Lincoln Douglas Common Criteria Cost-Benefit Analysis

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Lincoln Douglas

Common Criteria

  1. Cost-Benefit Analysis

Values should be evaluated based on the comparison between the cost and the benefit of each value.

  1. Utilitarianism

That which provides the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people is the best course of action. (Jeremy Bentham / John Stewart Mill)

  1. Exigence & Salience

This standard contends that the most urgently needed, or most threatened value, as publicly recognized, is the higher value in any given situation.

  1. Categorical Imperative

Always act on that value (maxim) which can be made a universal law of conduct. (Immanuel Kant)

  1. Pragmatism

The meaning and truth of thought is determined by usefulness and practical consequences.

  1. Social Value Standard

Argumentation can be resolved by deducing which side in the debate is best upholding the previously established social values.

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