Lecture 11: History Writing in the 1960s and 1970s and the ‘linguistic turn’



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Death of the author:
We can clearly see this in the text you’ve read for today The death of the author published in 1967. Barthes's essay argues against traditional literary criticism's practice of incorporating the intentions and biographical context of an author in an interpretation of a text. Instead he argues that writing and creator are unrelated.

Barthes notes that the traditional critical approach to literature raises a thorny problem: how can we detect precisely what the writer intended? His answer is that we cannot. And because we cannot, we tend to use the ‘contex’t as an explanation. And e think that is cheating!

He argues for a new way of understanding and readings texts:
In his essay, Barthes argues against the method of reading and criticism that relies on aspects of the author's identity — their political views, historical context, religion, ethnicity, psychology, or other biographical or personal attributes —




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