Leader Analysis Sheet Name of Leader: Mao Zedong

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Leader Analysis Sheet

Name of Leader: Mao Zedong

Lifespan- (December 26, 1893 – September 9, 1976

Title: 1st Chairman of the Communist party of China

Country/region: China

Years in Power- March 20, 1943 – September 9, 1976

Political, Social, & Economic Conditions Prior to Leaders Gaining Power

  •  Nationalists built their power primarily on the support of urban businesspeople and merchants

  • 90% of the population was the peasantry and they were miserable following the long period of government ineffectiveness

  • A brutal massacre occurred in Shanghai in 1927, where many workers were gunned down or beheaded.

  • Chiang Kai-shek's anticommunist crusade had been interrupted by the Japanese invasion of the Chinese mainland

  • the Japanese invaders captured much of the Chinese coast, where the cities were the centers of the business and mercantile backers

Ideology, Motivation, Goals:

  • As a boy he attended the Whampoa Military Academy which connected military and was found by Soviets

  • He was born as a peasant

  • He rebelled against his father when he was a boy for exploiting the tenants and laborers who worked the family fields

  • He was educaded in history and philosophy

  • Mao was interested in thinkers such as Li Dazhao, who wanted to solve the peasant problem

  • An attack on the communist rural stronghold in south central China, supported by German advisors, caused Mao to spearhead a Long March of 90,000 followers in 1934.

Significant Actions & events During Term of Power

  • By 1949 the war was over, Chiang fled to Taiwan and Mao proclaimed the establishment as the People's Republic of China.

  • Mao made uplifting the peasants, land reforms, access to education, and improved healthcare the central elements

  • in the early 1960s, China beat India in a brief war over border disputes, and that showed their new military strength

  • China played a role in the liberation of the south of Vietnam

  • Mao and his supporters pushed the Mass Line approach that led to the formation of agricultural cooperatives in 1955, and began farming collectives that accounted for more than 90% of China’s peasant population.

  •  Mao launched the Great Leap Forward in 1958, which proposed industrialization of small-scale projects, and restoring a mass, rural base, but it was a disaster and ended in 1960.

Short-Term effects:

  • a Stalinist style five year plan was employed in 1953, and urban workers began to be seen as the hope for new China.

Long-Term Effects

  • Between 1950 and 1952 most of the landlord class was disposed

  • Birth control was seen as a symptom of capitalist selfishness and inability to provide a decent living for all of the people, which led to China’s population being about 1.3 billion

  • The victory of the revolution brought women to legal equality with men. And Jian Qing, his wife played a major rule.

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