Jablonski, Marek (Michael)



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Jochum.


German family of musicians.

(1) Otto Jochum

(2) Eugen Jochum

(3) Georg Ludwig Jochum

WILLIAM D. GUDGER (1), NOËL GOODWIN (2–3)



Jochum

(1) Otto Jochum


(b Babenhausen, 18 March 1898; d Bad Reichenhall, 24 Oct 1969). Choirmaster and composer. He studied the organ, the piano and theory with his father, Ludwig Jochum. He entered the Augsburg Conservatory and then the Munich Akademie der Tonkunst, where he studied conducting, the piano and composition, the last with Joseph Haas. From 1922 he taught at a singing school in Augsburg and in 1933 followed his singing teacher Albert Greiner as director of the municipal singing school. In 1932 his oratorio Der jüngste Tag op.28 won a national first prize; he was also commissioned by the International Society for Catholic Music to compose an opera on the theme of Jacob and his fight with the angels. The work was scheduled to be performed in 1933 in Aachen, Cologne and Rome, but the Nazis outlawed the project since material based on the Old Testament was no longer deemed ideologically acceptable. Jochum recovered from this setback, composing patriotic works such as the cantata An das Vaterland (1933) and the hymn Unser Lied: Deutschland (1938). He also received the title of professor in 1935, was appointed director of the Augsburg Music Conservatory in 1938 and in 1939 held seminars in choral music and began to direct a chorus bearing his name, continuing until his retirement in 1951. At this time he was ostracized by the Rosenberg wing of the Nazi party for his continued commitment to writing Catholic sacred music. In 1951 ill-health forced him to retire, but he continued to compose in his later years. Choral works constitute the greatest part of his output; he wrote many works for combinations of up to seven choruses, and some of his simple patriotic choruses were very popular in the early 1930s. Many of his other choral works are arrangements of folksongs, which are also found in other compositions, such as the Florianer Sinfonie op.84.

WORKS


(selective list)

Stage: Ritter, Tod und Teufel (incid. music, A.M. Miller), 1934; Vocal: Jörg von Frundsberg, op.13, Bar, male chorus, orch/pf (1929); Maria, op.19, chorus, chbr orch (1930); Der jüngste Tag, orat, op.28 (1931); Der Kämpfer Gottes, opera frag., op.48, 1933, unpubd; Reigen des Jahres, orat, op.65 (1936); Goethe-Sinfonie, op.77, chorus, orch (1941); Ein Weihnachtssingen, orat, op.80 (1942); Musikus und Musica, op.156, spkr, male chorus, insts/pf (1956); Jubilate, hymnische Kantate, op.166, S, Bar, male chorus, orch/str orch/pf (1957); Cantica sacra, orat, op.167 (1957); TeD, op.190, SATB, org (1966); 15 masses (Lat. and Ger.), motets and other sacred choral pieces, many other choruses, lieder, stage music

Orch: Christus und die Welt, op.9a, chbr orch (1929); Passacaglia and Fugue, op.12 (org, orch)/org (1929); Florianer Sinfonie, op.84 (1944)

Chbr: Variations, op.3, str qt (1928); Str Qt, d, op.22 (1930); Der Herzbrunner, op.49 (5 wind, 5 str)/(wind, pf)/(str, pf) (1933); Wanderschaft, op.58, str qt (1934); Lasst die Gläser klingen, op.172, str qt/str orch (1958); pf pieces

 

Principal publishers: A. Böhm, Hoppe, Kistner & Siegel, W. Müller, Tonger


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