Latin America Assessment



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1. The ecology of Brazil's rain forest is most threatened by which of these human activities?

A. building dams

B. drilling for oil

C. cutting down trees

D. draining swamps

2. Which poses the greatest threat to the rain forest in Brazil?


A. drilling for oil

B. pollution of rivers

C. logging in the rain forest

D. growth of large industries

3. Which Latin-American country is the only one whose language and culture have been greatly influenced by Portugal, because it was the only colony of Portugal in Latin America?
A. Brazil

B. Panama

C. Argentina

D. Chile


4. Latin America and the Caribbean are very diverse, culturally blended areas. One reason for this diversity is the
A. conquest of the Aztecs by the Mayans.

B. migration of ancient peoples from Asia.

C. importation of Aborigine slaves to the West Indies.

D. intermarriage of European settlers and indigenous peoples.

5. Brazil’s rainforests are increasingly in danger of destruction. Which of the following statements explains one reason for this danger?


  1. The Amazon River usually floods and destroys the rainforests.

  2. The indigenous people believe the rainforests are home to evil spirits.

  3. Forest vegetation can only handle so much rain.

  4. Logging and clearing forests to make farmland have contributed to deforestation.

6. Cuba is an example of a type of government in which a ruler or small group has absolute power and is not restricted by a constitution or laws?

A. republic

B. democracy

C. parliament

D. dictatorship

7. Mexico has a president who is elected by the people. The powers of the central government are restricted and regional authorities retain a degree of self-government. Ultimate power rests with the voters who choose their governmental representatives. Which of the following terms BEST describes Mexico's form of government today?


A. Military Dictatorship

B. Federal Republic

C. Constitutional Monarchy

D. Parliamentary Democracy

8. Cuba has a type of government in which the ruler has absolute power and is not restricted by a constitution, laws, or the citizens. Name the type of government.

A. Federal-Republican

B. Dictatorship

C. Parliamentary democracy

D. Presidential democracy

9. The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) was designed to promote free trade between the United States,


A. Canada, and Mexico.

B. the United Kingdom, and Russia.

C. Canada, and the United Kingdom.

D. Mexico, and the islands of the Caribbean.

10. A country's parliament votes to increase tariffs upon goods from another country. This is an example of ________________________.
A. a monarchy encouraging free trade.

B. a representative democracy restricting trade.

C. a socialist congress preventing free enterprise.

D. a communist government allowing freedom of speech.

11. What is the purpose of free trade partnerships like the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) between the United States, Canada, and Mexico?

A. to increase trade by doing away with tariffs.

B. to allow countries to get needed goods without having to pay for them

C. to keep the countries from trading with Europe or Asia

D. to help the countries produce everything they need for themselves

12. What is the purpose of a tariff, such as a protective tariff?


A. to increase the prices of imported goods and protect a country's own industries from foreign competition

B. to decrease the prices of imported goods so a country's people can buy what they need for the lowest cost

C. to increase the prices of exported goods so a country's own businesses are less likely to send their products to other nations

D. to decrease the prices of exported goods so people in other countries will buy the foreign nation's product over one from home

13. Canada and Mexico are SIMILAR in that lowering trade barriers between these two nations has resulted in both nations experiencing
A. growth in their economies.

B. increases in unemployment.

C. increases in the prices of consumer goods.

D. decreases in the quality of consumer goods.

14. Use the information in the box below to answer this question.
In order to produce a good or a service, four factors of production are needed—natural resources (land), human resources (labor), capital resources (buildings and machinery), and entrepreneurship (organization).

A sixth-grade class decides to open a popcorn stand. The stand and the popcorn popper are examples of which factor of production?


A. natural resources

B. human resources

C. capital resources

D. entrepreneurship


15. Which country had the most significant impact on the language and religion of Latin America?

A. Britain

B. France

C. Spain


D. Portugal

16. After a ten-year struggle, Haiti was the first nation in Latin America to gain independence in 1804. How did Haiti win its independence from France?


A. in a revolution started by Simón Bolívar

B. when the British defeated Napoleon at Waterloo

C. in a revolt led by the former slave, Toussaint L'Ouverture

D. as part of the treaty at the end of the French and Indian War

17. A book about the history of Latin America during the 1800s featuring Toussaint L'Ouverture, Simon Bolivar and Miguel Hidalgo, would most likely have which title?
A. The Rise of Communism in Latin America

B. Independence Movements in Latin America

C. United States Colonies in Latin America

D. The Rise of the Slave Trade in Latin America

18. In the 1800s, Miguel Hidalgo helped to inspire the people of Mexico to rise up against which country to eventually gain independence?
A. England

B. France

C. Russia

D. Spain


19. The African slave trade grew because European nations wanted the captured Africans

A. to work in the new factories.

B. to replace the labor of the serfs.

C. to work on the plantations in their colonies.

D. to increase the number of soldiers in their armies.

20. Spain colonized many countries in Latin America. How is Spain's influence still seen in these countries today?

A. No Native American customs and languages have survived.

B. The king of Spain is still the head of state of most of these countries.

C. Most of the people in these countries are Roman Catholic.

D. Most of these countries have a strong democratic tradition.

21.

"The Liberator" who led Venezuela, Columbia, Peru, Bolivia, and Ecuador in their successful fight for independence from Spain was ________________________.



A. Simon Bolivar.

B. Miguel Hidalgo.

C. Jose de San Martin.

D. Toussaint L'Ouverture.

22. In the 1500s, the Incan civilization was conquered by Spanish soldiers led by

A. Ferdinand Magellan.

B. Francisco Pizarro.

C. Montezuma.

D. Vasco da Gama.

23. In the 1500s the Aztec Empire in Central America was conquered by Spanish soldiers led by

A. James Cook.

B. Montezuma.

C. Hernando Cortés.

D. Christopher Columbus.


24. Cortes and Pizarro were able to conquer the Aztecs and the Incas because

A. the Native Central Americans were peaceful and refused to fight the Spanish soldiers.

B. the Aztec navy was quickly defeated by the superior Spanish Armada.

C. the Aztecs and Incas were at war with each other, making them weaker.



D. European diseases killed many Native Central Americans who might have fought the Spanish.


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