James II, as king tries to help the Roman this leads to suspicion and conflict with and opposition to his



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Chapter 11 Section 2 Constitutional Monarchy in England pgs. 291-290-297

Objectives: Explain how religious attitudes affected the rule of Charles II and James II.

Main Idea: Parliament gradually replaced the monarchy as the major source of political power in England

Charles I and Parliament

Read the following and answer the following short response question how did religious attitudes affect the rule of Charles II and James II?

The Restoration and the Glorious Revolution

1. After Charles I was beheaded, his son Charles II was brought back to England from France. The reign of Charles II is called the_____________. Not only is the monarchy restored, but Charles II brings a rebirth of English__________. Charles II makes entertainment, theater and the_______ more available to the people of England is also known as the" Merry__________".

2. Because they had beheaded his father, Charles was personally cynical and____________. Charles II avoided fights with Parliament but used secrecy and__________ methods to get what you wanted.

3. Charles II like Cromwell continues to fight with the Dutch and gains control of a debt settlement in North America called New__________, the English renamed the territory New________. Charles II tries to increase toleration for the__________ faith but could not overcome the Puritans and Parliaments resistance.

4. Charles I had two sons, Charles II and his brother James, James was a Roman _________ and Charles II had no heirs when Charles II dies James would inherit the_______. James II, as king tries to help the Roman_________ this leads to suspicion and conflict with___________ and opposition to his___________

5. Because James is a Roman___________ two__________ parties develop one party opposes a Roman______________ succeeding the front. The other party believed in a hereditary__________ even in heir is a Roman___________

6. The names of these two parties were both first use as________. If you believed in a hereditary__________ you were a_________ the word Tory meant an___________. Tories usually supported the__________ church, they were willing to accept a Roman__________ as a King.

7. The term___________ meant horse thief. This name suggested a_________ group. They would deny the throne James, the Whigs wanted a strong_________ and opposed a Roman___________ asking.

8. Charles II dies in 16____. James, his brother becomes King of England as James__. James II is not liked by either Tories or the________ and James II believed in_________ rule. James II has two daughters, raises them _______ and they both marry Protestant__________ but their mother______ and James II marries a__________, she has a son who becomes_________ to the throne. Both the Tories and the___________ ask James II to resign, remember what happened to Charles I James’ father.

9. James II flees to _________. One of James II daughter, Mary, is asked to rule and with her famous husband (Dutch soldier) William of Orange. As joint rulers they take the names William III and Mary the second.

10. Because no blood was shed in this transfer of power this is known as the “Glorious__________”.

Now you can answer the short response question how did religious attitudes affect the rules of Charles II James II: religious attitudes lead to suspicion, conflict with Parliament, and opposition to their policies.

Changes in English Government

Read the following section and answer the short response question: how did Parliament reduced the power of the monarchy after the Restoration?

11. A philosopher by the name of Thomas________ who had lived through the English Civil War was disturbed by what he had seen. He writes a book published in 16__called”_______” or Giant. Hobbes believed that__________ was man's natural state of nature. That people act only in self______ and strong would destroy the weak. That there must be an unwritten__________ between a ruler and people who were otherwise___________ themselves. The only right that a citizen had is to protect his or her own_________.

12. Another English philosopher by the name of John________ disagreed. John Locke wrote that people had the right, to life, liberty, and to own__________. That a ruler’s responsibility was to protect those_______ and that these rights were natural________ and if you did not protect those natural laws and rights ruler could be overthrown. In his book the “Two Treatises of Government” these natural laws argued John Locke were superior to governments, governments existed only to protect these natural__________.

13. Following the ideas of Locke Parliament begins to pass laws to reflect this new political arrangement a) against unfair________ and imprisonment the Habeas Corpus Act(you shall have the body) was passed b) the English Bill of Rights was passed c) the English King could not pass or suspend any law c) Parliament would choose the ruler of the country d) the King could not maintain an army or a impose taxes e) the King could not interfere with the election Parliament f) free speech for members of Parliament g) no cruel or unusual punishment for citizens.

Now you can answer the short response question how did Parliament reduce the power of the monarchy after the Restoration? See question 13, the answer is in bold

Parliamentary Rule

14. The Bill of Rights marked a_________ point in the history of England and the world.___________ had emerged superior to the monarchy. Limits were placed on__________ power and the rights of ________ had been better defined.

15. Parliament consisted of two houses, the House of_______ and the House of____________. House of Lords consisted of hereditary nobles and higher clergy. The House of, and consisted of wealthy merchants, landowners, and professionals. And only males, from the merchant, professionals and land owning class could vote.

16. The___________ remained as Britain's head of state, but Royal powers were limited by the British constitution this is known as a limited______________ monarchy, this system of limited constitutional monarchy still in effect in England today. The monarchy must consult with Parliament on all important issues.



17. In 1707 the_________ of Union was passed, uniting England and Scotland into one kingdom known as Great Britain. The Act of Union was passed in case of a war against_______. It greatly facilitated trade between England and Scotland and brought wealth to both kingdoms.
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