Journal of the Galway Archaeological and Historical Society, jgahs vol. VII. No. I., Notes on the Persons Named in the Obituary Book of the Franciscan Abbey at Galway by Martin J. Blake, 1-28

Download 74.55 Kb.
Size74.55 Kb.
1   2   3   4   5
* Galway Arch, Journal, Vol. IV., No. ii, p. 66.

The Irish author of the Historia et Genealogia Familiae de Burgo sings the praises of Richard O'Cuairsci in the following verses,* which I quote from Hennessy's translation+
" Richard, the son of the other Edmond,(tt)

It was not he that wasted fires;

He received not submission from the blood of Conn,

The brown nut of the garden of London.

A wild deer's bed that he did not plunder

Was not found in the time of Richard,

In wilds, or in shoulders of glens.

Richard took with great power,

The spoils of Meath, the tribute of Kells;

A man by whom Conn's Tara was cast down;

Its merits are due to the men of Umhall.

The door of the house of Tara-Breagh**

To Lough Mask on Magh-Tuiredh

This star of the table of Knights brougbt

In the same hands, you have heard.

The cauldron of the King of Man, across the sea

The round-pointed harp of Ben-h'Edhair,§

With the drithlinn of Tara, to his house he (brought),

And the chess-board of Emania in Ulster."

[See Vol. VI., No. iv. at p. 232].
This was Sir Edmund de Burgh (or Burke), who was styled Albanagh or The Scot. He was second surviving son of Sir William Liath de Burgh (for whom see ante, Note 5).

Walter de Burgh (or Burke) the eldest son of Sir William Liath de Burgh, on the death of his father (1324), succeeded to his father's position in Connaught. Two years afterwards-in 1326-Richard de Burgh the Red Earl of Ulster died, and was suceeeded by his grandson (son of John de Burgh, who died in the lifetime of his father, the Red Earl in 1313) Sir William de Burgh third (De Burgh) Earl of Ulster, commonly called the Brown Earl.

In the year 1331-2, Walter de Burgh and his kinsman Sir William de Burgh, the Brown Earl, quarrelled; and Walter de Burgh was taken prisoner by the Brown Earl, who imprisoned
*Irish MSS. No. 1440 in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin, at folio 15 (dorsa).

t Hennessy's MS. Translation (in the same Library) of the Historia, etc. De Burgo at p. 46.

tt The other Edmond, i.e. Edmond na Fesoige (of the beard).

** A poetic allusion to the Sovereignty of Ireland.

§ Ben-h'Edair, the Irish name of the Hill of Howth.
him in the New Castle of Innishowen, in Ulster and there caused him to be starved to death, early in 1332. In revenge for the munler of Walter de Burgh, Sir William de Burgh the Brown Earl was himself treacherously murdered on the 6th July 1833 near Knockfergus, by Richard de Mandeville and others, at the instigation of Gylle Burke, sister of Walter de Burgh, who had married Richard de Mandeville. The Brown Earl left no son, and his eldest daughter Elizabeth de Burgh, then (1333) an infant aged one year, became his heiress.

On the 6th of September 1333, Sir Edmund de Burgh, the then senior surviving son of Richard de Burgh, the Red Earl and uncle of the late Sir William de Burgh, the Brown Earl, obtained a grant of the Connaught possessions of Elizabeth de Burgh the infant Countess of Ulster to hold as trustee during her minority.

In 1335 Sir Edmund Albanagh de Burgh came into conflict with his kinsman the other Sir Edmund de Burgh (the Red Earl's son). This is about the time we first get notice of Sir Edmund Albanagh de Burgh, in the Irish Annals; he had no doubt succeeded to the position in Connaught of his elder brother, Walter de Burgh upon the latter's murder in 1332. On the 19th April 1338, Sir Edmund de Burgh (the Red Earl's son) was taken prisoner by Sir Edmund Albanagh de Burgh and by Raymond de Burgh, brother to Sir Edmund Albanagh de Burgh, in the house of the Friars at Ballinrobe, and was conyeyed first to Lough Mask Castle, then to Ballynonagh Castle, and thence to an island in Lough Mask, "where a certain family of the Stauntons, miser­ably turned him" (Edmund de Burgh the Red Earl's son) "into a sack, and haviug tied stones thereto, threw him into Lough Mask."* Sir Edmund Albanagh de Burgh, and his brother Ray­mond de Burgh, did not actuctlly participate in, or sanction, this murder of their kinsman, which was effected by tbe Stauntons on their own responsibility. This murder of Edmund de Burgh (the Red Earl's son) brought about the total destruction of the authority of the English Sovereign (King Edward III.) in Connaught.

Sir Edmund Albanagh de Burgh, immediately after its occurrence, fled to the islands off the west coast of Connaught. However on the 14th March 1340, (t) Sir Edmund Albanagh de
* O'Flaherty's Iar Connaught by Hardiman at p. 47.

t Patent Rolls, Edward IlL, 1338-40 at p. 440.

Burgh and his brother Raymond, were granted the King's pardon for the death of Sir Edmund de Burgh (the Red Earl's son) and for all other felonies. After this, Sir Edmund Albanagh de Burgh asserted and maintained his own supremacy among the Anglo Norman settlers in Mayo, though the Anglo Norman family of Prendergast or Fitzgerald (who were styled by the Irish the Clan­Maurice) located in the barony of Clanmorris, County Mayo, strenuously resisted him. Sir Edmund Albanagh de Burgh was also opposed by the Burkes of Upper Connaught, that is to say the Burkes of County Galway who were then styled the Clan­Ricard Burkes. But in 1366 Sir Edmund Albanagh de Burgh thoroughly beat down the ClanRicard Burkes; this is best related in the Annals of Ulster:
"A.D. 1366: Great war arose between the Foreigners of Connacht: tbe Clan-Maurice were expelled by the MacWilliam,* and they went to the Clan-Ricard: and a great hosting was made by MacWilliam* . . . . into Upper Connacht against the Clan-Ricard. Many of the men of Munster rose out to join with the Clan-Ricard; and they were a quarter of a year fighting against one another: but sway was got by MacWilliam* at the end; and the pledges (hostages) of Clan-Ricard were taken by him; and he himself came with spirit and force from that expedition."
This is the last remarkable record in the career of Sir Edmund Alhanagh de Burgh. He died in 1375 as the obit in the Register of the Franciscan Abbey at Galway records, though it is inaccurate in describing him as the father of William (or Ulick) and of Richard O'Cuairsci Bourke, for he was their great grand­father. The word "pater" is doubtless used in the sense of progenitor. His death is thus recorded in the Annals of Ulster:
"A.D. 1375: MacWilliam Burke, namely Edmund Albanagh, head of the courage and prowess of the Foreigners, and Emperor of benevolence, died of the glandular disease, in his own house, after gaining ,victory from the demon."
He was a benefactor of the Abbey of Cong, as appears from the following entry in an old Rental of Cong Abbey(t) drawn up in 1501 by Tadhg O'Duffey a monk there:
" Item, Edmundus Scotorum filius Ullielmi de Burgo militis, donavit quartarium terre que vocatur Ardnagross, monasterio dicto, et semi­villam de Lioslachane."
"Item, Edmund of the Scots, son of William de Burgo, knight, gave the quarter of land called Ardnagross, and the half townland of Lioslachane (Lisloughry) to the said monastery."
* "MacWiIliam," i.e. Sir Edmund Albanagh de Burgh.

t See Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland, Vol. XXV., p. 132.
Illustration of Edmond Albanagh at:

[From a coloured drawing in the Historia et Genealogia Familia de Burgo manuscript.]


I do not know' where Sir Edmund Albanagh de Burgh was buried; but he was not interred at Athenry Abbey like his father Sir William Liath de Burgh.

It is stated in Lodge's Peerage (Archdall's Edition 1789)* that Sir Edmund Albanagh de Burgh was twice married; his first wife being Sabina (Sadhbh), daughter of Dermot O'Malley, of the Owles (Burrishoole), County :Mayo; and his second wife being Finola O'Kelly, daughter of Donagh O'Kelly, Chief of his name. As regards the latter, this statement is borne out by the Annals of Clonmacnoise which record her death in 1380:
"A.D. 1380: The Lady Fynola, O'Kellye's daughter and MacWilliam Burke's wife, died."

[See Vol. VI., No. iv. at p. 232].
This William (or Ulick) Burke, was elected Mac William Oughter (Chief of the Upper or Clanricard Burkes of Galway) in 1519 on the death of his uncle Richard oge Burke, as to whom, see ante, Note (14).

This William (or Ulick) Burke was eldest son of William (or Ulick) Burke (Ulick Finn) Mac William Oughter, who died in 1509. He died without issue in the same year (1520), in which the Deed here recorded was made.


[See Vol. VI., No. iv. at p. 233].
This Richard Burke was younger brother of the William (or Ulick) Burke, referred to in Note (20). He was elected MacWilliam Oughter (Chief of the Upper or Clanricard Burkes) on the death of his brother in 1520. This Richard Burke died in 1530, as is recorded in the Register of the Dominican Abbey of Athenry, to which Abbey he was a benefactor, and he was there interred.


[See Vol. VI., No. iv. at p. 232].
This John Burke was son of Richard, son of Edmund, fourth son of Ulick ruadh Burke, MacWilliam Oughter (who died 1485). This John Burke was Tanist. i.e. next in succession to the Chief­tainship of Clanricard, in 1522; and was elected MacWilliam Oughter (Chief of the Upper or Clanricard Burkes) in 1530, on the death of Richard Burke, as to whom see Note (21).

This John Burke died in 1536.

* Vol. III , p. 415.

[See Vol. VI, No. iv. at p. 323].
This was Gerald Fitzgeald who died in 1580 in the lifetime of his father Gerald, 11th Earl of Kildare (the Wizard Earl).

The pedigree here recorded is correctly given up to Johnikin, who was sixth Earl of Kildare, and was nick-named.

"Cam"-­The Crooked-but this Johnikin was not son of Garret-as this record states-but was son of Maurice (Fitzgerald) fourth Earl of Kildare, who died in 1390. The earlier part of the pedigree here recorded is also very inaccurate.

The Franciscan Monastery of Youghal was founded in 1231 or 1232, by Maurice Fitzgerald 2nd Baron Offaly, who died in that monastery in 1257, leaving issue three sons, of whom the third, Thomas Fitz Maurice, was father of .John Fitz Thomas (Fitzgerald) 6th Baron Offaly who was created Earl of Kildare in 1316.

Mlaurice Fitzgerald 2nd Baron Offaly, the founder of Youghall Monastery, "as the son of Gerald 1st Baron Offaly who was the second son of Maurice Fitzgerald, the first of the Geraldines who came into Ireland, in 1169. That last named Maurice Fitzgerald was son of Gerald (Fitz Walter) the constable of Pembroke Castle in the reign of King Henry, I., and possibly it was from that Gerald that the Irish Geraldines came to derive their patronymic " Fitzgerald."
[On my own behalf and that of the readers of this Journal, I desire to return thanks to the authorities of Trinity College, Dublin, for their per­mission, generously accorded, to have some of the coloured drawings in the Irish MS. "Historia et Genealogia Familie de Burgo," photographed, and reproduced in this Journal.]

Share with your friends:
1   2   3   4   5

The database is protected by copyright © 2020
send message

    Main page