Jablonski, Marek (Michael)



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(2) Louis-Emmanuel Jadin


(b Versailles, 21 Sept 1768; d Paris, 11 April 1853). Composer and teacher, son of (1) François Jadin. A page de la musique to Louis XVI, he is thought to have taken lessons from Piccinni before joining the Montansier theatre company around 1783. He may have given piano lessons to Marie-Antoinette. During the Revolution he joined the National Guard and took part in the national festivals of the time. He visited Rouen, where he gave concerts in 1795 with Boieldieu, Nancy (where he is said to have helped Bertin d’Antilly leave France in 1797), Lyons and Bordeaux. He was appointed professor of solfège at the Paris Conservatoire on 19 July 1796, and then professor of piano, but left as a result of the financial cuts on 20 May 1798. He returned on 20 July 1802 to teach solfège, and the piano from January 1805; he retired from the Conservatoire on 1 January 1816. In June 1804 he took over the Théâtre Molière, which had a repertory consisting of opéras comiques and vaudevilles, and conducted its orchestra himself. He left the theatre in December of the same year, after giving the premières of his Mon cousin de Paris and La grande’-mère there on 23 June and 17 October respectively. He was appointed gouverneur des pages of the royal chapel on 1 January 1815, and held the post until 1 January 1830. On 1 May 1821 he was made a Chevalier of the Légion d'Honneur. He retired to Montfort-l'Amaury in 1830, but returned to Versailles four years later and moved to Paris in 1844.

His works for piano, written during a period when the instrument was undergoing many new developments, provide a wealth of information about the various styles prevalent in Paris from the 1780s to the 1820s. While he was one of the very first to publish a work indicating the use of a damper (con sordini in three sonatas dedicated to Madame Victoire of France, 1784), his moderation in using the pedals was praised by the Correspondance des amateurs musiciens on 1 January 1804, in an account of one of his concertos: the writer of the piece compared his style to that of Clementi and Hüllmandel, adding that ‘he knows the resources of his art and of the piano’. In the opinion of Fétis, his work as a whole lacked verve and novelty, although ‘at the age of 60 he composed violin quintets deserving more success than they have had’. His string quartets also exhibit fine writing.

He was one of the first French composers to write an opera to an Italian text, Il signor di Pursognac (1792). His first opera (Guerre ouverte, given its première in 1788) already contained music in the Italian style. While some of his operas are more French in style (e.g. Le défi hasardeux, 1796), others present a stylistic ambiguity falling between the French and Italian manners (Le coin du feu, 1793). Mahomet II, his only attempt to write a tragédie lyrique, was produced at the Opéra in 1803 but was not a success. According to the writer of an obituary that appeared in the Revue et gazette musicale de Paris of 17 April 1853, a Libera me for three male voices ‘marked by very religious feeling’, was performed by the students of the Conservatoire, conducted by Elwart, at Notre-Dame-de-Lorette on 13 April 1853 during the offertory of his funeral mass.

WORKS


(selective list)

printed works published in Paris unless otherwise stated


stage


opéras comiques, first performed in Paris unless otherwise stated

Guerre ouverte, ou Ruse contre ruse (cmda, 3, Dumaniant [A.-J. Bourlin]), Versailles, 1788, excerpts F-PN; (1789)

Constance et Gernand (1, P. Desriaux), Français Comique et Lyrique, 15 July 1790

Joconde (3, Desforges [P.-J.-B. Choudard], after La Fontaine), Monsieur, 14 Sept 1790, excerpts (1790)

La religieuse danoise, ou La communauté de Copenhague (3, A.-L. Bertin d’Antilly), Montansier, 13 Dec 1790; also as Le duc de Waldeza

La vengeance du bailli, ou La suite d’Annette et Lubin (cmda, 2, C.-S. Favart and C.-N.-J. Favart), Monsieur, 30 April 1791

L’heureux stratagème (comédie lyrique, 2, G. Saulnier), Opéra, 13 Sept 1791, Po, ov. Pc*

Amélie de Monfort (3, Cottereau, after N.B. de La Dixmerie), Feydeau, 13 Feb 1792

Il signor di Pursognac (after Molière), Feydeau, 23 April 1792, Pc*, excerpt Pc*

L’avare puni (1, Verneuil), Feydeau, 4 Aug 1792

Les talismans (opéra à grand spectacle, 3, P.-U. Dubuisson), Louvois, 12 Jan 1793

Le coin du feu (comédie, 1, E.-G.-F. de Favières), OC (Favart), 10 June 1793 (n.d.)

Le siège de Thionville (drame lyrique, 2, Saulnier and Dutilh), Opéra, 14 June 1793, Po, 1 air (n.d.)

Le congrès des rois (cmda, Desmaillot [A. F. Eve]), OC (Favart), 26 Feb 1794, collab. Dalayrac, Grétry, Méhul and 8 others

Alisbelle, ou Les crimes de la féodalité (3, Desforges), National, 27 Feb 1794, A, excerpt (n.d.)

L’apothéose du jeune Barra (tableau patriotique, 1, F.-P.-A. Léger), Feydeau, 5 June 1794

Agricol Viala, ou Le jeune héros de la Durance (fait historique et patriotique, 1, L. Philipon de la Madeleine), Amis de la Patrie, 1 July 1794, ov. and airs (n.d.)

L’écolier en vacances (comédie, 1, L.B. Picard), OC (Favart), 13 Oct 1794

Le cabaleur (cmda, 1, J.-A. Lebrun-Tossa), OC (Favart), 11 Jan 1795

Le lendemain de noces (1, Léger), Feydeau, 18 April 1795

La supercherie par amour, ou Le fils supposé (comédie mêlée de musique, 3, C.-J. Loeuillard d’Avrigny), OC (Favart), 12 May 1795

Loizerolles, ou L’héroïsme paternel (1, Ducaire), Amis de la Patrie, 25 Dec 1795

Le mariage de la veille (1, Loeuillard d’Avrigny, after Voltaire: La femme qui avoit raison), OC (Favart), 2 Jan 1796, excerpts (n.d.)

Le négociant de Boston (comédie mêlée de musique, 1, Loeuillard d’Avrigny and Dejaure, after Mercier: Le libérateur), OC (Favart), 23 March 1796

Les deux lettres (1, E.-J.-B. Delrieu), OC (Favart), 4 Aug 1796

Le défi hasardeux (2, Delrieu), Louvois, 8 Aug 1796 (1797), Mc

Les bons voisins (fait historique, 1, B. Planterre), Feydeau, 1 Nov 1797

Candos, ou Les sauvages du Canada (3, Delrieu), Feydeau, 2 Jan 1798, ov. Pc

Mahomet II (tragédie lyrique, 3, Saulnier), Opéra, 9 Aug 1803, Po, Acts 1 and 2 Pc*, excerpts Pc*

Jean Bart et Patoulet (1, Léger), OC (Feydeau), 21 Jan 1804

Mon cousin de Paris (oc, 1, Léger) Molière, 23 June 1804, Pc*

La grand-mère (2, E.-G.-F. de Favières), Molière, 17 Oct 1804 Pc*

Les trois prétendus (1, T. Pein), Montansier, 29 April 1805

Le grand-père, ou LeS deux âges (oc, 1, A. de Favières), OC (Feydeau), 14 Oct 1805, Pc*; (n.d.)

Charles Coypel, ou La vengeance d’un peintre (1, Léger), Montansier, 26 Oct 1805

Les arts et l’amitié (oc, A. de Bouchard), OC (Feydeau), 9 June 1807

La partie de campagne (comédie mêlée de chants, 1, J.H.F. Lamartelière), OC (Feydeau) 26 June 1810, Pc*; (n.d.)

L’auteur malgré, lui, ou La pièce tombée (1, Claparède, after J.-F. Marmontel: Le connoisseur), OC (Feydeau), 16 May 1812, ov. Pc*

L’inconnu, ou Le coup d’épée viager (oc, 3, Vial and E.-G.-F. de Favières), OC (Feydeau), 30 March 1816, ov. Pc*

Fanfan et Colas, ou Les frères de lait (1, A. Jadin, after Beaunoir [A.-L.-B. Robineau]), OC (Feydeau), 29 Oct 1822 (n.d.)

Unperf: Jean et Geneviève, 1 air pubd

Doubtful: La rosière de Cholet (1), Montansier, 16 Aug 1796

Lost: Mélusine et Gerval ou Mélinde et Ferval, Feydeau, 20 Feb 1796; La paix, ou Le triomphe de l’humanité, Théâtre de Nancy, 14 Dec 1798; Les deux aveugles de Tolède (op, 1), OC (Feydeau), 30 May 1806; La gueule du lion, ou La mère esclave (mélodrame, 3, Cuvelier and Léopold), Gaîté, Dec 1816/Jan 1817, lib F-Pn

Attrib.: Claudinet, ou Les absents ont toujours tort (2, C.A.B. Serwin), Artistes, 21 Jan 1797, lost

vocal


Sacred (most unpubd, I-Pc): Messe solennelle, 4vv, orch, 1828; Les prix de l’année 1846 aux frères de l’école chrétienne (P. de Chazot), 4vv, org; Le mois de Marie, ou 7 cantiques français fait pour les demoiselles de la Maison Royale de la Légion d’Honneur de Saint Denis (J. Racine, P. Corneille, J.-B. Rousseau and others), 1–4vv, pf/hmn/org; Requiem and Libera me, 3vv, 3 trbn, db; 6 Domine salvum, 1–3vv, org/orch; 2 Ecce panis, 1–4vv, insts and/or org/pf, autograph; 10 Ky, incl. pour la Maison Royale de Saint Cécile, 3vv, org, orch; 17 O salutaris; 3 San, 2–4vv; other works, incl. 45 hymns and sacred songs, some unacc., many autographs

Secular (texts by A. Jadin and pf/hp acc. unless otherwise stated): Recueil de 2 duos et 2 rondeaux (1803); c17 nocturnes, incl. La cloche du matin, 3vv, Onde limpide et pure, 3vv, 2e recueil, 2vv; Le chasseur, tyrolienne; Duo du vin, Pc; Prières des exilés de Gallicie (Chazot), chant polonais, Pc; Vous dont les âmes, ariette dialoguée, acc. orch, Pc

Songs, 1v: over 60 pubd, incl.: Un poison, c’est la tristesse (1796); Rondeau (Saint-Laurent) (1802); Il est à lui (Coupigny) (1822); c100 unpubd in Pc, incl.: Les cheveux de ma toute belle, séguedille espagnole (E. Fouinet), 1831; Jeannette et Pierre (Chazot), 1848; Le bandit (Arago), acc. orch/pf; L’invocation à la paix, acc. orch

Collections incl. Jadin’s songs, 1v (most acc. pf/hp): 2 Recueils de six romances (c1787, 1793); 3e recueil de romances et petits airs (Boucher) (1794); 8 nocturnes (P. Metastasio) (1801); 4 romances (1811); 8 Canzonetten (Leipzig); 4e recueil de romances et petits airs (Florian, after Gonzalve de Cordouë); 3 romances (A. Jadin); 6 romances nouvelles; 2e suite de romances et petits airs

26 occasional works incl.: Chant d’une esclave affranchie (Coupigny), perf. Opéra, 1794; Ode/Hymne à J.-J. Rousseau (T. Desorgues) (1794); Le serment français (A. Jadin), cant, perf. Feydeau, 1814; Le canon du 29 septembre 1820 (C. Plantade); Prière pour la duchesse de Berry (A. Jadin) (1820); Chant des gardes au baptème du nouvel Henry (F.L. Janillion) (1821); Hymne à la République; Citoyens, levez-vous


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