In term of assets available for deployment in Malaysia's fisheries
activities by maritime enforcement agencies are also reduced.
Table 3. Sighting of Illegal Fishing [Activities by Foreign Fishing Vessels in Malaysia's Fisheries Waters by Month (2000 - 2004)
As stipulated in the Fisheries Act of 1985, vessels of the RMN, the Marine Police and the Department of Fisheries are responsible to enforce the Act. The bulk of the maritime law enforcement is carried out by the MME A since its formation in 2005. Prior to the MMEA's formation, the RMN deployed two Offshore Patrol Vessels, six Fast Attack Crafts (Guns) and 15 Patrol Crafts for law enforcement in the EEZ on opportunity basis. Likewise, the Marine Police deployed 15 PZ-class boats for law enforcement in the EEZ while a variety of smaller patrol vessels such as the PX-class, PA-class and the PC-class provided law enforcement in the territorial seas. On the formation of the MME A, except for the six Fast Attack Craft, the RMN transferred all of its Offshore Patrol Vessels and Patrol Crafts to the MMEA. Similarly, the Marine Police also transferred all of its PZ-class boats to the MMEA. Since then, the Marine Police has concentrated its law enforcement efforts within
waters in the South China Sea, the MMEA deploys 10 ships that include two Langkawi-class offshore patrol vessels (ex-RMNs OPV 1,300 tonnes), two Gagah-class (ex-Marine Police's PZ 230 tonnes), four Sipadan-class (ex-RMNs PC 100 tonnes) and two boats transferred from the Marine Department (the Malawali ex-Bintang 63.5 ton and Nusa ex-Rajawali 53 tonnes). Based on the patrol classifications above, only the two Langkawi-class vessels can be deployed safely in the deep water zones (50 nautical miles and above from the coasts). TTiese two ships are
Table 4. Arrests of Foreign Fishing
Vessels for Illegal Fishing in Malaysia's
Fisheries Waters(2000 - 2007)