“Join or Die” cartoon published in his Pennsylvania Gazette. Join die. Facts



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Benjamin Franklin (1754) “Join or Die” cartoon published in his Pennsylvania Gazette.

JOIN

DIE.



Facts: (used FIRST during the French and Indian War)

- Fighting between the French and British had already begun in Europe in previous colonial conflicts.

- The colonies had shown an astonishing lack of unity.

- Colonies nearest to the shooting had responded much more generously with men and money than had those

enjoying the safety of remoteness.

- Even the Indians had launched at colonial lack of unity.

- The British called an inter-colonial Congress to meet in Albany. NY near Iroquois Indian territory.

- Only 7 colonies sent delegates.

- The cartoon was published on month prior to the Congress.

- Britain rejected the Albany Plan of Union because it gave the colonies too much independence.

- It was rejected by the colonies because it did not give enough independence.

Levels of thinking using questioning based on Bloom’s Taxonomy



Knowledge/Remember (Mastery)
1. Who drew the cartoon? ____________________________________________

Comprehension/Understanding (Magnifying Glass)


2. Explain why the colonies felt threatened in 1 754? _________________________________________


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3. Why is the snake segmented? __________________________________________________________
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Use/Application (Band-Aid)
4. Franklin is suggesting that if the snake’s segments are joined, what will happen? __________________
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5. What would happen if the segments were not joined? _______________________________________

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Analysis/Take Apart (Magnifying Glass)

6. Why is New England the “head” of the snake? ___________________________________________

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7. What is the significance of the order given to the segments? _______________________________

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8. Why is Virginia “twisted”? _________________________________________________________


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9. Why is South Carolina last? (remember that Georgia had been founded in 1732)

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Synthesis/Create New (Slinky)

10. What would you add to this snake if it were 1776 instead of 1754? __________________________

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Evaluation/Judge (a portion of all)

11. As mentioned before, this cartoon was used during the French and Indian War. But, it was used again

during the Revolutionary War. Why do you think it was more effective during the American

Revolution than the F & I War? Explain.


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