Диагностическая работа по английскому языку состоит из двух разделов «Чтение» и « Грамматика и лексика».
Раздел «Чтение» включает 20 заданий, из которых 2 задания – на установление соответствия и 7 заданий с выбором одного правильного ответа из четырех предложенных.
Раздел «Грамматика и лексика» состоит из 20 заданий, из которых 13 заданий с кратким ответом и 7 заданий с выбором одного правильного ответа из четырех предложенных. Рекомендуется выполнять задания в том порядке, в котором они даны. Примерное время выполнения работы 70 минут.
Установите соответствие тем A – H текстам 1 – 7. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую букву только один раз.В задании одна тема лишняя.
Film for all ages
Portrait of a girl
1. This is a full-length (ninety minutes) cartoon, which is entertaining for both adults and children over six. The animation and colour are of very high quality and the story has lots of fun and excitement. The plot is quick moving and full of surprises. There’s romance, action, comedy, music and lots of fantastic songs and dances.
2. This is a full-blooded magnificently written portrait of history’s most fascinating woman. Readers will lose themselves for hours in this richly entertaining novel full of dramatic twists and turns. From the spectacular era that bears her name comes the spellbinding story of Elizabeth I – her tragic childhood, her confrontation with Mary, Queen of Scots and her brilliant reign.
3. The young woman is shown in a “shepherdess” hat and white dress, recalling a classical chiton. The background landscape, common in such paintings, seems to indicate the heroine’s closeness to nature, to the ordinary joys of life. The painter’s colour range – at times us translucent as porcelain, at others muted like mother-of-pearl – is based upon subtle plays of gray and green, light blue and pink.
4. In this picture one is struck by artist’s absolute mastery in portraying natural details, whether the dry, sandy soil of the forest, the clear stream of water in the foreground, the yellow bark and fluffy needles of the pines, or the sense of a bright, clear, calm summer day. The artist managed to create an image familiar to anyone who has seen a Russian forest.
5. Have a good time on the most lively and exciting island in the Caribbean. Relax under a palm tree on the white sandy beaches. Swim in the clear, blue sea. Listen to the bands playing Calypso music. Or get really adventurous and go scuba diving for sunken treasure on the sea bed. Join in the many cultural celebrations we offer, for example the sugar harvest festival.
6. This event is considered the greatest attraction for visitors to the Isle of Man. No definite date can be given, but it is normally held between 5th and 15th July. The Pageant begins at about 8 p.m. First we are given a glimpse of village life in Celtic times. Then suddenly Viking long ships appear and then there are scenes of war. Then Celts and Vikings unite, and the Manx nation is born. The actual Pageant is followed by a grand torchlight procession and firework display.
7. Do you like Latin American dancing? Do you want to dance like you see in the films and on the stage? Do you want to feel the rhythm of the music in your body and in your soul? Do you want to meet other people who have a love for the same music as you? If you have answered “Yes” to any of these questions, join our Latin dance classes on Thursday night between seven and ten. All are welcome.
Прочитайте вопросы 1 – 6. Установите, в каких текстах A – G можно найти ответы на эти вопросы. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждый текст только один раз. В задании один текст лишний.
In which place сan visitors
see a very old building?
lie in the sun?
eat Irish food?
do water sports?
see a friendly sea animal?
-A- From Dalkey, a pretty village in beautiful surroundings, one can take a trip on a boat out to Dalkey Island, where climbing the ruined watch tower will provide stunning views of Killiney Bay. The coastal waters are perfect for swimming, and there is a long, clean white sandy beach called Killiney Bay which is great for sunbathing.
-B- Bray is 20 km from Dublin city and used to be a holiday resort for people from Dublin and Britain. It’s popular for its mile long sea walk, but its best days have passed.
A few kilometres south of Bray will bring you into some of the nicest countryside in Ireland, including the impressive Powerscourt Waterfall.
-C- The attractive Gaelic speaking Aran Islands are a perfect place for a few days holiday. This is the original donkey-and-cart landscape, so beloved of the postcard industry. The famous woolen white Aran sweaters come from here. The largest of the three islands, Inishmore, boasts one of the only buildings in Western Europe, which dates from 500 BC.
-D- Dingle Peninsula is a Gaelic speaking area known for the beauty of the Atlantic landscape. The most famous resident is not human at all, but a dolphin called Fungi. The dolphin has lived in Dingle harbour for the past seven years, offering friendship to all who swim near him, particularly children.
-E- Kilkenny is a large busy market town and the most attractive in the midlands. It is much loved by tourists. The narrow winding streets with small shops give an old-world atmosphere to the place. The Kilkenny Shop is one of many which has a wide range of goods that tourists usually buy: Irish-made clothes and crafts.
-F- Enniskerry is a pretty little village and only a bus ride from Dublin. It offers access to the Wicklow Mountains where you'll find good home-cooked food in Poppies, a famous restaurant. Smoked salmon, Irish farmhouse cheeses, handmade chocolates are always served here.
-G- Cork is Ireland's largest county. It is best loved for the coastal fishing villages which come alive in the summer months. One of them is Cobh which was the main emigration port during the Great Famine of the 1840s. Plenty of sailing, windsurfing and boat trips are available around the harbour. Another is set in a thickly wooded valley. It is commemorated in poems for richness of the vegetation, influenced by the warm Gulf Stream current.
Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 1 – 7,выбирая букву A, B, C или D. Установите соответствие номера задания выбранному вами варианту ответа.
A GOOD NIGHT’S SLEEP – AN IMPOSSIBLE DREAM?
Tonight, do yourself a favor. Shut off the TV, log off the Internet and unplug the phone. Relax, take a bath, maybe sip some herbal tea. Then move into the bedroom. Set your alarm clock for a time no less than eight hours in the future, fluff up your pillows and lay your head down for a peaceful night of restorative shut-eye. That’s what American doctors advise.
American sleep experts are sounding an alarm over America’s sleep deficit. They say Americans are a somnambulant nation, stumbling groggily through their waking hours for lack of sufficient sleep. They are working longer days – and, increasingly, nights – and they are playing longer, too, as TV and the Internet expand the range of round-the-clock entertainment options. By some estimates, Americans are sleeping as much as an hour and a half less per night than they did at the turn of the century – and the problem is likely to get worse.
The health repercussions of sleep deprivation are not well understood, but sleep researchers point to ills ranging from heart problems to depression. In a famous experiment conducted at the University of Chicago in 1988, rats kept from sleeping died after two and a half weeks. People are not likely to drop dead in the same way, but sleep deprivation may cost them their lives indirectly, when an exhausted doctor prescribes the wrong dosage or a sleepy driver weaves into someone’s lane.
What irritates sleep experts most is the fact that much sleep deprivation is voluntary. “People have regarded sleep as a commodity that they could shortchange,” says one of them. “It’s been considered a mark of very hard work and upward mobility to get very little sleep. It’s a macho attitude.” Slumber scientists hope that attitude will change. They say people have learned to modify their behavior in terms of lowering their cholesterol and increasing exercise. Doctors also think people need to be educated that allowing enough time for sleep and taking strategic naps are the most reliable ways to promote alertness behind the wheel and on the job.
Well, naps would be nice, but at the moment, employers tend to frown on them. And what about the increasing numbers of people who work at night? Not only must they work while their bodies’ light-activated circadian rhythms tell them to sleep, they also find it tough to get to sleep after work. Biologists say night workers have a hard time not paying attention to the 9-to-5 day because of noises or family obligations or that’s the only time they can go to the dentist. There are not too many dentists open at midnight.
As one might imagine, companies are springing up to take advantage of sleeplessness. One of the companies makes specially designed shift-work lighting systems intended to keep workers alert around the clock. Shift-work’s theory is that bright light, delivered in a controlled fashion, can help adjust people’s biological clocks. The company president says they are using light like a medicine. So far, such special lighting has been the province of NASA astronauts and nuclear power plant workers. He thinks that in the future, such systems may pop up in places like hospitals and 24-hour credit-card processing centers. Other researchers are experimenting with everything from welder’s goggles (which night workers wear during the day) to human growth hormones. And, of course, there is always what doctors refer to as “therapeutic caffeine use,” but everyone is already familiar with that.
So, is a good night’s sleep an impossible dream for Americans? Maybe so.
1. The advice of American doctors is all about
A) ways to reduce negative effect of modern technologies.
B) complex measures that ensure healthy sleep.
C) positive effect of herbal therapy.
D) the process of restoring from unexpected psychological stress.
2. Americans are referred to as a “somnambulant nation” because they
A) need special help to fall asleep.
B) are sleepwalkers.
C) regularly wake up at night.
D) don’t get enough sleep to function effectively.
3. Experiments with sleep deprivation proved that
A) it inevitably leads to death.
B) its repercussions have finally become predictable.
C) it is likely to result in cardio or nervous problems.
D) animal and human reaction are almost alike.
4. There is a tendency to sleep less because
A) people want to look tough at any cost.
B) people think they can reduce sleeping hours without any harm .
C) people have learned to cope with less sleep just as they have learned to lower cholesterol.
D) otherwise they lose career and social opportunities.
7. The main aim of specially designed shift-work lighting system is
A) to help people feel alert at night.
B) to provide better lightning.
C) to prevent heart diseases.
D) to stimulate human growth hormones.
Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами B4-B10, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы B4-B10.
That morning, the “Swinging Four” group had set out from Derby, full
of hope for the
B4 evening. They were on their way to Sheffield where they hoped_______ PLAY
at a dance in the Three Kings Pub that night. The shopkeeper where they
had bought their guitars and drums was getting angry with them. Mick, the
B5 leader of the group, ___________ a letter last Monday from the shop. RECEIVE
They still had fifty pounds left to pay for their instruments. If they didn’t
pay within two weeks, they would have to give the instruments back.
B6 Now they ________ at the side of the road just outside Sheffield STAND
B7 ____________ unhappily at the steaming bonnet of the old car that LOOK
just exploded. Mick looked at the car again and turned to Peter who
B8 _________ all about cars. “Come on, Peter. What’s the matter with it?” KNOW
Peter lifted the bonnet and examined the engine. “I’ve no idea,” he said.
B9 “It___________ only a month ago. I think it’s time we bought another REPAIR
B10 car. I’ll try and get a lift to the _________ garage and ask them to come NEAR
and look at the car. We must get to Sheffield in time.” They all looked at
Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами B11-B16, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы B11-B16.
The M1 road is the grandfather of the British motorway system. The southern
Section celebrated its silver jubilee in November 1984. Nowadays it is a mass
of traffic with large numbers of trucks, and you need all your
B11 __________ on the road. Not that this matters too much. This part ATTENTIVE
B12 follows a___________ route north from the capital, and the sights here TRADITION
Are not at all special.
Only when you reach Bedfordshire, and the place relaxes slightly, it is worth
considering turning off. From there on you can find a lot of
B13 __________ things to do. VARY
B14 The countryside isn’t spectacular, but it is almost always lovely and ____ ENJOY
typical English shire country, with rolling hills, good walks and views, interesting
B15 churches and __________country houses. Further north, there is an BEAUTY
interesting mixture of handsome market and industrial sites and
B16 __________ country in the foothills of the Pennines. PLEASURE Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами А22-А28. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям А22-А28, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа.
Searching for a New Programme
A health lifestyle can vastly improve your well-being. This is a lifestyle desighed for those who wish to feel more certain about their health and more in control of what the present and future will bring them in that important A22________ of existence. None of us wants to be sick. None of us enjoys the idea that we may become a medical statistic. This is a simple, easy-to-follow health-style that can enable you to get cards very much in your A23________ .
The doctors were fortunate enough to come into A24_________ with a field of study that brought them to healing and well-being that they so desperately needed. They personally have A25__________ thousands of people improve their health using only a small part of information. Much more people begin to improve their health now. Embracing the most current information from many health-related fields, the programme of health lifestyle gives you an understanding of the impact of exercise, breathing, sunshine, sleep and much more on your health.
In order for this programme to work for you, you have to be willing to apply at least some part of it. Some change will be A26___________ . And as you make those first modern changes, you will get positive results that encourage you to do more. Changing is fun. And if you realize that your new health lifestyle A27__________ the making of new habits, not the A28___________
of old ones, you will feel very positive about what the future holds for you.