Key key key landmark Supreme Court Cases: civil rights

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Korematsu v. U.S. (1944)

5thDue process

Does the internment of more than 100,000 Americans of Japanese descent in encampments during World War II violate the due process rights of Japanese Americans?

Upheld as constitutional the internment of more than 100,000 Americans of Japanese descent in encampments during WW II. The need to protect against espionage outweighed Korematsu's individual rights, and the rights of Americans of Japanese descent.

The court deferred to Congress and military authorities in wartime (judicial restraint), sacrificing civil liberties and permitting legalized racism in a “rush to accommodate overbroad claims of military necessity."


civil rights of women, Right to privacy

Roe v. Wade (1973)

1st, 3rd, 4th, and 9th (implied right to privacy)

May a state regulate moral behavior, including banning abortions except to save the life of a mother?

Abortions within first trimester legal under right to privacy, and states may not abridge that right.

Broadened the scope of the right to privacy to include abortions within first trimester.


civil rights of women, federalism

Directory: cms -> lib2 -> TX01001591 -> Centricity -> Domain -> 34529
Domain -> Monday 2/24 tlw
Domain -> Dramatic shift in American Society which spawned numerous changes to the status quo, though in some cases this idealistic outpouring of principles was tempered
Domain -> In 2004, some 180 married couples in Beijing, China, stood before a picture of their country’s ancient sage, Confucius, and took an oath, pledging fidelity to each other and promising never to divorce
Domain -> Week of: September 8-12, 2014 Teacher: Kindred Team: U. S. History
Domain -> Project: the trial of andrew jackson
34529 -> Constitutional Convention Governmental Power
34529 -> Article #1: Historian: fdr was The Last Great President. Let's Never Have Another
34529 -> Class set – do not write on! Linkage Institutions Multiple Choice
34529 -> Name: The Red Scare

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