John winthrop



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JOHN WINTHROP

(1588-1649)






  • Father = lawyer

  • born in Groton, England

    • estate = purchased from Henry VIII

    • prosperous farm

  • JW = advantaged

    • $$$

    • member of the gentry class

    • Cambridge University

      • exposed to PURITAN ideas

      • Puritan grievances with COE:

        • anything Papal, Roman

        • esp. hierarchy of clergy

        • traditional Catholic rituals

          • change from within

          • not Separatists (like Pilgrims)

  • 17: married

  • lawyer

    • thought to be priest

    • served as Justice of the Peace

    • obtained a government office

    • attorney at Court of Wards & Liveries (1627-29)

      • country squire at Groton for 20 years

  • 1620s:

    • economic Depression (couldn’t rely on Daddy’s money)

    • Charles I = anti-Puritan, pro-RC papacy

      • strong influences on Charles –

        • wife = French princess of RC king, Henry 4

        • Bishop Wm. Laud (Bishop of London, soon Archbishop of Canterbury) = anti-Puritan, saw them as schismatic threat

      • JW would have lost ALL if openly expressed Puritanism

        • had lost government office in 1629

      •  AMERICA

  • March 1629:

    • The Company of Massachusetts Bay in New England

    • merchants (ardent Puritans)

    • received charter from Council for New England

      • guise of business – not religious – venture

    • sold his English estate & took his family

  • October 1629:

    • JW = elected governor

    • 1629-49

    • elected 12 x, 1631-48

  • April 8, 1630:

    • 700 emigrants

    • on Arbella

      • 350-ton flagship of the flotilla

      • named for Lady Arbella, wife of Isaac Johnson, the highest-born person in the group

    • farm on Mystic River in Boston

  • ?:

    • petty tyrant

    • father figure

    • steward of MBC orthodoxy, crush all threats (Anne Hutchinson)

    • sanctimony (AH’s banishment, excommunication, misfortunes & death)

  • against the Puritan Civil War, 1642+




  • MODEL of CHRISTIAN CHARITY”

    • sermon

    • delivered either just before departure or upon the seas

    • ideals of harmonious Christian community

      • perfectly selfless community

    • reminder: this = Christian enterprise

    • reminder that they’re an EXAMPLE to the rest of the world

  • original manuscript = lost

    • copy made during JW’s lifetime

    • Mass. Historical Society published in 1838

  • Cotton Mather @ John Winthrop:

    • JW = perfect earthly ruler




  • dream = impossible to realize **********

    • Bradford, Winthrop

    • Columbus, de las Casas

      • “could have been”


MODEL of CHRISTIAN CHARITY”


  • 1630, 1838




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