Leader Analysis Sheet



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Leader Analysis Sheet

Name of Leader: khomeini


Lifespan: born on 24 September 1902

Title: Iranian, 'Ayatollah',

Country/region: Iran

Years in Power: 1962 to 1979,

Political, Social, & Economic Conditions Prior to Leaders Gaining Power


  • It recalls the religious fervor of the Mahdi’s nineteenth-century movement in the Sudan by emphasizing religious purification and the rejoining of religion and politics central to early Islam.

  • Both movements called for a return to a golden age and were directed against Western-backed governments.

  • Nationalistic fervers that were becoming more agressive.

  • Arabs became more aware of their imporant resources and became against the European powers.

Ideology, Motivation, Goals:

  • He practically launched his fight against the shah's regime (the king's rule) in 1962, which led to the eruption of a religious and political rebellion on June 5, 1963.

  • Khomeini's religious and political ideas became more extreme and his entry into active political opposition reflected a combination of events in his life.



Significant Actions & events During Term of Power


  • The Iranian Revolution directed by Ayatollah Khomeini presented a fundamental challenge to the existing world order. It recalls the religious fervor of the Mahdi’s nineteenth-century movement in the Sudan by emphasizing religious purification and the rejoining of religion and politics central to early Islam.

  • The Mahdi and Khomeini claimed divine inspiration and sought to establish a state based on Islamic precepts.

  • Each wanted to spread their movement to wider regions. Khomeini succeeded because of circumstances unique to Iran, a nation not formally colonized, but divided into British and Russian spheres of interest.

  • Iran thus lacked colonial bureaucratic and communications infrastructures as well as a large Western-educated middle class.




Short-Term effects:

  • Ayatollah Khomeini was the founder and supreme leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran.

  • The only leader in the Muslim world who combined political and religious authority as a head of state, he took office in 1979.

  • Khomeini's politics have since then been a politics of world Islamist revolution, and support has been given to some groups in other countries fighting for Islam with military means.


Long-Term Effects

  • Modernization policies, supported by Iran’s oil wealth, were imposed by the regime of the Pahlavi shahs.

  • Advances resulted, but the majority of Iranians were alienated.

  • The shah’s authoritarian rule offended the middle class his ignoring of Islamic conventions roused religious leaders who were influential with the mass of the people.

  • Khomeini then carried through radical reform, the religious figures took over leadership and suppressed all opposition.



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