Jfk and lbj test True/False



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JFK and LBJ Test
True/False

Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
____ 1. Candidates Nixon and Kennedy had very different approaches to dealing with communism.
____ 2. The outcome of the 1960 election between Nixon and Kennedy was one of the closest in American history.
____ 3. Lyndon Johnson launched the first government program to fund research on mental retardation.
____ 4. The Peace Corps is still active today.
____ 5. The Bay of Pigs action successfully pressured the Soviets into removing their missiles from Cuba.
____ 6. The Warren Commission concluded that Kennedy's assassin acted alone.
____ 7. Lyndon Johnson's leadership style could be described as often overpowering and intimidating.
____ 8. With Cold War tensions continuing to rise, the United States and the Soviet Union engaged in a space race—vying for dominance of the heavens to enhance their competitive positions on Earth.
____ 9. Khrushchev built a wall through Berlin that blocked movement between the Soviet sector and the rest of the city in order to keep West Germany from using Berlin as a base from which to flood East Germany.
____ 10. The Cuban missile crisis brought the world closer to nuclear war than at any time since World War II.
Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
____ 11. During the 1960 election campaign, television aired its first

a.

presidential speech.

c.

presidential debate.

b.

results of the election.

d.

political commentary.

____ 12. Kennedy’s legislative agenda was called the



a.

Great Society.

c.

Fair Deal.

b.

New Frontier.

d.

Square Deal.

____ 13. Kennedy convinced Congress to invest more funds in



a.

defense and space exploration.

c.

urban affairs.

b.

health insurance for the elderly.

d.

education.

____ 14. During the space race, Kennedy’s goal for America was to be the first to



a.

put a man into space.

c.

land a man on the moon.

b.

put a man into orbit.

d.

build a space station.

____ 15. The purpose of the Warren Commission was to investigate



a.

who was responsible for the Bay of Pigs.

b.

the result of the Cuban Missile Crisis.

c.

the relationship between Cuba and the Soviet Union.

d.

allegations of a conspiracy in Kennedy’s assassination.

____ 16. Kennedy was unable to pass many of his domestic programs because



a.

the Democrats held only a small majority in the Senate.

b.

the Republicans held a large majority in the House of Representatives.

c.

Republicans controlled the most influential committees in Congress.

d.

many Democrats in Congress believed the New Frontier was too expensive.

____ 17. In an effort to increase growth and create more jobs, Kennedy advocated



a.

deficit spending.

b.

public works programs.

c.

price controls.

d.

raising taxes for the wealthiest Americans.

____ 18. The principle of “one man, one vote” meant that



a.

all citizens of voting age should be allowed to vote.

b.

all citizens’ votes should have equal weight.

c.

discriminatory voting practices should end.

d.

women should have voting power equal to men.

____ 19. The Fourteenth Amendment ensures



a.

that all defendants get a trial by jury.

b.

due process of law.

c.

that all defendants be read the Miranda rights.

d.

that all defendants have a lawyer.




____ 20. Which of the following choices best completes the diagram about the agreement ending the Cuban missile crisis?

a.

remove missiles from Florida

c.

remove missiles from China.

b.

remove missiles from Alaska.

d.

remove missiles from Turkey.

____ 21. A day camp for children with developmental disabilities, known as Camp Shriver, was the beginning of an effort that later grew into the



a.

New Frontier.

c.

Great Society.

b.

War on Poverty.

d.

Special Olympics.

____ 22. During the 1960 presidential campaign, Nixon warned that the Democrat’s fiscal policies would



a.

boost inflation.

c.

trigger a recession.

b.

damage foreign relations.

d.

intrude in American lives.

____ 23. Which of the following was NOT a goal of Kennedy’s legislative agenda?



a.

increasing aid to education

b.

declaring a war on poverty

c.

providing health insurance for the elderly

d.

creating a Department of Urban Affairs

____ 24. Which event contributed to Nikita Khrushchev’s fall from power in 1964?



a.

the Bay of Pigs invasion

c.

the building of the Berlin Wall

b.

the Cuban Missile Crisis

d.

President Kennedy’s assassination

____ 25. Although Congress blocked many of Kennedy’s legislative initiatives, they did agree to



a.

pass a tax cut.

b.

raise the minimum wage.

c.

help senior citizens obtain health insurance.

d.

provide more aid for education.

____ 26. In Gideon v. Wainwright, the Supreme Court ruled that, regardless of the ability to pay, a defendant in a state court had the right to



a.

a telephone call.

c.

a lawyer.

b.

remain silent.

d.

a speedy trial.

____ 27. The man accused of killing President Kennedy appeared to be a confused and embittered Marxist named



a.

Fidel Castro.

c.

Earl Warren.

b.

Jack Ruby.

d.

Lee Harvey Oswald.

____ 28. What was President Johnson’s vision of the more perfect and equitable society the United States could and should become called?



a.

Fair Deal

c.

New Frontier

b.

New Deal

d.

Great Society



Completion

Complete each statement.
29. Michael Harrington's book The Other America inspired Lyndon Johnson to make the elimination of ____________________ a major policy goal.
30. The _________________________ was Lyndon Johnson's vision of the more perfect and equitable society the United States could and should become.
31. In decisions such as Engel v. Vitale, the Supreme Court handed down decisions that reaffirmed the separation of ____________________ and state.
32. Two significant programs of Johnson's administration, ____________________ for senior citizens and Medicaid for welfare recipients, have survived to the present.


Short Answer (#33-36): Select any two questions. Your answers should be at least one paragraph in length.
“I believe in an America where the separation of the church and state is absolute, where no Catholic prelate would tell the president, should he be a Catholic, how to act.”

––John F. Kennedy


33. In this quotation above, Kennedy reacts to what major issue that he had to confront? Why did he need to confront this issue?


Major Decisions of the Warren Court

Civil Rights

Brown v. Board of Education (1954)

Declared segregation in public schools unconstitutional

Baker v. Carr (1962)

Established that federal courts can hear lawsuits seeking to force state authorities to redraw electoral districts

Reynolds v. Sims (1964)

Mandated that state legislative districts be approximately equal in population

Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States (1964)

Upheld the Civil Rights Act of 1964 provision requiring desegregation of public accommodations

Loving v. Virginia (1967)

Forbade state bans on interracial marriage

Due Process

Mapp v. Ohio (1961)

Ruled that unlawfully seized evidence cannot be used in a trial

Gideon v. Wainwright (1963)

Established suspects’ right to a court-appointed attorney if suspects were unable to afford one

Escobedo v. Illinois (1964)

Affirmed right of the accused to an attorney during police questioning

Miranda v. Arizona (1966)

Required police to inform suspects of their rights during the arrest process

Freedom of Speech and Religion

Engel v. Vitale (1962)

Banned state-mandated prayer in public schools

Abington School District v. Schempp (1963)

Banned state-mandated Bible reading in public schools

New York Times v. Sullivan (1964)

Restricted circumstances in which celebrities could sue the media

34. Using the chart above, summarize the result of the Warren Court’s decisions on due process. How do you think this affected the legal system in the United States?


“For the first time, thanks to the wonders of television, two presidential candidates were coming right into the nation’s living rooms to debate. Americans were enthralled: ‘You hear each man directly,’ observed one. ‘There’s nothing between you and what he says,’ added another. ‘You can see which man gets rattled easily.’

The man who seemed to get rattled easily was Nixon. Kennedy, the Democratic nominee, looked healthy, strong, and confident. Nixon, the Republicans’ choice, came across as tired and frazzled. . . . As one observer noted, ‘Nixon’s eyes darted around, perspiration was clearly noticeable on his chin, and with the tight shots . . . these things were more obvious.’”

–––from The Great Debate
35. Read the passage above describing the televised 1960 presidential debate. John F. Kennedy seemed to “win” the debate. Why?


Major Great Society Programs

Health and Welfare

Education

The War on Poverty

Consumer and Environmental Protection

Medicare (1965) established a comprehensive health insurance program for all senior citizens; financed through the Social Security system.

Elementary and Secondary Education Act (1965) targeted aid to students and funded related activities such as adult education and education counseling.

Office of Economic Opportunity (1964) oversaw many programs to improve life in inner cities, including Job Corps, an education and job training program for at-risk youth.

Water Quality Act and Clean Air Acts (1965) supported development of standards and goals for water and air quality.

Medicaid (1965) provided health and medical assistance to low-income families; funded through federal and state governments.

Higher Education Act (1965) supported college tuition scholarships, student loans, and work-study programs for low- and middle income students.

Housing and Urban Development Act (1965) established new housing subsidy programs and made federal loans and public housing grants easier to obtain.

Highway Safety Act (1966) improved federal, state, and local coordination and created training standards for emergency medical technicians.

Child Nutrition Act (1966) established a school breakfast program and expanded the school lunch and milk programs to improve nutrition.

Project Head Start (1965) funded a preschool program for disadvantaged children.

Demonstration Cities and Metropolitan Development Act (1966) revitalized urban areas through a variety of social and economic programs.

Fair Packaging and Labeling Act (1966) required all consumer products to have true and informative labels.

36. Using the chart above and prior knowledge for support, which healthcare program provided insurance for the elderly? Why did this program have strong public support?


Essay (#37-40): Select any two questions. Your response should be at least 2 paragraphs in length.
37. Compare presidential candidates Kennedy and Nixon.
38. Describe Lyndon Johnson’s leadership style.
39. Explain why the Bay of Pigs was a failure for the Kennedy administration.
40. Explain the Cuban Missile Crisis and evaluate the decisions made by both Kennedy and Khrushchev.


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