The level of severity in the questioning. As measured by the verb used: smashed, collided, bumped, hit and contacted.
The estimated speed recalled as measured in mph on the questionnaire. There were 7 films the participants responded to this question about.
The level of severity in the leading question as measured by the verbs smashed and hit along with a control group.
The recall of false memories as measured by the recall of broken glass or not (Yes/ No) in one film of a multiple car crash.
Grant et al (1998)
The context as measured by the silent or noisy conditions. The silent condition had headphones with no noise transmitted and the noisy condition heard a moderately loud background noise through headphones.
The reading comprehension as measured by the reading time in minutes in a reading test and the mean number correct on the two tests. There was a maximum score of 10 on the short-answer test and 16 in the multiple choice test.