La 10 Study Guide: test: Literature of the Ancient Middle East, Vocab & pth, Lit Terms, Grammar

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LA 10 Study Guide: TEST: Literature of the Ancient Middle East, Vocab & PTH, Lit Terms, Grammar.

Be sure you understand these key terms, concepts, and literature from unit 1. Create one-two questions in each that can help as a study guide.


LIT OF ANCIENT MID EAST (CNOTES Elements of Lit pages 6-18)

  • 1st 3 thousand years of western history in two great river valleys Mesopotamia in southwest Asia and Egypt in upper Africa.

  • Probably the most important legacy the Mesopotamians left was them inventing one of the oldest systems of writing, cuneiform.

  • Some contributions the ancient Egyptians make was making paper out of papyrus

  • The beliefs of the Hebrew are given from the Hebrew Bible, which is also known as the Old Testament to the Christians. Their bible is known for their spiritual, literacy, and historical experience.

  • The Hebrew were wanderers. Instead of building monuments, they forged a cultural life based on their religious beliefs.

  • Unlike their neighbors, the Hebrew were monotheistic.

  • The literature of the Mesopotamians, Egyptians, and the Hebrew have contributed to tour institutions and helped to shape our traditions and beliefs.

  • The cultures of Mesopotamia preserved the record of their existence by making inscriptions on clay tablets.

  • Pastoral Poetry is lyric poems that portray everyday life in dialect

  • The Sumerian city-states function without a central unifying government.

Hebrew Literature

  • The Hebrews most important book was the Hebrew Bible or as Christians calls it the Old Testament. Its known for its stories, cultural significance and history.

  • Jews have been called “the people of the book”.

  • The Bible contains twenty –four books, beginning with Genesis and ending with Chronicle.

  • Scroll fragments of the oldest Hebrew Bible have been found in caves by the Dead Sea.

Other nonfiction readings

  • The Egyptians wrote a book called the Book of the Damned. It served as a kind of traveler’s guide for the dead.

  • The Babylonian king Hammurabi wrote a code of laws called Hammurabi’s code which is the first ever recorded written laws.

  • Several hundred Clay tablets have been found that are written in Sumerian. They date from 3500 to 2000 B.C.

  • The Egyptians were one of the first types of paper made in the world

  • In the New Kingdom s known for its flowery love poetry.

PART II: LITERATURE READ & KEY CONCEPTS (from Elements of Lit text)

Understand plot, setting, characters, conflicts, key concepts:

Epic of Gilgamesh ( 20)

New Kingdom Love Lyrics (46)

“Noah and the Flood”

“Tata and Nena”


Epic Hero:

Setting: Geographical: Historical: Socio-Economic

Conflict: internal external man vs. man man vs. self man vs. environment




Figure of speech/figurative language



Vocabulary: Epic of Gilgamesh (20)

Know these Bases: BENE, FAC…, LOQUI…, MAGN, MULT, PLIC…, RECTI, SACR…, SPEC…, TURB…, UND…, VOL (Everyday Words from Classic Origins (8)
PART IV: GRAMMAR (HHB 3-14)-define and give an example of each


Common nouns

Proper nouns

Concrete nouns

Abstract nouns

Collective nouns


Personal pronoun

Reflexive pronoun

Demonstrative pronoun

Interrogative pronouns

Relative pronouns

Indefinite pronouns

Adjectives & Articles:

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