Jablonski, Marek (Michael)

Juschino. See Josquin des Prez. Jussonius [Jusswein], Antonius

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See Josquin des Prez.

Jussonius [Jusswein], Antonius.

See Gosswin, Antonius.

Just, Johann August

(b Gröningen, c1750; d ?The Hague, Dec 1791). German keyboard player, composer and violinist. According to early chroniclers, he studied with Kirnberger in Berlin and subsequently with Schwindl at The Hague. By 1767 he was at the court of William V, Prince of Orange and Nassau, where he served as music master to Princess Wilhelmine; he remained connected with the court throughout his career. Early in his life he may have visited London; by 1772 his publications there had reached op.3, and most works published on the Continent were promptly reprinted in London. Fétis’s statement that Just followed the court into exile in England (January 1795) must be false, as royal archives imply an earlier death. As Burney wrote only on deceased composers for Rees’s Cyclopaedia, Just must have died before Burney’s brief article on him was written (c1804).

Just was described by Gerber as being among ‘the best keyboard players in the new manner’. His compositions are largely for keyboard, but he also wrote at least three Singspiele, of which De Koopman van Smyrna was performed in German translation in Bonn and Frankfurt in 1783. The style of the Singspiele resembles the popular works of J.A. Hiller, but they also share characteristics with current Parisian comedies. The keyboard works are marked by their frankly pedagogic orientation and include many sonatinas and divertimentos; use of the latter title, two-part writing and other points of style suggest the possible influence of the widely circulated keyboard music of Wagenseil. Keyboard publications include variations on popular songs; one set (1773) used ‘Lison dormait dans un bocage’ from Dezède’s Julie. (It was later similarly used by Mozart in his nine variations k264.) Just’s simple pieces generally possess refinement and charm and are still attractive teaching material. At a time when the piano was coming into vogue his teaching collections continued to specify the harpsichord. Many sets include fashionable violin accompaniments, but in op.6 the violin is obbligato and a true concertante equality between the instruments often results. Fétis’s attribution to Just of the keyboard method New and Compleat Instructions for the Harpsichord, Piano-Forte or Organ (London, c1798) has not been verified but is reinforced by Just’s lifelong concern with didactic materials and by selections in it entitled ‘The Prince’s Favourite’ and ‘Stadtholder’s Minuet’. (A possible alternative compiler is the court pianist J.A. Colizzi.)


published in The Hague or Amsterdam unless otherwise stated

Vocal: De Koopman van Smyrna (Spl), ov., songs pubd separately; Der gute Fürst und der Edelknabe (Spl, 3), A-Wgm, ov. arr. hpd/pf, vn, 2 hn; De Sympathie (Spl), music lost; Günther von Schwarzburg (Spl), cited in EitnerQ, doubtful; 6 Lieder, B/A, gui, op.3 (Frankfurt, n.d.), doubtful; cant., 4vv, insts, D-Bsb; Whitsun cant., cited in GerberL, lost

Kbd solo (sonatines/divertissements): 6, op.3 (1770); 6, op.11 (1780); 6, hpd/pf 4 hands, op.12 (1781), 2 ed. W. Hillemann (Mainz, 1950); 8, op.16 (1787)

Kbd, vn (divertissements/sonatas/sonatines): 6, op.1 (c1769); 6, op.4 (c1773), as op.5 (London, c1776); 6, op.6 (1776); 6, op.7 (c1778); 6, op.8 (c1778); 6, op.14 (1786)

Other chbr: 6 sonatas, hpd, vn/fl, opt. vc, op.2 (c1770); 6 duettinos, 2 fl/vn (c1779); 6 trios, hpd/pf, fl/vn/va, vc, op.13 (1781); 8 sonatines, 2 vn, op.15 (1787); 6 duos, 2 vn/fl, op.17 (1790/R)

Orch: A Concerto for … the Violin (London, c1772); 6 Concerts, hpd, orch, op.4 (London, c1775); 6 Overtures, op.8 (London, c1779); [3] Concertos, hpd, orch, op.10 (1780)

Variations and other small kbd pieces

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