Life in New France Canadian History XI



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Life in New France

Canadian History XI
Fill in the blanks with key words or phrases from this power point
Key Points:


  • I. Quebec and the fur trade (1608)

    • The Company of 100 Associates (Company of New France)




  • II. Louis XIV and the Creation of New France

    • Government

    • Military

    • The Seigneurial System:

    • Engagés and slaves

    • Filles de Roi




  • III. Population growth



1. _____________________________________________________________



  • Created in 1627 by Cardinal Richelieu

  • Given control of fur trade

  • In return had to populate New France

2. _____________________________________________________________

  • Cancelled in 1663 by Louis XIV

  • They had not fulfilled their part of the bargain

  • Appointed _______________________________________

3. ______________________________________________________________



  • Hierarchical and rigidly structured

  • 2 most powerful people:

    • Governor

    • Intendant

  • Third most powerful was ______________________________

4. Louis XIV/Colbert



Governor (Military)


Intendant (Justice/Finances)

Bishop of _______________________________________


Military officers, merchants, church leaders, seigneurs


Habitants ___________________________________


(96.5-97% of population)

___________________/Domestic Servants/Slaves


5. _____________________________________________________________________

  • Bishop appointed by King

  • Church disproved of sin

  • Rules of the Church often reflected in secular law as well

  • Church and state therefore linked


6. ____________________________________________________________________

7. ______________________________________________________________________



  • A system of land distribution

  • Seigneurs – noblemen – owned the land and “rented” it to habitants

  • Seigneurs had to:

    • be loyal to the King

    • bring settlers to NF from France to settle and farm this land called a ______________________________________________________

8. ______________________________________________________________________



  • Build roads

  • Build a mill and an oven for making bread

  • Held a court where he was responsible for settling any disputes that might arise

  • ____________________________________ could not be evicted from their land nor could they be prevented from selling their lands.

9. ______________________________________________________________________


The habitant owed his seigneur three or four days free labour each year– this obligation was called a ________________________________________. This was considerably less than peasants in France owed their lords.

The habitant was responsible for keeping the section of road (built by the seigneur) which crossed his land in good condition.

The habitant gave one bag of flour for every 14 in payment for the use of the seigneur's mill

The habitant had to ________________________ – in money, if it was available, but more often in the form of farm produce or fish or some material good

The habitant also paid a tithe for the upkeep of a church and its priest.
10. ___________________________________________________________________


  • Not habitant or soldier…

  • Poor unmarried young men

  • Worked as servants – __________________________________________

  • Could not marry

  • Could not conduct trade

  • Could be beaten or killed

  • Many left, but many stayed in New France

11. ____________________________________________________________________



  • New France had slaves

  • _________________________________in Montreal

  • Some Africans, but most were Natives

  • Not like slavery of US south

12. ____________________________________________________________________



  • Most in New France were men

  • 1663-1673 King brings over women to marry men

  • 770 in total

  • Most young (under 25), most ________________________________

13. _____________________________________________________________________



  • 1660s: ______________________________

  • 1680s: ______________________________

  • 1750s: ______________________________

14. _____________________________________________________________________



  • High fertility

  • _________________________________________

  • Social conditions

  • _________________________________________

15. ____________________________________________________________________



  • Society was __________________________________________

  • But habitant life sometimes blurred the boundaries between men’s and women’s work

  • Gender roles more sharply defined for ____________________________

16. _____________________________________________________________________



  • ___________________________of women in New France joined religious orders

  • Were not cloistered

  • The ______________________________________Nuns ran a hospital



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