(b Cedar Rapids, IA, 10 Feb 1928). American conductor. He studied the violin and conducting at the Eastman School, Rochester, and was a violinist with the Rochester PO for five years. Its conductor, Leinsdorf, coached him, and in 1953 Johanos first conducted the orchestras at Altoona and Johnstown, Pennsylvania. In 1954 awards from the American Symphony Orchestra League and the Rockefeller Foundation enabled him to spend three years working with Ormandy, Beecham, Klemperer, Karajan and others. He won the 1957 International Conducting Competition of the Netherlands Radio Union, which led to appearances with the Concertgebouw Orchestra. He became associate conductor of the Dallas SO the same year and was its musical director from 1962 to 1970. In 1971 he was appointed associate conductor of the Pittsburgh SO and director of its chamber orchestra. He became music director of the Honolulu SO and artistic director of the Hawaii Opera Theatre in 1979. Johanos’s recordings, especially of Ives’s Holidayswith the Dallas SO, reveal a lyrical approach and a careful sense of structure, sustained by rhythmic stability and momentum.