Ever since the creation of an independent Jewish state of Israel in 1945, there have been tensions in the middle east. This conflict is more complex than the conflicts of the Israelies and the Palestinians, but is focused on each states position in the conflict, as well as many of the states inability to modernize. This conflict is very important because it involves all the Arab states because of the small region of land that makes up the Middle East as well as northern Africa.
This conflict has led to wars, arms race, and the loss of thousands of innocent lives. Some incidents such as the building of a wall in the region, caused families to be separated, and even caused some people to not be able to get to work. This ongoing conflict contributes to the failing economies of the nations in the region and it becomes a threat to the national community when arms races are taking place. Leaders of the main parties in the conflict keep changing making it even harder to reach a solution. In 2006 Israel went to war with Lebanon for 34 days killing many of our Lebanese civilians and destroying our infrastructure. Currently states are in turmoil because they do not know what to expect.
The creation of the League of Arab States is probably the most important committee created because of the Arab-Israeli conflict. The committee has tried and tried again to work on solutions for this conflict and get closer and closer each time. A few times the Security Council had to jump in and demand a ceasefire because of the ongoing conflicts. The League of Arab states was created to “ safeguard their independence and sovereignty and to consider in a general way the affairs and interests of the Arab Countries.”
In May of 1947, The United Nations also established the United Nations Special Committee on Palestine (UNSCOP) comprised of 11 neutral nations to investigate and make recommendations to consider the Palestinian conflict. The United States also tried resolving the conflict with a partition plan that divided the Palestinian and Israeli states making Jerusalem a proposed international zone. The Arab League as well as Israel did not agree to this. The UN also contributed in the proposed Road Map to peace.
Though not by choice, the Lebanese Republic has been a part of the ongoing Arab-Israeli conflict. Because of our vicinity, our nations sovereignty has been violated. The conflict has actually extended into our own borders. Thousands of refugees are still in our nation today because of the conflict, and we like many nations are simply tired of it. We have said and continue to say that there can be no solution to this conflict if Israel doesn’t respect the sovereignty of other nations, because how are we supposed to accept them as a nation if they constantly break national rules.
In 1990, Lebanon and Syria signed the Taif Agreement, which stated that “ Lebanon is linked to Syria by distinctive ties deriving strength from kinship, history, and common interests” and calls for the “ coordination and cooperation between the two countries” that would serve the “ interests of the two countries within the framework of sovereignty and independence of each.” This has been a strong component of our states policy. Through the bombing of Syrian nuclear reactor, we question if we can trust this Israeli state who continue to show nothing but disrespect to surrounding nations.
In 1982, Israel, concerned about growing PLO units operating from Lebanon and attacking Israeli settlements in the north, launched an attack on the PLO in Lebanon. In addition to PLO fighting units, the Syrian army, which had firmly established itself in Lebanon, was Israel's principal opposition. According to Chaim Herzog, author of a definitive history of Israel's wars, the Syrian forces, well supplied with modern Soviet equipment, fought very effectively. Nevertheless, the Israeli army prevailed in the battles and could have advanced to Damascus. The fact that it did not indicates that Syria's claim of fear about Israel's expansionist motives is not supported by evidence. After a costly struggle that drew Israel into the increasingly com-placated Lebanese civil war and generated domestic opposition to its involvement in Lebanon, Israel withdrew in June 1985. However, Israel maintains a military presence in a section of southern Lebanon which serves as a buffer zone and prevents widespread terrorist incursions into Israel from the north.
In 2006 we entered yet another war with Israel. They responded with massive air strikes and artillery fire on targets throughout Lebanon, an air and naval blockade, and a ground invasion of southern Lebanon. In Lebanon the conflict killed over 1,500 people, mostly civilians, severely damaged infrastructure, displaced about one million people. Israel suffered nearly 4,000 rockets being launched into northern Israel causing the death of 42 civilians and the displacement half a million Israelis. Normal life across much of Lebanon and northern Israel was disrupted. These are besides the deaths in combat.
Lebanon supports United Nations resolution A/59/471 which calls to fact the applicability of the Geneva conventions to civilian persons in time of war. Including the Palestinian territory. We also support general assembly resolution A/RES/59/32 which notes that what Israel is doing in Jerusalem is illegal and is therefore null and void.
Lebanon first and foremost wants to reiterate that this conflict cannot be solved if Israel continues to not respect the sovereignty of the international community. Because Israel is not in the League of Arab States, any solution we come up with is futile unless agreed to by Israel itself. Major solutions that involves the expulsion of the Israeli state are unrealistic because of their support from the United States, and the fact that no nation wants to enter World War III.
Lebanon has created a four point plan that can have major positive effects on the conflict. The Lebanon Plan consists of first a complete ceasefire to all nations involved in conflict. It then goes to the exchanging of prisoners of war as well as hostages of hot spot areas. The next part calls for an international peace conference with unbiased moderators that can help with the issue. Finally the plan calls for UN peacekeepers to monitor the ceasefire.
Some road blocks to this plan include the idea of Israel not agreeing. Because we cannot force Israel to do anything without invading its sovereignty, all we can do is make suggestions and hope that overall peace is where all states want to be in the future. Another roadblock is the consequences to the violation of the ceasefire. Once again we cannot do anything to serious without invading the countries sovereignty and must leave that up to the United Nations Security Council to decide a proper punishment.