7. Mexico has a president who is elected by the people. The powers of the central government are restricted and regional authorities retain a degree of self-government. Ultimate power rests with the voters who choose their governmental representatives. Which of the following terms BEST describes Mexico's form of government today?
A. Military Dictatorship
B. Federal Republic
C. Constitutional Monarchy
D. Parliamentary Democracy
8. Cuba has a type of government in which the ruler has absolute power and is not restricted by a constitution, laws, or the citizens. Name the type of government.
D. to decrease the prices of exported goods so people in other countries will buy the foreign nation's product over one from home
13. Canada and Mexico are SIMILAR in that lowering trade barriers between these two nations has resulted in both nations experiencing
A. growth in their economies.
B. increases in unemployment.
C. increases in the prices of consumer goods.
D. decreases in the quality of consumer goods.
14. Use the information in the box below to answer this question. In order to produce a good or a service, four factors of production are needed—natural resources (land), human resources (labor), capital resources (buildings and machinery), and entrepreneurship (organization).
A sixth-grade class decides to open a popcorn stand. The stand and the popcorn popper are examples of which factor of production?
15. Which country had the most significant impact on the language and religion of Latin America?
16. After a ten-year struggle, Haiti was the first nation in Latin America to gain independence in 1804. How did Haiti win its independence from France?
A. in a revolution started by Simón Bolívar
B. when the British defeated Napoleon at Waterloo
C. in a revolt led by the former slave, Toussaint L'Ouverture
D. as part of the treaty at the end of the French and Indian War
17. A book about the history of Latin America during the 1800s featuring Toussaint L'Ouverture, Simon Bolivar and Miguel Hidalgo, would most likely have which title?
A. The Rise of Communism in Latin America
B. Independence Movements in Latin America
C. United States Colonies in Latin America
D. The Rise of the Slave Trade in Latin America
18. In the 1800s, Miguel Hidalgo helped to inspire the people of Mexico to rise up against which country to eventually gain independence?
19. The African slave trade grew because European nations wanted the captured Africans
A. to work in the new factories.
B. to replace the labor of the serfs.
C. to work on the plantations in their colonies.
D. to increase the number of soldiers in their armies.
20. Spain colonized many countries in Latin America. How is Spain's influence still seen in these countries today?
A. No Native American customs and languages have survived.
B. The king of Spain is still the head of state of most of these countries.
C. Most of the people in these countries are Roman Catholic.
D. Most of these countries have a strong democratic tradition.
"The Liberator" who led Venezuela, Columbia, Peru, Bolivia, and Ecuador in their successful fight for independence from Spain was ________________________.
A. Simon Bolivar.
B. Miguel Hidalgo.
C. Jose de San Martin.
D. Toussaint L'Ouverture.
22. In the 1500s, the Incan civilization was conquered by Spanish soldiers led by
A. Ferdinand Magellan.
B. Francisco Pizarro.
D. Vasco da Gama.
23. In the 1500s the Aztec Empire in Central America was conquered by Spanish soldiers led by
A. James Cook.
C. Hernando Cortés.
D. Christopher Columbus.
24. Cortes and Pizarro were able to conquer the Aztecs and the Incas because
A. the Native Central Americans were peaceful and refused to fight the Spanish soldiers.
B. the Aztec navy was quickly defeated by the superior Spanish Armada.
C. the Aztecs and Incas were at war with each other, making them weaker.
D. European diseases killed many Native Central Americans who might have fought the Spanish.