C. Garrod and P. Johnston: Harry James and his Orchestra, i: 1937–1946, ii: 1947–1954 (Zephyrhills, FL, 1975); iii: 1955–1982 (Zephyrhills, 1985) [discography]
(b New York, 15 April 1843; d London, 28 Feb 1916). American novelist. He received an eclectic and cosmopolitan private education, thus gaining the intimate knowledge of Europeans and Americans that he displays so prominently in his writings. James ranks as one of the most acclaimed writers and critics of the USA, but after 1876 he made his home in England and in 1915 became a British citizen.
The best-known operatic adaptations of James's fiction are Benjamin Britten's The Turn of the Screw (1954) and Owen Wingrave (1971), both based on novels of the same titles. Other well-known operas include Thea Musgrave's The Voice of Ariadne (1974; based on James's short story The Last of the Valerii), Oakley Hall's The Portrait of a Lady and Douglas S. Moore's The Wings of the Dove (1961). Dominick Argento (1988) and Philip Hagemann (1988) wrote operas based on The Aspern Papers, and the novel Washington Square was the basis of L'héretière (1974) by Jean-Michel Damasse as well as operas by Catherine Sloper (1978) and Thomas Pasatieri (1976).