(b London, 1822; d London, 1907). English organ builder, nephew of George Jardine. He was apprenticed to J.C. Bishop in 1836 and in 1837 went with his uncle to New York; he returned to London in 1842, completing his apprenticeship with Bishop. After the death of Samuel Renn (1845) Jardine joined his widow as co-manager of the firm in Manchester in 1848. Sarah Renn died in 1850 and was replaced by James Kirtland (Renn's nephew and ex-apprentice) until his retirement in 1866; the business continued as Kirtland & Jardine until 1867, when it became known as Jardine & Co. Jardine retired in 1874, when he sold the business and returned to London. The firm remained active until 1976; its records are in the British Organ Archive, British Institute of Organ Studies, Birmingham Central Library.
Jardine introduced innovations learnt in the USA and was the first in England to use Vogler's Simplification system; there were no pipes standing off the soundboard and a simplified mechanism without rollerboards was evolved. Pedal choruses were developed using a simple mechanism to derive two stops (16' and 8', 8' and 4' etc.) from each rank of pipes. The Kirtland & Jardine coupler is illustrated in Hopkins and Rimbault. Serious case design was abandoned for Gothic frets, cut by machine to simple geometrical patterns. The firm made only simple mechanical actions but, influenced by the organist Benjamin Joule, developed a Romantic style. Jardine's largest organ was that in St Peter's, Manchester (1856–72), built for Joule; it had four manuals and 61 speaking stops, foreshadowing the Cavaillé-Coll organ of 1877 in the neighbouring Town Hall.
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