing Tuskegee Airmen



Activism Marcus Garvey Mary McLeod Bethune A. Philip Randolph

Back to Africa Movement National Youth Adm Idea of March on Washington

UNIA (Negro Affairs) Ban discrimination

Pro-Segregation “Black Cabinet” Fair Employment Practices Comm.

W.E.B DuBois Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters “Double V”

NAACP Recognized by AFL Victory at Home and vs. Axis

Socialism Congress of Racial Equality:

Pro-Integration local sit-ins, demonstrations


OTHER: Jesse Owens Jackie Robinson

1936 Berlin Olympics Brooklyn Dodgers 1947




Jewish Americans: 1920s, 1930s, 1940s
1920s 1930s 1940s

National Origins Act of 1924 Anti-Semitism Holocaust & Liberation

limited the number of immigrants --State Department Unilateral support for Israel

who could be admitted from any Anti-Communist, Anti-Socialist Easing of Restrictions country to 2% of the number of

people from that country St. Louis Incident (1938)

who were already living here

Restricted Communities


Native Americans: 1920s, 1930s, 1940s

1920s 1930s 1940s

Cultural Relativism Iwo Jima

John Collier Ira Hayes

Indian Affairs

Encouraged tribal connections Navajo “Code-Talkers”

Indian Reorganization Act (1934)

Right to own land collectively Pressures for National Unity, Not Tribal Unity

Calls to eliminate reservations

Collier Resigns

Asian Americans: 1920s, 1930s, 1940s

1920s 1930s 1940s

“Gentleman’s Agreement” (1905) Japanese American Internment Issei (immigrants)

Nisei (naturalized and American born)
Fifth Column Suspicions—Pearl Harbor
Executive Order 9066 (1942)
Korematsu vs. United States (1944)
Chinese Exclusion Act (1892) enforced Chinese Allies

Visit of Madame Chiang Kai-Shek

Chinese Exclusion Act Repealed very small quota

Helped satisfy Labor Shortage



Hispanic Americans: 1920s, 1930s, 1940s

1920s 1930s 1940s

Bracero Program

Contract Laborer Program

Workers Recruited

Mexican Population soars in CA
Pachucos

Mexican teenage gangs

“zoot suits”
Zoot Suit Riots

Mexicans attacked by white sailors

Four day riots in LA

Mexicans arrested



Zoot Suits prohibited
WOMEN: 1920s, 1930s, 1940s

1920s 1930s 1940s


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