John Jay Papers Papers, 1668-[ca. 1862] 32 linear ft (ca. 10,500 items in 69 boxes) Biography



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John Jay Papers

Papers, 1668-[ca. 1862]

32 linear ft (ca. 10,500 items in 69 boxes)



Biography: John Jay was born in New York City on 12 December 1745 and died on 17 May 1829. After graduating from King's College in 1764 he was admitted to the bar in 1768 The American Revolution gave rise to the public life of John Jay. He was sent as a delegate of his colony to the first and to the second Continental Congress. As a member of the provincial congress he helped to ratify the Declaration of Independence. He served until 1779 as chief justice of New York and was also a colonel in the state militia. In 1782 Franklin asked Jay to assume his post as joint commissioner for negotiating a peace with Great Britain.
After the war Jay returned to New York July 24 1784 to serve as secretary of foreign affairs. After the adoption of the Constitution of 1787 he joined with Hamilton and Madison in the writing of the Federalist papers. He was then appointed the first chief justice of the Supreme Court. In 1795 he was elected governor of New York State. In 1800 Jay retired from public life, declining to become a candidate for reelection and refusing to be considered for renomination as chief justice of the United States. Jay felt that the Supreme Court lacked "the energy weight and dignity which are essential to its affording due support to the national Government". Greatly upset by the early death of his wife, Jay retired to his farm at Bedford Westchester County N. Y. where he died on 17 May 1829.
Summary: Copies in part. Originals of Jay's letter book as Secretary of State are in the National Archives, Washington, D.C. Originals of the letters from John Armstrong are in Archives de France. Letters, manuscripts, documents, and letterbooks of Jay and of many members of his family. The letters touch on every aspect of American life and government of the period, and contain correspondence from such prominent individuals as John Adams, George Clinton, James Duane, Benjamin Franklin, Alexander Hamilton, Thomas Jefferson, Rufus King, John Paul Jones, Marquis de Lafayette, Robert B. Livingston, William Livingston, Gouverneur Morris, Robert Morris, Edmund Randolph, Philip Schuyler, and George Washington. There are approximately 500 letters from Jay, primarily drafts of correspondence to the persons listed above, as well as his correspondence as Secretary of Foreign Affairs, 1784-1789. The manuscripts and documents include many reports, commissions, and diplomas, as well as a draft copy of The Federalist Number 5 and Jay's oath of office as Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court; also included are manumission documents, and a group of documents from Trinity Church, where his father was a vestryman from 1715 to 1785. The collection includes copies of Jay's letter book as Secretary of State, 10 Oct. 1788-25 Dec. 1792, and of four letters from John Armstrong, 19 June-27 Dec. 1810; and a copy of the pair of silverplated candlesticks from the Treaty of Paris, 3 Sept. 1783, reproduced by the Smithsonian Institution.
Finding Aids: Contents list, 6 pages.
Restrictions on Access: Use of John Jay's outgoing correspondence restricted to permission of the Librarian for Rare Books and Manuscripts.
Restrictions on Use: Permission to quote or publish must be obtained in writing from the Director of The Rare Book and Manuscript Library.
Provenance: Various sources, 1948-1984
Processing History: Processed by various staff members
Microfilm Information: See microfilm list for material on microfilm
Physical Loaction: Vault
RLIN ID: NYCR
I. Cataloged Correspondence
Box 1 A

Box 2 Ba - Banyer, M.


1792 - 1815]

Box 3 Banyer, M.


[1816 - 1851 & n.d.]

Box 4 Bar - Bl

Box 5 Bo - Ca

Box 6 Ce - Cla

Box 7 Cli - Cu

Box 8 D


Box 9 E - F

Box 10 G - Ham

Box 11 Han - Jar

Box 12 Jay, A.

Box 13 Jay, E. - Jay, John
[n.d. & 1765 - 1777]

Box 14 Jay, John


[1778 - July 1780]

Box 15 Jay, John


[Aug. 1780 - Aug. 1781]

Box 16 Jay, John


[Sept. 1781 - 1782]

Box 17 Jay, John


[1783 - April 1784]

Box 18 Jay, John


[May 1784 - Sept. 1785]

Box 19 Jay, John


[Oct. 1785 - 1786]

Box 20 Jay, John


[1787 - 1788]

Box 21 Jay, John


[1789 - July 1794]

Box 22 Jay, John


[Aug. 1794 - March 1795]

Box 23 Jay, John


[April 1795 - 1798]

Box 24 Jay, John


[1799 - 1804]

Box 25 Jay, John


[1805 - 1809]

Box 26 Jay, John


[1810 - 1812]

Box 27 Jay, John


[1813 - 1817]

Box 28 Jay, John


[1818 - 1821]

Box 29 Jay, John


[1822 - 1828]

Box 30 Jay, John Jr. - Jay, Peter

Box 31 Jay, Peter Augustus
[1781 - 1804]

Box 32 Jay, Peter Augustus


[1805 - 1813]

Box 33 Jay, Peter Augustus


[1814 - 1823]

Box 34 Jay, Peter Augustus


[1824 - 1839]

Box 35 Jay, Peter Augustus


[1840 - 1843]

Box 35 Jay, Sarah Livingston (Mrs. John)


[1774 - 1776]

Box 36 Jay, Sarah Livingston (Mrs. John)


[1787 - 1802]

Box 37 Jay, Sarah Louise & Jay, William


[1808 - 1832]

Box 38 Jay, William


[1833 - 1840]

Box 39 Jay, William


[1841 - 1855]

Box 40 Jay, William [1856 - 1858] - Kent

Box 41 Ki - Le

Box 42 Li - Livingston, P.V.B.

Box 43 Livingston, R.R. - Livingston, W.

Box 44 Lo - Mad

Box 45 Man - Morris, G.

Box 46 Morris, J. - Mu

Box 47 N - Pic

Box 48 Pie - Rom

Box 49 Roo - Sc

Box 50 Se - St

Box 51 Su - Tro

Box 52 Tru - Va

Box 53 Ve - end

II. Cataloged Manuscripts and Documents
Box 54 A - Cl

Box 55 Co - Jay, James

Box 56 Jay, John (1745 - 1829)
[n.d. - 1789]

Box 57 Jay, John (1745 - 1829)


[1790 - 1800]

Box 58 Jay, John (1745 - 1829)


[1801 - end]

Box 59 Jay, John (1817 - 1894) - Jay, William [ - 1883]

Box 60 Jay, William [1884 - end] - P

Box 61 R - end

Box 62 Documents in the Case Hunt v. Underhill

III. Miscellaneous Boxed Materials
Box 63 Uncataloged Manuscripts and Documents

Printed Material

Portraits

Box 64 Monaghan Purchase Inventory

Box 65 Treaty of Paris Candlesticks
Card File Box Genealogical File, A-O

66
Card File Box Genealogical File, P-Z & Miscellaneous

67

IV. Oversize, Encased and Bound Materials
Mayor's Court Ledger, 1758-1776
Box 1) John Jay
Letterbook
24 Dec. 1779 - 19 Nov. 1782

Box 2) John Jay


Letterbook
10 Sept. 1782 - 25 July 1784 (and Appendix 20 - 27 Dec. 1779)

Box 3) John Jay


Letterbook
5 Feb. 1785 - 16 Sept. 1788

Box 4) John Jay


Letterbook
29 Sept. 1779 - 12 July 1780
Note: Copies of letters by others
Box 5) John Jay
Letterbook
19 Oct. 1779 - 11 June 1780

Box 6) John Jay


Letterbook
2 July 1781 - 16 March 1782

Box 7) John Jay


Letterbook
21 May 1785 - 4 Oct. 1789
Note: Copies of correspondence regarding negotiations of Treaty with

Spain
Box 8) John Jay


Letterbook
9 April 1794 - 5 March 1795

Box 9) John Jay


Letterbook
29 May 1787 - 8 July 1830

Box 10) John Jay


Letterbook
11 July 1795 - 29 Feb. 1896

Box 11) John Jay


Circuit Court Diary
16 April 1790 - 4 Aug. 1792

Box 12) John Jay


Manuscripts Pertaining to Peace with Britain

Box 13) John Jay


Account Book of Letters Received
15 Nov. 1781 - 1 Oct. 1782

Box 14) John Jay


Receipt Book
1789 - 1802

Box 15) John Jay


Account Book of Jay's Mission to London
1794

Box 16) Peter Jay


Letterbook
30 Dec. 1724 - 10 July 1735

Box 17) Peter Jay


Letterbook
9 Nov. 1745 - 16 Jan. 1748/9

Box 18) Peter Jay


Letterbook
17 Dec. 1748 - 20 Dec. 1772

Box 19) Sarah Livingston Jay (Mrs. John)


Letterbook
[30 Dec. 1779] - 14 March 1783

Box 20) Sarah Livingston Jay (Mrs. John)


Letterbook
1779 - 1781

Box 21) Peter Jay


Receipt Book
1766 - 1782

Box 22) New York City Mayor's Court


Ledger of Court Fees and Cases
1758 -1776


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