Lesson Life in Mill Villages in South Carolina 2nd Grade Objectives



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Cross-Curricular


 Math- Students will practice buying merchandise with money.  Students will practice counting money.

ELA-05.2-W3.1 Demonstrate the ability to respond to texts both orally and in writing.



The students will respond to the “Textile Life” poem orally.  They will also create a writing reflection in response to participating in the mill store and learning about mill life.  Students will imagine being children that worked in the mills.

Teacher Explanation Outline
Mill Villages

  • By 1900 most mill workers lived in the mill villages.

  • Houses had no sewage system.

  • Families had to go outside to the outhouse to use the bathroom.

  • Most families had to go to the common well to get water to use for cooking, drinking, or bathing.

  • Villages contained churches, schools, barber shops, doctors offices, and of course the mill itself.

  • Preachers would preach according to what the mill owners wanted the workers to believe.

Roles of Men and Women

  • African American men usually did the heaviest, hardest work.

  • They moved cotton and loaded the finished goods.

  • White women usually worked in the spinning room.

  • African American women were not allowed to work at the mills at all.

  • Men worked as weavers, loom fixers, carders, or supervisors.

  • Adults worked ten to twelve hour days six days a week having Sunday off.

  • White men ran the mills. They were in charge of the mill villages.

Children’s Roles

  • Children went to school until they were twelve years old. After that they were sent to work at the mills.

  • Children that worked in the mills usually did the jobs of spinning and spooling.

  • Boys worked as weavers.

  • When children were not at school they did a lot of the household chores because their parents worked long shifts.

  • The children took care of the animals and cleaned.

  • Children would often come in and out of the mills. Sometimes they would bring meals to their parents to eat during a break.

Salary

  • Most people earned between $4.50 and $5.50 a week. Today minimum wage is $5.85 an hour.

  • Some mills paid in cash and some paid in “looneys” or tokens.

  • Tokens could be redeemed at the mill store for general merchandise.

  • Later we will see what kinds of goods are sold at the mill store.



CATEGORY

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Information

The writing contains quality information about textile mill life. The student includes at least three examples to support the information that he or she found during the activity.

The writing contains some information about textile mill life. The student only includes one example from the activity.

The writing includes some information about textile mill life. The student does not include any examples from the activity.

The writing provides no information on textile mill life. The student only discusses an overview of the activity.

The student does not include any information or any examples from the activity.

Reflection

The student clearly addresses all bulleted points:

- Your experience in the mill store

- Having only three dollars what would you have chosen to buy? (Practical response)

- Is three dollars a week enough to survive in your opinion?



The student clearly addresses some bulleted points:

- Your experience in the mill store

- Having only three dollars what would you have chosen to buy? (Practical response)

- Is three dollars a week enough to survive in your opinion?



The student generally addresses all the bulleted points:

- Your experience in the mill store

- Having only three dollars what would you have chosen to buy? (Practical response)

- Is three dollars a week enough to survive in your opinion?



The student generally addresses some of the bulleted points:

- Your experience in the mill store

- Having only three dollars what would you have chosen to buy? (Practical response)

- Is three dollars a week enough to survive in your opinion?



The student does not reflect on their experience at the mill store.

Content: STYLE - Sentence Fluency

Demonstrates skillful sentence fluency (varies length, good flow rhythm, and varied structure).

Demonstrates reasonable sentence fluency.

Demonstrates minimal sentence fluency.

Sentence fluency is lacking.

The writing is entirely illegible and not able to score.

Following directions

The student clearly followed all directions in the activity and the reflection writing. He or she was quiet and listened carefully to directions.

The student clearly followed all directions in the activity and reflection writing but did not remain quiet.

The student followed most of the directions in the activity and reflection writing. He or she was too talkative and did not hear the instructions.

The student did not follow the directions for the activity. He or she needs to remain quiet and listen carefully to directions.

The student followed no directions and did not listen to any instructions.



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