A comparison made between two things to show how they are alike in some respects.
A figure of speech that compares two essentially unlike things at length and in several ways.
“All the world’s a stage, And all the men and women are merely players…Last scene of all, that ends this strange eventful history…” – William Shakespeare
A metaphor that just does not work or fit very easily.
“The United States is a venerable sea turtle, silently gliding through the blue depths”.
A literary work in which characters, objects, or actions represent abstractions (the characters, objects, etc. are equated with meanings that lie outside the text); a sustained metaphor continued through whole sentences or even through a whole discourse.
Superman, Spiderman, and Batman are all allegorical representations of the everyman. The evils they fight are the temptations to greed, to violence and to behavior that will in other ways disrupt society. Superheroes stand as both the everyman and the guardian against evil.
From the Greek, "experience, suffer;” the quality in a work that prompts the reader to feel pity; the mode of persuasion that appeals to the audience's emotions.
Greek - "depth“; Not to be confused with pathos, bathos is a descent in literature in which a poet or writer--striving too hard to be passionate or elevated--falls into trivial or stupid imagery, phrasing, or ideas. One of the most common types of bathos is the humorous arrangement of items so that the listed items descend from grandiosity to absurdity.
"In the United States, Osama bin Laden is wanted for conspiracy, murder, terrorism, and unpaid parking tickets."
Repetition of words, phrases, or sentences that have the same grammatical structure or that state a similar idea.
“It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness, It was the epoch of belief, it was the epoch of incredulity, it was the season of Light, it was the season of Darkness…”
The same expression (word or words) is repeated at the beginning of two or more successive clauses or sentences.
“I have been one acquainted with the night. I have outwalked the farthest city light.”
A statement consisting of two parallel parts in which the second part is structurally reversed. Think inverted parallelism.
“Susan walked in, and out rushed Mary.”
"...ask not what your country can do for you — ask what you can do for your country."
The repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words.
“Which circle slowly with a silken swish”
Very brief account of an incident.
In her essay, “Homeless” Anna Quindlen uses an anecdote about a homeless woman to introduce a discussion of homelessness.
A statement, the truth of which is obvious or well-known.
A kind of particularly cutting irony. Generally, sarcasm is the taunting use of praise to mean its opposite – that is, to insult someone or something.
Saying, “Nice shoes” in a way that makes it clear that you believe the shoes to be hideous.
A literary technique in which ideas, customs, behaviors, or institutions are ridiculed for the purpose of improving society. It often involves the use of irony and exaggeration to force readers to see something in a critical light.