During the late 18th and early 19th centuries, the French, Spanish and Portuguese colonies of North, Central and South America and the Caribbean experienced wars of independence that resulted in their political independence from their European mother countries. These wars for independence began after the American & French Revolutions successfully overthrew the monarchy. By the middle of the 19th century, virtually all of Mexico, Central and South America was free from European control. Haiti, a French slave colony, was the first “New World” colony to follow the North Americans to independence.
The causes of these revolts are numerous and complex. However, there were several long term and immediate factors that instigated (caused) these events throughout all the colonies. These general factors have been identified and discussed in class. Despite the many reasons for discontent, Spanish colonists found their opportunity (“dramatic act”) for rebellion when Napoleon invaded and conquered Spain – turmoil in the European “motherland” provided the perfect excuse to revolt without being accused of treason. Even though the specific events of each nation’s revolution were a direct result of its particular circumstances, these broad factors were universal to all Latin American movements for independence / rebellions. When the Congress of Vienna restored the “legitimate” monarchs in 1815, the King of Spain expected the Latin American colonies to “come back to the fold” of Spanish rule. The colonies refused to do so, and continued fighting for independence. By 1825, most of Latin America was independent from Spain.
To what extent was Latin America able to successfully implement the Enlightenment or revolutionary goals it set out to establish (at independence) by the end of the 19th century (1899 / 1900)? To what extent was Latin America able to change its legacy of colonialism by the end of the 19th century? Task:
Write a Research Paper Outline that coherently and cohesively answers the Essential Research Question listed above.
INTRODUCTION with PRELIMINARY THESIS / TOPIC SENTENCE OUTLINE / CONCLUSION with in-text citations -- 50 POINTS
DUE: __Mon., Dec. 21 on turnitin.com – 50 points
RE-WRITE OF THE INTRODUCTION / THESIS / TOPIC SENTENCE OUTLINE / CONCLUSION with in-text citations– 100 PTS.
DUE: Tues., Jan. 12, 2016
GUIDELINES / REQUIREMENTS:
• min. of 2 pages, not including the Annotated Bibliography
• Times New Roman font. Size 10, 11 OR 12. 1 inch margins. 1.5 spaced.
• No title page, but Title on the Top of the first page. Name at the beginning of the paper.
• Research: For this assignment, the research is provided for you.
You must submit Annotations for each of your sources. Your Annotated Bibliography should follow proper format requirements (check Library website or handout). The annotations should be written in short paragraph form and should address the following questions:
• How did I find this source? “It was provided by Ms. Valentin.”
• For what research questions was the source useful?
• How did the information help in my analysis / research task?
• The annotation should be no less than 3 sentences.
You must provide in-text citations in your introduction, topic sentence outline and the Final Re-Write
The in-text citations will come from your research sheets for the research I provided.
CONTINUE ON TO NEXT PAGE – PLEASE MAKE SURE TO PRINT SEVERAL RESEARCH SHEETS AND HAVE THEM WITH YOU WHEN YOU COME TO THE LIBRARY. Use the Research Sheet provided. Please note that these Research Notes are the “note cards” for this research paper assignment.