La anexión de Texas a los Estados Unidos



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Grade 4

Social Studies

Unit: 07

Lesson: 03



Suggested Duration: 3 days
La anexión de Texas a los Estados Unidos

Lesson Synopsis:

Students will explain the events that led to annexation of Texas to the United States including the impact of the U.S.- Mexican War. Students will illustrate the different points of view concerning the Mexican War.




TEKS:




4.3

History. The student understands the importance of the Texas Revolution, the Republic of Texas, and the annexation of Texas to the United States. The student is expected to:





4.3E

Explain the events that led to the annexation of Texas to the United States, including the impact of the U.S.-Mexican War.





4.20

Science, technology, and society. The student understands the impact of science and technology on life in Texas. The student is expected to:





4.20A

Identify famous inventors and scientists such as Gail Borden and his contributions.







Social Studies Skills TEKS:




4.21

Social studies skills. The student applies critical-thinking skills to organize and use information acquired from a variety of valid sources, including electronic technology. The student is expected to:





4.21D

Identify different points of view about an issue, topic, historical event, or current event.




Getting Ready for Instruction

Performance Indicator(s):

  • Draw an illustration of people representing the different “sides” during the Mexican War (Texas, Mexico United States). In thought bubbles for each summarize the different points of view. (4.3E, 4.20A; 4.21D)

1C




Key Understandings and Guiding Questions:

  • Diferentes puntos de vista pueden causar conflictos.

  • ¿Qué asunto fue la preocupación central que causó la guerra entre México y Estados Unidos?

  • ¿Por qué es posible que Texas hubiera querido una guerra entre Estados Unidos y México?




Vocabulary of Instruction:

  • anexión

  • destino manifiesto

  • cesión




Materials:

  • Refer to the Notes for Teacher section for materials.

Attachments:

  • Handout: Annexation (1 per student)

  • Handout: Triangle (1 per student)

  • Handout: War with Mexico (1 per student)

  • Handout: Ballot (six per page – 1 ballot per student)

  • Handout: Propaganda Poster (1 per student)

  • Handout: Points of View (1 per student)

  • Teacher Resource: Lesson Activities KEY

  • Teacher Resource: P. I. KEY




Resources and References:




Advance Preparation:

  1. Become familiar with content and procedures for the lesson.

  2. Refer to the Instructional Focus Document for specific content to include in the lesson.

  3. Select appropriate sections of the textbook and other classroom materials that support the learning for this lesson.

  4. Preview available resources and websites according to district guidelines.

  5. Prepare materials and handouts as needed.




Background Information:

The annexation of Texas forced the hand of Mexico and the United States leading to the U.S.-Mexico War. The conflict would decide the boundary of Texas/United States and result contributes to the idea Manifest Destiny. It would also set into motion the next conflict which would be the Civil War.




Getting Ready for Instruction Supplemental Planning Document

Instructors are encouraged to supplement and substitute resources, materials, and activities to differentiate instruction to address the needs of learners. The Exemplar Lessons are one approach to teaching and reaching the Performance Indicators and Specificity in the Instructional Focus Document for this unit. Instructors are encouraged to create original lessons using the Content Creator in the Tools Tab located at the top of the page. All originally authored lessons can be saved in the “My CSCOPE” Tab within the “My Content” area.

Instructional Procedures




Instructional Procedures

Notes for Teacher

ENGAGE – Annexation

NOTE: 1 Day = 50 minutes

Suggested Day 1 – 15 minutes

  1. Project the Handout: Annexation to the class.




  1. Discuss with the class the vocabulary term annexation, how things will change for Texas, and what Sam Houston’s role will be.


KEY

  • Annexation – The process of a territory or country being added to another country

  • Changes – No longer a nation, will need to elect new leaders, will have to do what the U.S. government says, pay taxes to the U.S. (Suggested ideas)

  • Sam Houston’s role – leader in Tennessee, Republic of Texas, and state of Texas

Materials:

  • Texas State Library and Archives


Attachments:

  • Handout: Annexation (1 per student)


TEKS: 4.3E

EXPLORE – Events that led to the annexation of Texas

Suggested Day 1 (continued)35 minutes

  1. Organize students into groups of three.




  1. Provide each student the Handout: Triangle and the Handout: War with Mexico.




  1. Students gather information about the different points of view about Mexico and the United States going to war. See Teacher Resource: Lesson Activities KEYI




Attachments:

  • Handout: Triangle (1 per student)

  • Handout: War with Mexico (1 per student/class set)

  • Teacher Resource: Lesson Activities KEY


TEKS: 4.3E; 4:21D


EXPLAIN – Issues related to the annexation of Texas

Suggested Day 2 – 10 minutes

  1. Ask questions such as those below to encourage students to recall the multiple sides of the issue.

    • What issue was the central concern leading to war between Mexico and the United States?

    • Why might Texas have wanted a war between the United States and Mexico?




  1. After hearing the three points of view, organize students into groups of three to discuss the points of view.




  1. Ask:

  • Which point of view is the most valid for going to war?




  1. Provide each group a ballot from the Handout: Ballot




  1. Students vote.




  1. Tally votes on the board. Discuss if/as necessary.




Attachments:

  • Handout: Ballot (six per page – 1 ballot per student)


TEKS: 4.3E; 4:21D

ELABORATE – Propaganda

Suggested Day 2 (continued) – 15 minutes

  1. Review the major contributions of Gail Borden, publisher, surveyor, inventor and founder of the Borden Company:

  • Published the Telegraph and Texas Register newspapers

  • Mexican soldiers raided the newspaper and threw the press into Buffalo Bayou.

  • Helped lay out the plan for the city of Houston

  • Invented the canned milk process




  1. Ask: Would Gail Borden be for or against going to war with Mexico? Why? How could Mr. Borden’s newspapers help or hurt the war efforts?




  1. Organize students into small groups and provide each student the Handout: Propaganda Poster.




  1. Students discuss the primary source on the attachment and answer the questions about the source.




  1. Each small group shares with the class after they are complete.




  1. See Teacher Resource: Lesson Activities KEY




Attachments:

  • Handout: Propaganda Poster (1 per student)


TEKS: 4.3E; 4:20A; 4:21D

EVALUATE – Performance Indicator

Suggested Day 3 ‒ 25 minutes

  • Draw an illustration of people representing the different “sides” during the Mexican War (Texas, Mexico United States). In thought bubbles for each summarize the different points of view. (4.3E, 4.20A; 4.21D)

1C

Materials:

  • Handout: Triangle (completed on Day 1)

  • Handout: War with Mexico (completed on Day 1)


Attachments:

  • Handout: Points of View (1 per student)

  • Teacher Resource: P. I. KEY


TEKS: 4.3E, 4.20A; 4.21D



©2012, TESCCC 01/24/13 page of


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