Keynote lecture – Alessandro Naso (Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche), “From East to West and Beyond”

Discussant: Larissa Bonfante (New York University)

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Discussant: Larissa Bonfante (New York University)

Session 4 – Funerary monuments

  • Fernando Gilotta (Seconda Università di Napoli), “Between material culture and funerary ideology. Some remarks from South Etruria”

Abstract: Some remarks will be made on exchanges and borrowings in technical processes (pottery), mourning and commemorative iconographies (wall painting), and finally style, both in painting and in terracotta sculpture, mainly focusing on South Etruscan evidence.

  • Stephan Steingräber (Università degli Studi Roma Tre), "Rock tombs and Monuments in Southern Etruria and Anatolia: Typology, Chronology, Ideology - Differences and Common Elements"

Abstract: The inner part of South Etruria (= Etruria rupestre, Tuscia, Prov. di Viterbo) and several parts of Anatolia/Asia Minor are characterized by the impressing and often spectacular phenomenon of rock tombs and rock monuments. Recently the Austrian scholars Petra Amann and Peter Ruggendorfer published an interesting comparison between the rock tombs of Etruria and those of Lycia (in: L’Etruria meridionale rupestre. Atti del Convegno internaz. “L’Etruria rupestre dalla Protostoria al Medioevo. Insediamenti, necropoli, monumenti, confronti”, Barbarano Romano – Blera, 8-10 ottobre 2010 [Roma 2014] pp. 406-428). Indeed in Lycia and neighbouring Caria we find the highest concentration of rock tombs in Anatolia. But rock tombs and monuments are documented also in Pamphylia, Pisidia, Kilikia, Kappadocia, Phrygia, Lydia, Paphlagonia-Pontos and Urartu. They date mainly from the 9th-8th cent. B.C. to the Roman period with a remarkable concentration between the 4th cent. and the Hellenistic period. There is a rich variety in sense of typology, architecture and decoration and in some cases also of function. In Etruria the phenomenon of rock tombs is documented mainly from the second quarter of the 6th cent. until the early 2nd cent. B.C. in the areas of Tuscania, San Giuliano, Blera, Norchia, Castel d’Asso and Sovana and includes cube/half-cube/false-cube tombs, house tombs, porticus tombs, temple tombs, aedicula tombs and tholos tombs. But there are other rock monuments such as altars, thrones, stepped monuments ecc. too. In my paper I will discuss both the main common elements and the many differences between Etruscan and Anatolian rock tombs and monuments examining position, chronology, typology, architecture, decoration, function and death cult.

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