Key Moments – Handout Exemplar – The October Crisis 1970
The October Crisis was a low point in French-English relations. The terrorist actions of the FLQ and the implementation of the war measures act by the federal government increased sentiments of both federalism and separatism, further dividing Canadians.
Vive le Quebec Libre
French president Charles de Gaulle visited Montreal in 1967 and said “Vive le Quebec libre!” The crowd reacted positively, demonstrating the increasing separatist feeling in Quebec.
This indicates a rise in the level of support for separatism.
Referendum and after
He loses the referendum in 1980, but the PQ continues to be the opposition or government (last time 1998 – 2003) in Quebec
Separatism continues strong with the establishment of the Bloc Quebecois in 1993, a federal party headed by Lucien Bouchard, winning 54 of the 75 Quebec seats in the House of Commons.
Gilles Duceppe, leader of the Bloc in the federal election of May 2011, loses his seat and has only 12 remaining, losing official party status. The federalist NDP gain most of the seats by promising a special place for Quebec in Canada.
LOTs – Lower Order Thinking questions
Name two separatists and two federalist politicians.