Joan Garrod This exercise will help you revise



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Volume 24, Number 4, April 2015

Revision


Beliefs in society

Joan Garrod

This exercise will help you revise.

Using either your class notes and textbooks or just your own knowledge, answer the following questions on the role of religion in society. If you use textbooks, write the answers in your own words — you are more likely to remember them than if you have simply copied something out.



Questions

  1. Briefly explain what Durkheim meant when he said that by worshipping god or gods, people are really worshipping society.

  2. According to Durkheim, why is the act of collective worship important?

  3. Briefly summarise Malinowski’s views on the role of religious rituals as a way of reducing anxiety.

  4. Identify and briefly explain two criticisms of the functionalist view of the role of religion in society.

  5. Briefly explain what Marx meant when he referred to religion as ‘the opiate of the people’.

  6. Briefly explain what Marx meant when he said that there would be no need for religion in a communist society.

  7. What is meant by ‘the ideological state apparatus’?

  8. In what ways do Marxists see religion as being part of the ideological state apparatus?

  9. Why do feminists view religion as patriarchal in nature?

  10. Identify and briefly explain what is meant by ‘pick-and-mix’ religion.


This resource is part of Sociology Review, a magazine written for A-level students by subject experts. To subscribe to the full magazine go to www.hoddereducation.co.uk/sociologyreview






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