List of ap and ap-related questions from the past twenty-six years



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List of AP and AP-related questions from the past twenty-six years.

[compiled by Steve Armstrong

Additions by Kevin Mallon]

(Updated, May 3, 2011)
Questions labeled “AP” are Copyright © 1980-2011 College Entrance Examination board and Educational Testing Service. All rights reserved.
1607-1763 The Colonial Period
AP 2011 Analyze the origins and development of slavery in Britain’s North American colonies in the period 1607 to 1776.
AP 2010 In what ways did ideas and values held by Puritans influence the political, economic, and social DBQ development of the New England colonies from 1630 through the 1660’s
AP 2008 Early encounters between American Indians and European colonists led to a variety of relationships among the different cultures. Analyze how the actions taken by BOTH American Indians and European colonists shaped those relationships in TWO of the following regions. Confine your answer to the 1600’s

New England –Chesapeake –Spanish Southwest -New York and New France


AP 2007 Settler in the eighteenth-century American backcountry sometimes resorted to violent protest to express their grievances. Analyze the causes and significance of TWO of the following:

-March of the Paxton Boys -Regulator movement -Shay’s Rebellion -Whiskey Rebellion


AP 2006 Analyze the differences between the Spanish settlements in the Southwest and the English colonies in New England in the seventeenth century in terms of TWO of the following:

• Politics • Religion • Economic development


AP 2005 Compare and contrast the ways in which economic development affected politics in Massachusetts and Virginia in the period from 1607 to 1750.
AP 2005 “Geography was the primary factor in shaping the development of the British colonies in North

Alternate America.” Assess the validity of this statement for the 1600s.
AP 2004 In what ways did the French and Indian War (1754-63) alter the political, economic and ideological

DBQ relations between Britain and its American colonies? Use the documents and your knowledge

of the period 1740-1766 in constructing your response.


AP 2003 Compare the ways in which TWO of the following reflected tensions in colonial society.

Alternate

• Bacon’s Rebellion (1676) • Salem witchcraft trials (1692)

• Pueblo Revolt (1680) • Stono Rebellion (1739)
AP 2002 Compare the ways in which religion shaped the development of colonial society (to 1740) in

TWO of the following regions:


• New England • Chesapeake • Middle Atlantic
AP 2002 Analyze the impact of the Atlantic trade routes established in the mid-1600s on the economic

Alternate development in the British North American colonies. Consider the period 1650-1750.
AP 2001 How did the economic, geographic, and social factors encourage the growth of slavery as an important

part of the economy of the southern colonies between 1607 and 1775?


AP 2000 Analyze the cultural and economic responses of two of the following groups to the Indians of North

America before 1750.

• British •French •Spanish
AP 1998 Analyze the extent to which the religious freedom existed in the British North American colonies prior to

1700.
AP 1995 For the period before 1750, analyze the ways in which Britain’s policy of salutary neglect influenced the

development of American society as illustrated in the following: [1] legislative assemblies,

[2]commerce, [3] religion.


AP 1994 Analyze the ways in which TWO of the following influenced the development of American society.

  • Puritanism during the late seventeenth century

  • the Great Awakening during the eighteenth century

  • The Second Great Awakening during the nineteenth century


AP 1993 Although New England and the Chesapeake region were both settled largely by people of English origin,

DBQ by 1700 the regions had evolved into two distinct societies. Why did this difference in development

occur? Use the documents AND your knowledge of the colonial period up to 1700 to develop your

answer.
AP 1990 “Throughout the Colonial period, economic concerns had more to do with settling of British North

America than did religious concerns.” Assess the validity of this statement with specific reference to

economic and religious concerns.
AP 1987 “Britain’s wars for empire, far more than its mercantilist policies, dictated the economic fortunes of

Britain’s North American colonies in the eighteenth century.” Assess the validity of this statement


AP 1983 In the 17th century, New England puritans tried to create a model society. What were their aspirations,

and to what extent were those aspirations fulfilled during the 17th century?


AP 1979 During the seventeenth century and increasingly in the eighteenth century, British colonists in America

charged Great Britain with violating the ideals of rule of law, self-government, and ultimately,

equality of rights. Yet the colonists themselves violated these ideals in their treatment of Blacks,

Indians (Native Americans), and even the poorer classes of white settlers. Assess the validity of this

view. [Evaluate this statement]
AP 1978 Although the thirteen American colonies were founded at different times by people with different

motives and with different forms of colonial charters and political organization, by the Revolution

the thirteen colonies had become remarkably similar. Evaluate this statement. [Assess the validity

of this statement.]


Possible Before 1763 British mercantilist policy while restricting colonial economic development allowed

colonial political life to develop unhampered by the Mother Country. Assess the validity of this

statement. [Evaluate this statement.]
Possible In America the great issues of the 17th century were largely theological. Those of the 18th century

were largely political. Evaluate this statement. [Assess the validity of this statement.]


1763-1787 Revolutionary War and Constitutional Period
AP 2010 Analyze the political, diplomatic, and military reasons for the United States victory in the Revolutionary War. Confine your answer to the period 1775-1783
AP 2009 Analyze the ways in which British imperial policies between 1763 and 1776 intensified colonials’ resistance to British rule and their communities to Republican values
AP 2006 Discuss the changing ideals of American womanhood between the American Revolution (1770’s) and

DBQ outbreak of the Civil war. What factors fostered the emergence of “republican womanhood” and the

“cult of domesticity”? Assess the extent to which these ideals influenced the lives of women during

this period. In your answer be sure to consider issues of race and class. Use the documents and your

knowledge of the time period in constructing your response.


AP 2005 To what extent did the American Revolution fundamentally change American society? In your answer,

DBQ be sure to address the political, social, and economic effects of the Revolution in the period from 1775 to

1800.
AP 2005 To what extend was the United States Constitution a radical departure from the Articles of



Alternate Confederation?
AP 2004 In what ways did the French and Indian War (1754-63) alter the political, economic and

DBQ ideological relations between Britain and its American colonies? Use the documents and your knowledge

of the period 1740-1766 in constructing your response.


AP 2004 Analyze the impact of the American Revolution on both slavery and the status of women in the period

from 1775-1800.


AP 2003 Evaluate the extent to which the Articles of Confederation were effective in solving the problems that

confronted the new nation.


AP 2003 Although the power of the national government increased during the early republic, this development

Alternate often faced serious opposition. Compare the motives and effectiveness of those opposed to the growing

power of the national government in TWO of the following.


• Whiskey Rebellion (1794) • Hartford Conventions, 1814-1815

• Virginia & Kentucky Resolutions, 1798-1799 • Nullification Crisis, 1832-1833


AP 1999 To what extent had the colonists developed a sense of their identity and unity as Americans by the eve

DBQ of the Revolution? Use the documents and your knowledge of the period 1775 to 1776 to answer the

question.


AP 1997 Analyze the extent to which the American Revolution represented a radical alteration in American

political ideas and institutions. Confine your answer to the period of 1775 to 1800.


AP 1996 Analyze the degree to which the Articles of Confederation provided an effective form of government

with respect to any TWO of the following:

• Foreign relations • Western lands • Economic conditions
AP 1992 Evaluate the relative importance of the following as factors prompting Americans to rebel in 1776:

• parliamentary taxation • British military measures

• restriction of civil liberties • the legacy of colonial religious and political ideas
AP 1989 “In the two decades before the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War, a profound shift

occurred in the way many Americans thought and felt about the British government and their colonial

governments.” Assess the validity of this statement in view of the political and constitutional debates

of these decades.


AP 1988 “The history of the present King of great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpation, all

having, in direct object, the establishment of an absolute tyranny over these states.” Evaluate this

accusation made against George III in the Declaration of Independence.
AP 1986 “Despite the view of some historians that he conflict between Great Britain and its thirteen North

American colonies was economic in origin, in fact the American Revolution had its roots in politics

in other areas of American life.” Assess the validity of this statement.
AP 1985 From 1781 to 1789, the Articles of Confederation provided the United States with an effective

DBQ government. Using the documents and your knowledge of the period, evaluate this statement.
Possible After 1763, in the face of recurring crisis (problems), the colonists slowly developed a theory of

political independence. Describe these recurring crisis and explain how they led the colonists to develop

their theory of political independence.
Possible The Declaration of Independence issued a call for a democratic government of equal citizens which was

rejected by the writers of the Constitution who created an aristocratic government which benefitted only

the wealthy few. Evaluate this statement.
1787-1815 Federalist Period, Jeffersonian Era, and Era of Good Feelings
AP 2011 To what extent did political parties contribute to the development of national unity in the United States between 1790 and 1840
AP 2006 Discuss the changing ideals of American womanhood between the American Revolution (1770’s) and

DBQ the outbreak of the Civil War. What factors fostered the emergence of “republican womanhood” and the

“cult of domesticity”? Assess the extent to which these ideals influenced the lives of women during this

period. In your answer be sure to consider issues of race and class. Use the documents and your

knowledge of the time period in constructing your response.


AP 2006 “The United States Constitution of 1787 represented an economic and ideological victory for the

Alternate traditional American political elite.” Assess the validity of that statement for the period 1781-1789.
AP 2006 In what ways and to what extent was industrial development from 1800 to 1860 a factor in the

Alternate relationship between the northern and southern states.
AP 2005 To what extent did the American Revolution fundamentally change American society? In your answer,

DBQ be sure to address the political, social, and economic effects of the Revolution in the period from 1775

to 1800.
AP 2004 Analyze the impact of the American Revolution on both slaver and the status of women in the period

from 1775-1800.
AP 2004 To what extent was the election of 1800 aptly named the “Revolution of 1800”? Respond with

Alternate reference to TWO of the following areas:
• Economics • Judiciary

• Foreign policy • Politics


AP 2004 To what extent and in what ways did the roles of women change in American society between 1790

Alternate and 1860?
• Domestic • Political

• Economic • Social


AP 2002 Analyze the contributions of TWO of the following in helping establish a stable government after the

adoption of the Constitution.

• John Adams • Thomas Jefferson • George Washington
AP 2002 Historians have traditionally labeled the period after the War of 1812 the “Era of Good Feelings.”

DBQ Evaluate the accuracy of this label, considering the emergence of nationalism and sectionalism. Use

Alternate the documents and your knowledge of the period 1815-1825 to construct your answer.
AP 1998 With respect to the federal Constitution, the Jeffersonian Republicans are usually characterized as

DBQ strict constructionists who were opposed to the broad constructionism of the Federalists. To what

extent was this characterization of the two parties accurate during the presidencies of Jefferson

and Madison?
In writing your answer, use the documents and your knowledge of the period 1801-1817
AP 1997 Analyze the extent to which the American Revolution represented a radical alteration in American

political ideas and institutions. Confine your answer to the period 1775 to 1800.


AP 1997 Discuss the impact of territorial expansion on national unity between 1800 and 1850.
AP 1994 Evaluate the relative importance of domestic and foreign affairs in shaping American politics in the

1790’s.
AP 1993 Compare the expansionist foreign policies of Presidents Thomas Jefferson and James K. Polk. To what

extent did their policies strengthen the United States?
AP 1991 The Bill of Rights did not come from a desire to protect the liberties won in the American Revolution, but

rather from a fear of the powers of the new federal government. Assess the validity of this statement.



AP 1984 What evidence is there for the assertion that basic principles of the Constitution were firmly grounded in

the political and religious experience of America’s colonial and revolutionary periods?


AP 1977 The debate over the Alien & Sedition Acts of 1798 revealed bitter controversies on a number of issues.

DBQ Discuss the issues involved and explain why these controversies developed.
Possible • Why were political parties formed in the new Nation? What were the major differences among

political parties in the years 1791-1820?


Possible • The government under the Articles of Confederation has been considered a failure. Describe three

actions of the Confederation government and explain how they may or may not be considered

failures.
Possible • Each of the following individuals expressed strong opinions concerning the policies of the new

nation. What opinions were expressed by two of the following? Of the two, whose opinions had the

greatest impact on the new nation?
a) George Washington c) Thomas Jefferson

b) Alexander Hamilton d) John Marshall


1824-1850 Jacksonian Democracy, Social Reforms, and Manifest Destiny
AP 2009 Analyze the social, political, and economic, forces of the 1840s and early 1850s that led to the emergence of the Republican Party
AP 2008 Analyze the impact of the market revolution (1815-1860) on the economics of TWO of the following regions

-The Northeast -The Midwest -The South


AP 2007 In what ways did the Second Great Awakening in the North influence TWO of the following?

-Abolition –Temperance –The cult of domesticity –Utopian communities


AP 2006 Discuss the changing ideals of American womanhood between the American Revolution (1770’s) and

DBQ and the outbreak of the Civil War. What factors fostered the emergence of “republican womanhood” and

the “cult of domesticity”? Assess the extent to which these ideals influenced the lives of women during

this period. In your answer be sure to consider issues of race and class. Use the documents and your

knowledge of the time period in constructing your response.


AP 2006 In what ways and to what extent was industrial development from 1800 to 1860 a factor in the

Alternate relationship between the northern and southern states.
AP 2005 To what extent did the debates about the Mexican War and its aftermath reflect the sectional interests

of New Englanders, westerners, and southerners in the period from 1845 to 1855.


AP 2005 In the early nineteenth century, Americans sought to resolve their political disputes through compromise,

DBQ yet by 1860, this no longer seemed possible. Analyze the reasons for this change. Use the documents

Alternate and your knowledge of the period 1820-1860 in constructing your response.
AP 2005 Describe the patterns of immigration in TWO of the periods listed below. Compare and contrast the

responses of Americans to immigrants in these periods.


1820 to 1860 1965 to 2000

1880 to 1924


AP 2004 Analyze the effectiveness of political compromise in reducing sectional tensions in the period 1820

to 1861.
AP 2004 To what extent and in what ways did the roles of women change in American society between 1790



Alternate and 1860?
• Domestic • Political

• Economic • Social


AP 2003 In what ways did developments in transportation bring about economic and social change in the

United States in the period 1820 to 1860.


AP 2003 Although the power of the national government increased during the early republic, this development

Alternate often faced serious opposition. Compare the motives and effectiveness of those opposed to the growing

power of the national government in TWO of the following.


• Whiskey Rebellion (1794) • Hartford Conventions, 1814-1815

• Virginia & Kentucky Resolutions, 1798-1799 • Nullification Crisis, 1832-1833


AP 2002 “Reform movements in the United States sought to expand democratic ideals.” Assess the validity of

DBQ this statement with specific reference to the years 1825-1850
AP 2001 The Jacksonian period (1824-1845) has been celebrated as the era of the “common man”. To what extent

did the period live up to its characterization? Consider TWO of the following in your response:

• economic development • reform movements

• politics


AP 2000 Assess the moral arguments and political actions of those opposed to the spread of slavery in the context

of two of the following:

• Missouri Compromise • Compromise of 1850

• Mexican War • Kansas-Nebraska Act


AP 1999 How did TWO of the following contribute to the reemergence of a two party system in the period 1820

to 1840?


• Major political personalities • Economic issues

• States’ rights


AP 1997 Discuss the impact of territorial expansion on national unity between 1800 and 1850.
AP 1996 Analyze the extent to which TWO of the following influenced the development of democracy between

1820 and 1840

• Jacksonian economic policy • Second Great Awakening

• Changes in electoral politics • Westward movement


AP 1995 Analyze the ways in which supporters of slavery in the nineteenth century used legal, religious, and

economic arguments to defend the institution of slavery.


AP 1993 Compare the expansionist foreign policies of Presidents Thomas Jefferson and James K. Polk. To

what extent did their policies strengthen the United States?


AP 1993 In what ways did the early nineteenth-century reform movements for abolition and women’s rights

illustrate both the strengths and the weaknesses of democracy in the early American republic?


AP 1992 To what extent did the natural environment shape the development of the West beyond the Mississippi

DBQ and the lives of those who lived and settled there? How important were other factors? Use both

evidence from the documents and your knowledge of the period from the 1840’s through the 1890’s

to compare your answer.
AP 1992 Compare the debates that took place over the American expansionism in the 1840s with those that took

place in the 1890’s, analyzing the similarities and differences in the debates of the two eras.


AP 1991 Although historically represented as distinct parties, the Federalists and Whigs in fact shared a common

political ideology, represented many of the same interest groups, and proposed similar programs and

policies. Assess the validity of this statement.
AP 1991 From the1840’s through the 1890’s, women’s activities in the intellectual, social, economic, and political

spheres effectively challenged traditional attitudes about women’s place in society. Assess the validity

of this statement.
AP 1991 Although the economic development of the Trans-Mississippi West is popularly associated with hardy

individualism, it was in fact largely dependent on the federal government. Assess the validity of this

statement with specific reference to American expansionism in the nineteenth century.
AP 1990 Although Americans perceived Manifest Destiny as a benevolent movement, it was in fact an aggressive

imperialism pursued at the expense of others. Assess the validity of this statement with specific

reference to American expansionism in the 1840’s.
AP 1990 Jacksonian Democrats viewed themselves as the guardians of the United States Constitution political

DBQ democracy, individual liberty, and equality of economic opportunity. In light of the following documents

and your knowledge of the 1820s and 1830’s. To what extent do you agree with the Jacksonian’s view of

themselves?
AP 1989 “Developments in transportation, rather than in manufacturing and agriculture, sparked American

economic growth in the first half of the nineteenth century.” Assess the validity of this statement.



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