Stereotypes Grouping Strategies: whole group Materials Needed:
PowerPoint and/or Handout 1
Students will look at pictures of 4 people and guess their job. Have students look at the pictures on slides 1,2,3, and 4. Have them vote what each person’s job is. Have a student keep a tally on the board. Optionally, have students complete Handout 1 as you go through the slides.
Picture 1 is a Supreme Court Justice (Sonia Sotomayor) slide 1
Picture 2 is a
Discuss the correct answers:Assuming most stereotyped, discuss why most people thought each person had a different job than they do.
Introduce the term ‘stereotype’. (PowerPoint Slide 4)
Have students think about Americans. Some possible guiding questions:
When you hear the word American, what is the first thing you think of?
What are the images you see in movies and on T.V of Americans?
What does an American look like?
What does an American man look like? woman?
Where do Americans live? What do their homes look like?
Have students brainstorm as many ideas as they can about what they or other people think or have thought in the past about what an American is.
Discuss their ideas- are all Americans like this? These are stereotypes.
Show PowerPoint slide 1-and discuss the definition of stereotype. Ask “Who is this? It is Supreme Court Justice, Sonia Maria Sotomayor. She is the first Hispanic justice on the court. Then, continue with the others. They are:
Kindergarten Teacher (Rocco Marchionda) slide 2
Construction Worker (Katie Stamps) slide 3
Policeman (Patrick Griffiths) slide 4
3. Have you heard stereotypes about your nationality? Perhaps share some of the stereotypes.
What happens when people are stereotyped? Sometimes discrimination, hate crimes, sometimes laws are made targeted to certain groups of people based on stereotypes.Discuss the words ‘discrimination’, ‘hate crime’ and laws that target immigrants. You can use PowerPoint Slides 4-7 to guide the discussion.
Immigration History Grouping Strategies:
1. History of Immigration in the United States- Prezi
Discuss nativism beginning with the definition on PowerPoint Slide 8
Review the different forms of nativism:
Use the Prezi time line to introduce students to the long history of immigration and nativism against immigrants in the United States.
2. Exploring Types of Nativism:
Use PowerPoint slides 14-18 to explore different types of nativism against the Germans in colonial times and beyond.
Have students use Handout 2 to note which pictures demonstrate each type of nativism for the German row.
Have students look at various pictures on the PowerPoint of nativism against the Irish Catholics, and the Chinese. Have students categorize them according to the type of nativism.
Write on the board, “What is this?” “This is…” In pairs or small groups, have students ask and answer the question, ‘What is this?” “This is discrimination”, “This is a hate crime”, etc. Review as a whole class first.
Have students gather in small groups or pairs around computers or tablets. They will ask and answer the questions and use Handout 2 to note which pictures demonstrate each type of nativism for rows 2 and 3. If needed, guide students through completing the second row about Irish Catholics providing the level of support needed by your unique students. *If you don’t have the necessary technology, you can print out the pictures from the PowerPoint, or display pictures on a large screen one at a time and have students discuss each one.
Materials Needed: Handout 3: Line Drill pictures, cut
Handout 3 copies or projected on screen
Project the line drill sheet on the screen. Review the four types of Nativism with students. Have students look at each column. What are these examples of? Write on the board, “What is this?” “This is…” Have students answer, “This is a law that affects immigrants”, “This is a hate crime”. Etc.
Hand out cut out line drill pictures to the students and have them do a line drill, asking and answering the question. See teacher resources for directions on how to do a line drill.
Current examples of Nativism Grouping Strategies:
Whole group, individual Materials Needed:
Bring in pictures that show examples of current Nativism.
Infographics (links in teacher resources)
Use PowerPoint slides 26 and 27 to review the cycle of immigration and nativism against the most recent immigrants.
Brainstorm current examples of nativism as a class.
Use pictures on PowerPoint, the infographics in teacher resources, or local examples you collect, and/or these guiding questions to get the discussion going:
Have you personally experienced stereotyping, discrimination, hate crimes, or laws targeted to immigrants?
Have any of your family, friends, or neighbors experienced nativism?
Have you heard reports on the TV or in the newspaper of nativism?
History of Immigration Prezi: http://prezi.com/oo9vxyi83wba/edit/#56_156106
The Prezi is designed with multiple layers, choose the level of depth based on the unique needs of your students. For example, you can skip some of the written sections, focus more on the pictures with your own annotation at the student’s level, and you can choose to watch the videos or not.
Line A stays still. Each person from Line B stands in front of someone from Line A. The pairs practice asking and answering the question. Then all the students in line B move one person to the right and the new pairs practice the dialog. The last person in Line B goes to the beginning of their line. A A A A A
B B B B B
Use these resources to discuss current examples of nativism:
Choose a country and scroll thru the years to see the history of immigration from that country
Suggestions for adapting the lesson to higher levels: Warm Up:
Use Poll Everywhere to have students vote for what each person’s job is for the stereotyping activity.
Perhaps create charts with topics for the Stereotype activity- pass around and have students work in small groups to add to them..
(If you think students will find ‘Americans’ offensive, you can say “people in the U.S.”, etc.
People in the United States are…
Food in the U.S. is…
Americans on TV and in Movies are…
American homes are….
Have students List 4-5 stereotypes of a group you belong to- race, religion, gender
Read these 2 statements. Do you agree or disagree?
#1 The United States is a sanctuary for the world's victims of oppression and poverty, and provides hope and opportunity to start a new life.
#2 immigrants to the United States are treated very differently than natives.
How do natives know people are immigrants? Are their guesses always correct? Why? Discuss first generation immigrants vs. second or multi-generation immigrants
Your presentation of the Prezi can be more in-depth. Extend the lesson by watching the videos.
Discuss each slide in more detail.
Line Drill: Use additional cards, so each student in both lines have a card. You can add or substitute pictures with only words, include other historical examples, and/or use some current examples of nativism.
Use the cartoons in slides 28-30 to discuss and review the waves of immigration and nativism.
Have students brainstorm recent examples in small groups.
Provide a rubric for time lines
Time lines can be more detailed and include more writing
US Citizenship Questions which could be addressed in this lesson:
Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?
American Indians, or Native Americans
Name one American Indian tribe in the United States.