Life under the bolsheviks



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LIFE UNDER THE BOLSHEVIKS

THE COUP


The winter palace was not taken by a column of storming sailors, workers and soldiers.

Winter palace overrun by mobs which looted and vandalized interiors

Women defenders are said to have been raped by members of the mob

By 2:10 am the minsrters were taken to the peter-paul fortress—basrely escaping being lynched


Bolsheviks open CONGRESS at the Smolnyi

Have other socialists present

Almost no peasants presents;

Bolshevik dominated urban soviets

AGENDA: Governmental authority

War and peace

Constituent Assembly

Allow debates in the beginning

Oponents called “pitiful entities” and bankrupts whose place was on the garbage heap of history” TROTSKY

OCTOBER 26 – Lenin appears before the congress

Decree on Peace

Open negotiations

Decree on Land

All land except that of peasants was to be confiscated and turned over the state

Decree that sets up new government: COUNCIL OF PEOPLE’S COMMISSARS – Lenin chairman

To serve until the convocation in a month of constituent assembly

Add commissiar of nationality affairs – STALIN

All commissars were members of PARTY

WHY DO THEY HAVE TO HAVE AN AIR OF LEGALITY

Don’t know it Kerensky will return with help


Bolsheviks have to fight for Moscow


  1. the vast majority of russians did not know what happened

that the Bolsheviks had within a few days assumed full power

Trotsky’s deception had disguised the power seizure as transfer of power to the societs

Seemed to be a legal resolution of government crisis

No official document

No use of word socialism in early weeks

No one regretted fall of PG


NEW PROBLEM

NOW THAT THEY HAD POWER WHAT

Lenin knew he would have unlimited power but had to maintain the fiction

By end of 1917 had eliminated possibility of opposition

Ended labor unions and strikes through violence and propaganda

Did away with consultative bodies

BREST LITOVSK

How soviet foreign policy would be conducted

Highest priority to the rentention of political power

No price too high to maintain power – everything could be sacrificed : land honor resources and human lives




  1. Soviet Russia is the embodiments of the international socialist movement and the base from which the socialist cause is promoted

  2. To purchase temporary advantages it is permissable to make peace with imperialist countries but such peace must be treated as an armed truce to be broken when situation changes in one’s favor

  3. Politics being warfare, foreign policy must be conducted without emotion and with closest attention paid to correlation of forces

  4. Communist interests must be promoted by the application of divide and conquer

Create conflict between bourgeoisie and other groups or countries

WAR COMMUNISM

The name given to the economic policy of the Soviet Government during the years of the civil war and foreign interventions in the USSR, 1918-1920. Policy dicatted by the exception difficulties caused by the civil war and economic devastation
Not a temporary measure but a premature attempt to introduce full blown communism

Systematic regimatation that according to Trotsky would develop into a system of planned economy in distribution as well as production. From war communism they hoped to go directly to genuine communism


Systematic assault on the institution of private property

Nationalization of means of production

Natonalization of commerce and trade

Eliminate money in favor of state regulated barter

National economy of a single plan

Introduction of compulsoruy labor or all male adults, and on occasion women, children and elders

Did not work and was replaced by NEP in 1921

Massacre of the tsar and his family

Unnecessary

Did not have to kill off the wife and children

The more lives the B’s had on their consciences, the greater the collective guilt and the greater the bonding of the B rank and file

Beginns the RED TERROR

Those whose death was needed

A GOVERNMENT POLICY BASED ON NOT WHAT PEOPLE HAD DONE OR EVEN MIGHT DO BUT BECAUSE THEIR DEATH IS NEEDED

The beginning of deliberate, government ordered and planned genocide
THE TERROR the b’s practiced terror from the day they seized power intersifying it as their power grew and their polularity declined

CHEKA –early december 1917

Begins incomplete secrecy

Began as a way of ridding russia of reactionaries

Was to be abandonned – never was

Lenin its most determined instigator

Involve the masses in the terror – example of pogroms which kept the government and the people together

Regime instituted purges

Begins with prostitutes, drunken soldiers, ex-officers

Will go against the KULAKS – private land owners

In 1918

6300 executions



  1. for counterrevolutionary activity

WHY THE TERROR

Th save the revolution

Visitors to Russia from Europe and US bought into propaganda that the terror was over by 1920

Ends russia’s eixisting legal system with a stroke of the pen

“People’s courts”

1918 – Fannie Kaplan’s attempt on Lenin’s life

inaugurated a deliberate policy of deifying

lenin


his recovery made to seem near miraculous’ proof of his immortality

a latter day christ come to save humanity



always very spartan in his ways

ascetic lifestyle


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